Haeryung Lee

Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (4)19.28 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A previous study showed that the EphA7 receptor regulates apoptotic cell death during early brain development. In this study, we provide evidence that the EphA7 receptor interacts with death receptors such as tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1) to decrease cell viability. We showed that ephrinA5 stimulates EphA7 to activate the TNFR1-mediated apoptotic signaling pathway. In addition, a pull-down assay using biotinylated ephrinA5-Fc revealed that ephrinA5-EphA7 complexes recruit TNFR1 to form a multi-protein complex. Immunocytochemical staining analysis showed that EphA7 was co-localized with TNFR1 on the cell surface when cells were incubated with ephrinA5 at low temperatures. Finally, both the internalization motif and death domain of TNFR1 was important for interacting with an intracytoplasmic region of EphA7; this interaction was essential for inducing the apoptotic signaling cascade. This result suggests that a distinct multi-protein complex comprising ephrinA5, EphA7, and TNFR1 may constitute a platform for inducing caspase-dependent apoptotic cell death.
    Molecules and Cells 05/2013; · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tiam-1 has been implicated in the development of the central nervous system. However, the in vivo function of Tiam-1 has not been fully determined in the developing mouse brain. In this study, we generated Tiam-1 knockout mice using a Tiam-1 gene-trapped embryonic stem cell line. Insertion of a gene trap vector into a genomic site downstream of exon 5 resulted in a mutant allele encoding a truncated protein fused with the β-geo LacZ gene. Primary mouse embryonic fibroblasts lacking Tiam-1 revealed a significant decrease in Rac activity and cell proliferation. In addition, whole-mount embryonic LacZ expression analysis demonstrated that Tiam-1 is specifically expressed in regions of the developing brain, such as the caudal telencephalon and rostral diencephalon. More importantly, mouse embryos deficient in Tiam-1 gene expression displayed a severe defect in embryonic brain development, including neural tube closure defects or a dramatic decrease in brain size. These findings suggest that embryonic Tiam-1 expression plays a critical role during early brain development in mice.
    Molecules and Cells 05/2012; 34(1):103-8. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endocytosis of Eph-ephrin complexes may be an important mechanism for converting cell-cell adhesion to a repulsive interaction. Here, we show that an endocytosis-defective EphA8 mutant forms a complex with EphAs and blocks their endocytosis in cultured cells. Further, we used bacterial artificial chromosome transgenic (Tg) mice to recapitulate the anterior>posterior gradient of EphA in the superior colliculus (SC). In mice expressing the endocytosis-defective EphA8 mutant, the nasal axons were aberrantly shifted to the anterior SC. In contrast, in Tg mice expressing wild-type EphA8, the nasal axons were shifted to the posterior SC, as predicted for the enhanced repellent effect of ephrinA reverse signalling. Importantly, Rac signalling was shown to be essential for EphA-ephrinA internalization and the subsequent nasal axonal repulsion in the SC. These results indicate that endocytosis of the Eph-ephrin complex is a key mechanism by which axonal repulsion is generated for proper guidance and topographic mapping.
    The EMBO Journal 02/2011; 30(8):1593-607. · 9.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We recently reported that the phosphotyrosine-binding (PTB) domain of Anks family proteins binds to EphA8, thereby positively regulating EphA8-mediated signaling pathways. In the current study, we identified a potential role for the SAM domains of Anks family proteins in EphA signaling. We found that SAM domains of Anks family proteins directly bind to ubiquitin, suggesting that Anks proteins regulate the degradation of ubiquitinated EphA receptors. Consistent with the role of Cbl ubiquitin ligases in the degradation of Eph receptors, our results revealed that the ubiquitin ligase c-Cbl induced the ubiquitination and degradation of EphA8 upon ligand binding. Ubiquitinated EphA8 also bound to the SAM domains of Odin, a member of the Anks family proteins. More importantly, the overexpression of wild-type Odin protected EphA8 and EphA2 from undergoing degradation following ligand stimulation and promoted EphA-mediated inhibition of cell migration. In contrast, a SAM domain deletion mutant of Odin strongly impaired the function of endogenous Odin, suggesting that the mutant functions in a dominant-negative manner. An analysis of Odin-deficient primary embryonic fibroblasts indicated that Odin levels play a critical role in regulating the stability of EphA2 in response to ligand stimulation. Taken together, our studies suggest that the SAM domains of Anks family proteins play a pivotal role in enhancing the stability of EphA receptors by modulating the ubiquitination process.
    Molecular and Cellular Biology 04/2010; 30(7):1582-92. · 5.04 Impact Factor