Ewa M Słomińska

Medical University of Gdansk, Danzig, Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland

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Publications (25)42.74 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: 4-Pyridone-3-carboxamide-1β-D-ribonucleoside (4PYR) is a naturally occurring compound related to nicotinamide that could be metabolized to mono-, di-, and triphosphates of 4PYR (4PYMP, 4PYDP, 4PYTP) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) analogue (4PYRAD) in all types of cells. Previous studies demonstrated that formation of 4PYMP and 4PYTP was dependent on adenosine kinase activity. Pathway of 4PYRAD production is not yet identified, but most likely this process involves production of 4PYMP. This study aimed to evaluate influence of 4PYR on metabolism of endothelial cells and to test effect of nucleoside transport inhibitors. 4PYR was obtained by chemical synthesis. Endothelial cell line (HMEC-1) was incubated for 24 or 48 hours with 100 μM 4PYR. After incubation, cells were separated from medium and analyzed for concentrations of ATP, NAD, and 4PYR metabolites by using reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography. We demonstrated progressive accumulation of 4PYR metabolites in endothelium that reached 33.2 ± 0.8 nmol/mg protein for 4PYMP and 5.25 ± 0.17 nmol/mg protein for 4PYRAD after 48-hour incubation with 4PYR. Dipyridamole protected from accumulation of 4PYR metabolites in endothelial cells. We conclude that endothelium is capable to convert 4PYR into intracellular metabolites and this causes disruption of cell energy balance. Nucleoside transport inhibition with dipyridamole could protect endothelium from this effect. This finding could be of clinical relevance in conditions associated with accumulation of 4PYR such as chronic renal disease.
    Nucleosides Nucleotides &amp Nucleic Acids 04/2014; 33(4-6):338-341. · 0.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Extracellular nucleotides control mechanisms such as thrombosis or inflammation that are important in several pathologies, including heart valve disease and calcification. Ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase 1 (eNTPD1, CD39) and ecto-5'-nucleotidase (e5NT, CD73) are ectoenzymes that convert adenosine triphosphate to adenosine diphosphate, adenosine monophosphate and finally to adenosine. Changes in activities of these enzymes influence extracellular nucleotide concentrations and therefore could be involved in valve pathology. This study aimed to analyze type of cells, specific area, level of expression and biochemical function of CD39 and CD73 in pig aortic valves. Samples were collected from aortic valves of domestic pigs. Histological sections were cut from paraffin embedded tissue blocks. Following incubation with primary antibody against CD39 or CD73, washing and secondary goat anti-rabbit secondary antibodies, slides were viewed with NanoZoomer scanner. Substantial expression CD39 and CD73 was observed in two main types of valve cells: endothelial and valve interstitial cells. Subsequently, biochemical function of CD39 and CD73 was evaluated in cells cultured from pig aortic valve. Breakdown of extracellular nucleotides added to cell medium was analyzed with high performance liquid chromatography. In the interstitial cells, the CD73 products formation was much faster than in endothelium, while for the CD39 activity this relation was opposite. Expression and high concentration of CD39 and CD73 products in endothelium are expected, but presence of CD73 in valve interstitial cells is a surprise. We conclude that CD39 and CD73 and their enzymatic activities that convert extracellular nucleotides are highly expressed and could have special function in the valve.
    Nucleosides Nucleotides &amp Nucleic Acids 04/2014; 33(4-6):305-312. · 0.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Enzymes of extracellular nucleotide catabolism, such as ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase (eNTPD), ecto-5'-nucleotidase (e5NT) and ecto-adenosine deaminase (eADA), control extracellular concentrations of adenine nucleotides and adenosine, furthermore in that way regulate inflammation, immune response, and platelets aggregation. In valves, disturbances of these processes may lead to their dysfunction and calcification. The aim of this study was to analyze the distribution of enzymes, which are engaged in extracellular nucleotide metabolism on the surface of pig aortic and pulmonary valves in relation to activities in the vessel wall. Activity of e5NT was two times higher on the surface of the aortic valve in comparison to the aorta. The same relation between activity of this enzyme in the pulmonary valve and pulmonary artery can be observed. In contrast, eADA activity on the valve surface is much lower than in the vessel wall. No significant differences were observed between the activity of eNTPD on the valve and the vessel surface. This highlights that pattern of enzymes activities favors the production and retention of adenosine on the valve surface and that its alterations could play a role in valve pathology.
