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Publications (2)13.79 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The extensive involvement of the HER kinases in epithelial cancer suggests that kinase inhibitors targeting this receptor family have the potential for broad spectrum antitumor activity. BMS-690514 potently inhibits all three HER kinases, and the VEGF receptor kinases. This report summarizes data from biochemical and cellular pharmacology studies, as well as antitumor activity of BMS-690514. The potency and selectivity of BMS-690514 was evaluated by using an extensive array of enzymatic and binding assays, as well as cellular assays that measure proliferation and receptor signaling. Antitumor activity was evaluated by using multiple xenograft models that depend on HER kinase signaling. The antiangiogenic properties of BMS-690514 were assessed in a matrigel plug assay, and effect on tumor blood flow was measured by dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI. BMS-690514 is a potent and selective inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), HER2, and HER4, as well as the VEGF receptor kinases. It inhibits proliferation of tumor cells with potency that correlates with inhibition of receptor signaling, and induces apoptosis in lung tumor cells that have an activating mutation in EGFR. Antitumor activity was observed with BMS-690514 at multiple doses that are well tolerated in mice. There was evidence of suppression of tumor angiogenesis and endothelial function by BMS-690514, which may contribute to its efficacy. By combining inhibition of two receptor kinase families, BMS-690524 is a novel targeted agent that disrupts signaling in the tumor and its vasculature.
    Clinical Cancer Research 06/2011; 17(12):4031-41. · 8.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tumor angiogenesis is a complex and tightly regulated network mediated by various proangiogenic factors. The fibroblast growth factor (FGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family of growth factors, and associated tyrosine kinase receptors have a major influence in tumor growth and dissemination and may work synergistically to promote angiogenesis. Brivanib alaninate is the orally active prodrug of brivanib, a selective dual inhibitor of FGF and VEGF signaling. Here, we show that brivanib demonstrates antitumor activity in a broad range of xenograft models over multiple dose levels and that brivanib alaninate shows dose-dependent efficacy equivalent to brivanib in L2987 human tumor xenografts. Brivanib alaninate (107 mg/kg) reduced tumor cell proliferation as determined by a 76% reduction in Ki-67 staining and reduced tumor vascular density as determined by a 76% reduction in anti-CD34 endothelial cell staining. Furthermore, Matrigel plug assays in athymic mice showed that brivanib alaninate inhibited angiogenesis driven by VEGF or basic FGF alone, or combined. Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging, used to assess the effects of brivanib alaninate on tumor microcirculation, showed a marked decrease in gadopentetate dimeglumine contrast agent uptake at 107 mg/kg dose, with a reduction in area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time 0 to 60 minutes at 24 and 48 hours of 54% and 64%, respectively. These results show that brivanib alaninate is an effective antitumor agent in preclinical models across a range of doses, and that efficacy is accompanied by changes in cellular and vascular activities.
    Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 02/2010; 9(2):369-78. · 5.60 Impact Factor