A W van Wijk

VU University Medical Center, Amsterdamo, North Holland, Netherlands

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Publications (5)14.52 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Aim Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)-patients with an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutation have median progression-free survival (PFS) of 12 months on tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Resistance is mediated by the EGFR T790M-mutation in the majority of patients. Longitudinal follow-up data are lacking. We retrospectively evaluated EGFR-mutated NSCLC-patients who were rebiopsied after TKI-treatment. A subgroup was sequentially rebiopsied along the course of the disease. Patients and methods Advanced EGFR-mutated NSCLC-patients who had both a pre-TKI biopsy and post-TKI biopsy available were included. Information on treatments and (re)biopsies was collected chronologically. Primary endpoint was incidence of T790M-mutation. Results Sixty-six patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. In first post-TKI biopsies, T790M-mutation was detected in 34 patients (52%) of patients. Twenty-seven patients had subsequent post-TKI rebiopsies with mutation analysis available; in 10 patients (37%) the T790M-status in subsequent post-TKI rebiopsies was not consistent with the T790M-status of the first post-TKI biopsy. Progression free survival (PFS) on TKI-treatment was 12.0 months. Objective response rate on TKI-treatment was 81%. Patients developing T790M-mutation at post-TKI biopsy had longer median PFS compared to T790M-negative patients (14.2 versus 11.1 months respectively (P = 0.034) and longer overall survival (45.9 months versus 29.8 months respectively (P = 0.213). Transformation to SCLC was detected in 1 patient (2%). Conclusion Incidence of T790M-mutation at first post-TKI biopsy in this cohort of EGFR-mutated NSCLC-patients was 50%. Detection of T790M-mutation was not consistent over time; some patients who were T790M-positive at first post-TKI biopsy became T790M-negative in later post-TKI rebiopsies and vice versa. T790M-positive patients showed longer PFS than T790M-negative patients. Whether the low incidence of transformation to SCLC is justifying post-TKI rebiopsy in EGFR-mutated NSCLC-patients with acquired TKI-resistance in regular clinical practice is debatable.
    Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 07/2014; · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 02/2014; · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are approved as treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Despite an initially impressive response to EGFR-TKIs, patients with an activating EGFR mutation invariably relapse. For these patients few treatment options are available after additional progression during or after chemotherapy. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of retreatment with an EGFR-TKI after a drug holiday. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 14 patients with stage IV NSCLC who progressed after long-term disease control with EGFR-TKI, who were subsequently treated with standard chemotherapy and at renewed progression retreated with EGFR-TKI. Fourteen patients (five male, nine female, median age 55 years (39-70 years) received retreatment with erlotinib. The median interval from the discontinuation of EGFR-TKI to the 2nd episode was 9.5 months (3-36 months). Before starting retreatment 36% (n=5) had a T790M mutation. Retreatment resulted in 36% (n=5) partial response, 50% stable disease (n=7) and 14% progressive disease (n=2). Among patients with a T790M mutation this number was two, one and two, respectively. Seven patients are still on therapy without signs of progression. Median follow up is 9 months (1.5-16+months) and median PFS is 6.5 months (1-16+months). Our findings suggest that retreatment with erlotinib is an option for patients with NSCLC who initially benefited from previous EGFR-TKI treatment and progressed after standard cytotoxic chemotherapy.
    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 07/2011; 47(17):2603-6. · 4.12 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Cancer - EUR J CANCER. 01/2011; 47:14-14.
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives were to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of pemetrexed and cisplatin with concurrent radiotherapy. Secondary objectives include incidence and nature of acute and late toxicities, tumor response and overall survival. Treatment naïve patients received 1 cycle of cisplatin 80 mg/m(2) in study I (stage III NSCLC), 75 mg/m(2) in study II (LD-SCLC) and pemetrexed 500 mg/m(2) before the phase I part. In study I, patients were treated in cohorts with escalating cisplatin doses (60-80 mg/m(2)), pemetrexed doses (400-500 mg/m(2)) and concurrent escalating radiotherapy doses (66 Gy in 33-27 fractions). In study II, patients were treated with cisplatin 75 mg/m(2) and escalating pemetrexed doses (400-500 mg/m(2)) with concurrent escalating radiotherapy doses (50-62 Gy). The trials closed prematurely: study I because of poor accrual, study II because of sponsor decision. Thirteen patients were treated: 4 with NSCLC, 9 with LD-SCLC. No dose-limiting toxicity was observed. There was no grade 4 toxicity, grade 3 hematological toxicity was mild. One patient developed grade 3 acute esophagitis, but was able to complete radiotherapy without delay. Two patients experienced grade 2 late pulmonary toxicity, 1 complete response, 6 partial responses and 1 progressive disease were observed. Although the studies stopped too early to assess MTD, we have demonstrated that the combination of cisplatin and pemetrexed with concurrent radiotherapy up to 66 Gy (33 x 2 Gy) is well tolerated and this new combination shows activity in NSCLC. Pemetrexed is the first 3rd generation cytotoxic found to be tolerable at full dose with concurrent radiotherapy.
    Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 09/2010; 69(3):302-6. · 3.14 Impact Factor