    Nucleosides Nucleotides &amp Nucleic Acids 04/2014; 33(4-6):329-332. · 0.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nucleotide metabolism and signalling is directly linked to myocardial function. Therefore analysis how diversity of genes coding nucleotide metabolism related proteins affects clinical progress of heart disease could provide valuable information for development of new treatments. Several studies identified that polymorphism of AMP deaminase 1 gene (AMPD1), in particular the common C34T variant of this gene was found to benefit patients with heart failure and ischemic heart disease. However, these findings were inconsistent in subsequent studies. This prompted our detailed analysis of heart transplant recipients that revealed diverse effect: improved early postoperative cardiac function associated with C34T mutation in donors, but worse 1-year survival. Our other studies on the metabolic impact of AMPD1 C34T mutation revealed decrease in AMPD activity, increased production of adenosine and de-inhibition of AMP regulated protein kinase. Thus, genetic, clinical and biochemical studies revealed that while long term attenuation of AMPD activity could be deleterious, transient inhibition of AMPD activity before acute cardiac injury is protective. We suggest therefore that pharmacological inhibition of AMP deaminase before transient ischemic event such as during ischemic heart disease or cardiac surgery could provide therapeutic benefit.
    Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy 01/2014; · 2.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The variant cell line U937V was originally identified by a higher sensitivity to the cytocidal action of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) than that of its reference cell line, U937. We noticed that a typical morphological feature of dying U937V cells was the lack of cellular disintegration, which contrasts to the formation of apoptotic bodies seen with dying U937 cells. We found that both TNFα, which induces the extrinsic apoptotic pathway, and etoposide (VP-16), which induces the intrinsic apoptotic pathway, stimulated U937V cell death without cell disintegration. In spite of the distinct morphological differences between the U937 and U937V cells, the basic molecular events of apoptosis, such as internucleosomal DNA degradation, phosphatidylserine exposure on the outer leaflet of the plasma membrane, caspase activation and cytochrome c release, were evident in both cell types when stimulated with both types of apoptosis inducer. In the U937V cells, we noted an accelerated release of cytochrome c, an accelerated decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential, and a more pronounced generation of reactive oxygen species compared to the reference cells. We propose that the U937 and U937V cell lines could serve as excellent comparison models for studies on the mechanisms regulating the processes of cellular disintegration during apoptosis, such as blebbing (zeiosis) and apoptotic body formation.
    Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters 04/2013; · 1.95 Impact Factor
  • Jacek Zieliński, Krzysztof Kusy, Ewa Słomińska
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    ABSTRACT: Changes in purine derivatives may be considered as signs of training-induced metabolic adaptations. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of a 1-year training cycle on the response of hypoxanthine (Hx) concentration and Hx-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HGPRT) activity. Three groups of middle-aged male runners were examined: 11 elite master runners (EL; 46.0 ± 3.8 years), 9 amateur runners (AM; 45.1 ± 4.7 years), and 10 recreational runners (RE; 45.9 ± 6.1 years). Plasma Hx concentration and erythrocyte HGPRT activity were measured in three characteristic training phases of the annual cycle. Significant differences in post-exercise Hx concentration and resting HGPRT activity were demonstrated between the EL, AM, and RE groups across consecutive training phases. The EL group showed lowest Hx concentration and highest HGPRT activity compared to the AM and RE groups. Analogous differences were observed between the AM and RE groups during specific preparation. For the EL group, the changes were observed across all examinations and the lowest Hx concentration and highest HGPRT activity were found in the competition phase. Significant change was also revealed in the AM group between the general and specific preparation, but not in the competition phase. No significant changes were found in the RE runners who did not use anaerobic exercise in their training. In conclusion, a long-lasting endurance training, incorporating high-intensity exercise, results in significant changes in purine metabolism, whereas training characterized by constant low-intensity exercise does not. Plasma Hx concentration and erythrocyte HGPRT activity may be sensitive indicators of training adaptation and training status in middle-aged athletes.
