[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recent advances in molecular dynamics (MD) simulation methods and in available computational resources have allowed for more reliable simulations of biological phenomena. From all-atom MD simulations, we are now able to visualize in detail the interactions between antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) and a variety of membrane mimics. This helps us to understand the molecular mechanisms of antimicrobial activity and toxicity. This chapter describes how to set up and conduct molecular dynamics simulations of AMPs and membrane mimics. Details are given for the construction of systems of interest for studying AMPs, which can include simulations of peptides in water, micelles, or lipid bilayers. Explanations of the parameters needed for running a simulation are provided as well.
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.) 01/2010; 618:267-85.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this paper, the N-terminus of glycoprotein-41, the HIV-1 fusion peptide, was studied by molecular dynamics simulations in an explicit sodium dodecyl sulfate micelle. The simulation provides a detailed picture of the equilibrium structure and peptide stability as it interacts with the micelle. The equilibrium location of the peptide shows the peptide at the surface of the micelle with hydrophobic residues interacting with the micelle's core. At equilibrium, the peptide adopts an alpha-helical structure from residues 5-16 and a type-1 beta-turn from 17-20 with the other residues exhibiting more flexible conformations. The primary hydrophobic interactions with the micelle are from the leucine and phenylalanine residues (Leu-7, Phe-8, Leu-9, Phe-11, Leu-12) while the alanine and glycine residues (Ala-1, Gly-3, Gly-5, Ala-6, Gly-10, Gly-13, Ala-14, Ala-15, Gly-16, Gly-10, Ala-21) interact favorably with water molecules. The results suggest that Phe-8, part of the highly conserved FLG motif of the fusion peptide, plays a key role in the interaction of the peptide with membranes. Our simulations corroborate experimental investigations of the fusion peptide in SDS micelles, providing a high-resolution picture that explains the experimental findings.
Journal of Peptide Science 05/2005; 11(4):215-24. · 2.07 Impact Factor