    Arbeitsphysiologie 09/2012; · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are almost 100 different substances called uremic toxins. Nicotinamide derivatives are known as new family of uremic toxins. These uremic compounds play a role in an increased oxidative stress and disturbances in cellular repair processes by inhibiting poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase activity. New members of this family were discovered and described. Their toxic properties were a subject of recent studies. This study evaluated the concentration of 4-pyridone-3-carboxamid-1-β-ribonucleoside-triphosphate (4PYTP) and 4-pyridone-3-carboxamid-1-β-ribonucleoside-monophosphate (4PYMP) in erythrocytes of patients with chronic renal failure. Serum and red blood cells were collected from chronic renal failure patients on conservative treatment, those treated with hemodialysis, and at different times from those who underwent kidney transplantation. Healthy volunteers served as a control group. Nicotinamide metabolites were determined using liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry based on originally discovered and described method. Three novel compounds were described: 4-pyridone-3-carboxamid-1-β-ribonucleoside (4PYR), 4PYMP, and 4PYTP. 4PYR concentration was elevated in the serum, whereas 4PYMP and 4PYTP concentrations were augmented in erythrocytes of dialysis patients. Interestingly, concentrations of these compounds were less elevated during the treatment with erythropoietin-stimulating agents (ESAs). After successful kidney transplantation, concentrations of 4PYR and 4PYMP normalized according to the graft function, whereas that of 4PYTP was still elevated. During the incubation of erythrocytes in the presence of 4PYR, concentration of 4PYMP rose very rapidly while that of 4PYTP increased slowly. Therefore, we hypothesized that 4PYR, as a toxic compound, was actively absorbed by erythrocytes and metabolized to the 4PYMP and 4PYTP, which may interfere with function and life span of these cells.
    Journal of Renal Nutrition 01/2012; 22(1):95-7. · 1.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are almost 100 different substances called uremic toxins. In this study, we analyze all findings concerning the new family of uremic compounds--nicotinamide end products: N-methyl-2-pyridone-5-carboxamide (Met2PY), N-methyl-4-pyridone-5-carboxamide, newly described 4-pyridone-3-carboxamide-1-beta-D-ribonucleoside (4PYR) and 4-pyridone-3-carboxamide-1-beta-D-ribonucleoside triphosphate (4PYTP). After few years of studies, we have found that these substances have higher plasma concentration in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) in comparison with the healthy population. We noted a 40-fold increase in plasma 4PYR concentration in patients with CRF. This increment correlates significantly with the decline of kidney function measured as an increase of serum creatinine concentration and decrease of estimated glomerular filtration rate. Tested compounds are present and measurable in physiological fluids and tissues. We found higher saliva Met2PY concentration in patients with CRF in comparison with controls. Saliva Met2PY correlated negatively with estimated glomerular filtration rate and positively with serum creatinine concentration. One-third of studied group had higher concentration of Met2PY in the saliva than in plasma, and this segment of patients may be called as "good excretors." In rats with experimental CRF, we found that both Met2PY and N-methyl-4-pyridone-5-carboxamide accumulated in selected tissues. We also demonstrated formation of 4PYTP in intact human erythrocytes during incubation with the precursor 4PYR. Incubation with 4PYR leads to lowering concentration of adenosine-5'-triphosphate. 4PYTP formation may be a way to remove 4PYR from the circulation and save adenosine-5'-triphosphate depletion. Summarizing, end products of the nicotinamide family are members of uremic toxins; however, exact pathophysiological role of these compounds in the development of uremic syndrome needs further studies.
    Journal of Renal Nutrition 09/2010; 20(5 Suppl):S7-10. · 1.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nicotinamide N-methyltrasferase (NMMT) catalyzes the conversion of nicotinamide (NA) to 1-methylnicotinamide (MNA). Recent studies have reported that exogenous MNA exerts anti-thrombotic and anti-inflammatory activity, suggesting that endogenous NMMT-derived MNA may play a biological role in the cardiovascular system. In the present study, we assayed changes in hepatic NNMT activity and MNA plasma levels along the progression of atherosclerosis in apoE/LDLR(-/-) mice, as compared to age-matched wild-type mice. Atherosclerosis progression in apoE/LDLR(-/-) mice was quantified in aortic root, while hepatic NNMT activity and MNA plasma concentrations were concomitantly measured in 2-, 3-, 4-, and 6-month-old mice. In apoE/LDLR(-/-) mice, atherosclerotic plaques developed in the aortic roots beginning at the age of 3 months and gradually increased in size, macrophage content, and inflammation intensity over time, as detected by Oil-Red O staining, CD68 immunostaining, and in situ zymography (MMP2/MMP9 activity). Hepatic NNMT activity was upregulated approximately two-fold in apoE/LDLR(-/-) mice by the age of 2 months, as compared to wild-type mice (1.03 +/- 0.14 vs. 0.64 +/- 0.23 pmol/min/mg, respectively). MNA plasma concentrations were also elevated approximately two-fold (0.30 +/- 0.13 vs. 0.17 +/- 0.04 micromol/l, respectively). As atherosclerosis progressed, hepatic NMMTactivity and MNA plasma concentrations increased five-fold in 6-month-old apoE/LDLR(-/-) mice at the stage of advanced atherosclerotic plaques (NMMT activity: 2.29 +/- 0.34 pmol/min/mg, MNA concentration: 1.083 +/- 0.33 micromol/l). In summary, the present study demonstrated that the progression of vascular inflammation and atherosclerosis was associated with the upregulation of hepatic NNMT activity and subsequent increase in endogenous MNA plasma levels. Given the anti-thrombotic and anti-inflammatory properties of exogenous MNA, robust activation of an endogenous NA-MNA pathway in atherosclerosis may play an important compensatory role.
    Pharmacological reports: PR 01/2009; 61(1):76-85. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 1-Methylnicotinamide (MNA), a major endogenous metabolite of nicotinamide, possesses anti-thrombotic and anti-inflammatory activity, and reverses endothelial dysfunction. In the present work, we investigated whether such a vasoprotective profile of MNA activity affords anti-diabetic action in rats. Diabetes was induced by streptozotocin (STZ) in Sprague-Dawley rats. Eight weeks after STZ injection in untreated or MNA-treated rats (100 mg kg(-1) daily), development of diabetes (plasma concentrations of fasting and non-fasting glucose, HbA(1c), peptide C), development of oxidant stress (lipid peroxidation, carbonylation of plasma proteins), as well as NO-dependent endothelial function in aorta, coronary and mesenteric vessels were analyzed. Finally, the effect of chronic treatment with MNA on long-term survival of diabetic rats was determined. Chronic treatment with MNA profoundly lowered fasting glucose concentrations in plasma, displayed mild effects on plasma HbA(1c) and peptide C concentrations, while having no effects on non-fasting glucose. On the other hand, MNA treatment considerably lowered lipid peroxidation, protein carbonylation, completely prevented impairment of endothelium-dependent vasodilatation in the aorta that was mediated entirely by NO, but failed to affect endothelial function in resistant vessels, which was mediated only partially by NO. Most importantly, chronic treatment with MNA prolonged the long-term survival of diabetic rats. In conclusion, MNA displayed a significant anti-diabetic effect that may be linked to its vasoprotective activity.
    Pharmacological reports: PR 01/2009; 61(1):86-98. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: 1-Methylnicotinamide (MNA), a major metabolite of nicotinamide (NA), is known to exert anti-inflammatory effects in vivo. Treatment of inflammatory skin diseases by topical application of MNA provides certain advantages over the use of NA. However, in contrast to NA, the molecular mechanisms of the anti-inflammatory properties of MNA are not well known. In this study the influence of exogenous MNA and NA in vivo on the generation of inflammatory mediators by macrophages (Mϕ) was investigated. Materials and Methods: Peritoneal Mϕ of CBA/J mice were activated in vitro with lipopolysaccharide and incubated with MNA or NA. The effect of these compounds on biological functions of Mϕ was measured by evaluation of the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by luminol-dependent chemiluminescence, cytokines and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) by ELISA, and nitric oxide (NO) by the Griess method. Moreover, the expressions of inducible NO synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 were measured by Western blotting. Results: It was shown that at non-cytotoxic concentrations, NA inhibits the production of a variety of pro-inflammatory agents, such as tumor necrosis factor α, interleukin 6, NO, PGE2, and the generation of ROS. In contrast to NA, exogenous MNA inhibited only the generation of ROS, while its effect on the synthesis of other mediators was negligible. Conclusions: These results indicate that the anti-inflammatory properties of MNA demonstrated previously in vivo do not depend on its capacity to suppress the functions of immune cells, but more likely may be related to its action on vascular endothelium. The authors suggest that the limited permeability for exogenous MNA, in contrast to that for NA, may be responsible for its lack of suppressor activity against Mϕ.
    Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis 01/2008; 56(2):127-134. · 2.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Uremic toxins play a critical role in the manifestation of the uremic syndrome. This is a consequence of retention of such substances in chronic renal failure patients and interactions between them. To date >100 uremic compounds have been discovered. The aim of this study was to elucidate potential relationships between N-methyl-2-pyridone-5-carboxamide (Me2PY) and N-methyl-4-pyridone-5-carboxamide (Me4PY), two uremic compounds, and different parameters of oxidative stress. Forty-three non-dialyzed patients at the Nephrological Outpatients Clinic of Gdansk were enrolled and divided into two groups: (i) 20 patients with a mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 22.7 ml/min/1.73 m(2); and (ii) 23 patients with a mean eGFR of 12.4 ml/min/1.73 m(2). In both groups, the plasma concentrations of uremic toxins (Me2PY, Me4PY, creatinine), malonyldialdehyde (MDA) and carbonyl groups and the erythrocyte concentration of glutathione (GSH) were analyzed. Correlations between uremic toxins and oxidative stress markers were calculated using Pearson's correlation. We observed significant correlations between serum creatinine and Me2PY (r=0.68; p=0.00001), eGFR and Me2PY (r=-0.55; p=0.00001), Me4PY and serum creatinine (r=0.64, p=0.00001), Me4PY and eGFR (r=-0.59; p=0.00008), MDA and Me2PY (r=0.42; p=0.006), MDA and Me4PY (r=0.38; p=0.02), GSH and Me2PY (r=-0.37; p=0.02) and GSH and Me4PY (r=-0.46; p=0.005), and in particular in patients with severe renal impairment. We conclude that there is a relationship between the novel uremic toxins described and oxidative stress markers. However, elucidation of the exact pathogenetic links requires further detailed studies.
    Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology 02/2007; 41(3):243-8. · 1.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Apoptosis is induced not only during morphogenesis and embryogenesis but also under various pathological conditions, especially related to oxidative stress. Apoptotic cells are phagocytized by neighboring cells while necrotic cells cause local and general reactions sometimes lethal to our bodies. Data have been accumulated to demonstrate that the switch of the cell death mode from apoptosis to necrosis does occur. However, detailed mechanisms involved in the switch mechanism remain unsolved although decreases in the intracellular level of ATP and a burst in the cellular level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been proposed. Recently, we have shown that the population of apoptotic cells reaches maximum in human osteosarcoma 143B cells treated for 6h with menadione (MEN) while necrotic cells become predominant at 9h of the treatment. In the present study we have attempted to clarify the role of cellular ATP in the switch mechanism using rho(0) cells derived from human osteosarcoma rho+ cells. Results are summarized as follows: (1) Apoptotic and necrotic changes in rho(0) cells are much faster than rho+ cells after the treatment with MEN. (2) Cellular level of ATP in rho(0) cells remains essentially in the same level before and after the MEN-treatment while intracellular levels of superoxide continuously increase after the MEN-treatment. (3) rho+ cells treated with MEN in the presence of antimycin A plus oligomycin show similar changes to those of MEN-treated rho(0) cells. (4) MEN-induced increases in the cellular level of superoxide are distinctly suppressed by inhibitors of NADPH oxidase. These results suggest that the intracellular level of superoxide may be a key factor directly related to the switch mechanism from apoptosis to necrosis, and that decreases in cellular level of ATP accelerate both apoptotic and necrotic changes of the cells.
    Mitochondrion 01/2007; 7(1-2):119-24. · 4.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: TNP-470 is an acknowledged anti-angiogenic factor, and was studied clinically as an anti-cancer drug. We previously reported on an additional property of this molecule: the intracellular generation of reactive oxygen species in B16F10 melanoma cells. We showed that a massive generation of ROS occurred in the first few hours after treatment with TNP-470 and that this event was critical to subsequent cell death. In this study, we analyzed the process of cell death and noticed an atypical pattern of death markers. Some of these, such as DNA fragmentation or condensation of chromatin, were characteristic for programmed cell death, while others (the lack of phosphatidylserine flip-flop but permeability to propidium iodide, the maintenance of adhesion to the substratum, no change in mitochondrial transmembrane potential, no effect of the panspecific caspase inhibitor) rather suggested a necrotic outcome. We concluded that TNP-470 induced at least some pathways of programmed cell death. However, increasing damage to critical cell functions appears to cause a rapid switch into the necrotic mode. Our data is similar to that in other reports describing the action of ROS-generating agents. We hypothesize that this rapid programmed cell death/necrosis switch is a common scenario following free radical stress.
    Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters 02/2006; 11(3):384-95. · 1.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetic hearts are particularly vulnerable to ischemia-reperfusion injury during cardiac surgery. Application of carnitine derivatives could be beneficial not only because of metabolic effects but also by protecting vasculature. This study aimed to evaluate hemodynamic changes associated with propionyl-L-carnitine and L-carnitine administration and its correlation with biochemical markers of cardiac vascular function. Sixty-eight diabetic patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass coronary operation were given intravenously 20 mg/kg b.w. L-carnitine (LC), 24 mg/kg b.w. propionyl-L-carnitine (PC), or placebo (Cont). Endothelin and nucleotide metabolites were determined intraoperatively in arterial and coronary sinus blood and heart biopsies. Cardiac index at 6 and 12 h after cardiopulmonary bypass was significantly higher in PC (3.30 +/- 0.12 and 3.47 +/- 0.15 L/min/m2) as compared to Cont (2.92 +/- 0.13 and 2.91 +/- 0.16 L/min/m2; P = 0.04 and P = 0.01, respectively). Mean pulmonary artery pressure was lower in PC at 6 (20.8 +/- 0.91 mmHg) and 12 h (20.7 +/- 0.81 mmHg) in comparison to Cont (23.5 +/- 0.75 and 23.4 +/- 0.75 mmHg; P = 0.03 and P = 0.02, respectively). Trans-cardiac endothelin difference on reperfusion was higher in Cont (0.33 +/- 0.26 pmol/L) than in LC (-0.61 +/- 0.24 pmol/L, P = 0.012) and tended to be higher than in PC (-0.29 +/- 0.17 pmol/L, P = 0.056). Trans-cardiac hypoxanthine difference after 10 min reperfusion was significantly higher in Cont (6.22 +/- 1.08 micromol/L) in comparison to LC (3.17 +/- 0.66 micromol/L, P = 0.025) and PC (2.36 +/- 0.73 micromol/L, P = 0.006). Myocardial hypoxanthine concentration was lowest in PC. Significant improvement of hemodynamics following propionyl-L-carnitine administration in diabetic patients undergoing on-bypass coronary surgery was accompanied by reduced trans-cardiac endothelin difference and rapid hypoxanthine washout during reperfusion suggesting improvement of metabolism or vascular function.
    Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy 09/2005; 19(4):267-75. · 2.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It has been shown recently that African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) spermatozoa possess relatively low ATP content and low adenylate energy charge (AEC). One of the possible explanations for this phenomenon is that the spermatozoa actively catabolize adenine nucleotides. A relatively high rate of such catabolism could then contribute to the low ATP concentration and low adenylate energy charge observed in the spermatozoa in vitro. To check this hypothesis, we investigated ATP content and adenine nucleotide catabolism in African catfish spermatozoa stored at 4 degrees C in the presence of glycine as an energetic substrate. Our results indicate that the storage of African catfish sperm at 4 degrees C in the presence of glycine causes time-dependent ATP depletion. In contrast to ATP, the AMP content increases significantly during the same period of sperm storage, while the ADP increases only slightly. Moreover, a significant increase of inosine and hypoxanthine content was also found. Hypoxanthine was accumulated in the storage medium, but xanthine was found neither in spermatozoa nor in the storage medium. It indicates that hypoxanthine is not converted to xanthine, probably due to lack of xanthine oxidase activity in catfish spermatozoa. Present results suggest that adenine nucleotides may be converted to hypoxanthine according to the following pathway: ATP-->ADP-->AMP (adenosine/IMP)-->inosine-->hypoxanthine. Moreover, hypoxanthine seems to be the end product of adenine nucleotide catabolism in African catfish spermatozoa. In conclusion, our results suggest that a relatively high rate of adenine nucleotide catabolism contributes to the low ATP concentration and low adenylate energy charge observed in African catfish spermatozoa in vitro.
    Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 09/2004; 138(4):385-9. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In light of the existing knowledge platelets are not able to de novo synthesis of nucleotides. However single report exists about the possession by thrombocytes of the full enzymatic complex, which is essential to such synthesis. An aim of our study was the estimation of the platelets nucleotide pool of patients subjected to immunossuppresion therapy using azathioprine and mycophenolate mofetil, drugs known to block enzymes of de novo synthesis pathways. Fifty-nine patients enrolled to a study were divided to three groups: hemodialysed patients (n = 28), patients after kidney transplantation receiving azathioprine (n = 16) and kidney transplanted patients receiving mycophenolate mofetil (n = 16). Platelets nucleotides concentration was measured using HPLC. In the group of patients after the kidney transplantation receiving AZA concentration of adenine and guanine nucleotides in thrombocytes were statistically lower both with relation to hemodialysed as and with relation to the healthy group. Similarly platelets of patients after the kidney transplant receiving MMF characterized lower adenine and guanine nucleotides concentration comparatively to hemodialyzed patients. One showed also lower ADP, GDP and AMP concentration with relation to of the healthy volunteers. One from possible reasons of the obtainment of above results can be the possession by platelets enzymes, which are vital to de novo nucleotides synthesis.
    Polskie archiwum medycyny wewnȩtrznej 03/2004; 111(2):153-9. · 2.05 Impact Factor
  • Kardiologia polska 12/2003; 59 Suppl 2:II26-31. · 0.54 Impact Factor
  • Fritz H Bach, Ewa M Słomińska, Ryszard T Smoleński
    Kardiologia polska 12/2003; 59 Suppl 2:II17-25. · 0.54 Impact Factor
  • Kardiologia polska 12/2003; 59 Suppl 2:II87-90. · 0.54 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

107 Citations
42.74 Total Impact Points


  • 2004–2014
    • Medical University of Gdansk
      • Department of Physical Biochemistry
      Danzig, Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland
  • 2012
    • Eugeniusz Piasecki University School of Physical Education
      Posen, Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland