Publications (2)7.58 Total impact
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In mechanically ventilated preterm infants, the combination of immaturity, volutrauma, oxidative stress, and inflammatory processes can lead to chronic lung injury. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is more susceptible to oxidative damage than nuclear DNA. We aimed to investigate the level of mtDNA damage (deletions, mutations and changes in copy number) in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells from 10 preterm infants (27-30 weeks). A first BAL (BAL1) was done within 24 h of endotracheal intubation and BAL2 was performed 30-103 h thereafter. Deletions were analyzed by long range PCR, point mutations by heteroduplex analysis of the D-loop region, and copy number changes by real-time PCR. Using these methods, no deletions were found in any of the BAL samples. When BAL1 and BAL2 samples were compared no new mutations were found. In contrast, a marked decrease in mtDNA copy number was observed in 5 patients. In conclusion, we found that exposure of preterm infants to short term mechanical ventilation did not lead to detrimental consequences for the mtDNA in the form of mutations or deletions.Frontiers in bioscience (Elite edition) 01/2010; 2:361-8.
Article: A MELAS-associated ND1 mutation causing leber hereditary optic neuropathy and spastic dystonia.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To report a novel mutation that is associated with Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) within the same family affected by spastic dystonia. Leber hereditary optic neuropathy is a mitochondrial disorder characterized by isolated central visual loss. Of patients with LHON, 95% carry a mutation in 1 of 3 mitochondrial DNA-encoded complex I genes. The complete mitochondrial DNA was screened for mutations in a patient with LHON without 1 of these 3 primary mutations. The heteroplasmy level and biochemical consequence of the mutation were determined. A pathogenic 3697G>A/ND1 mutation was detected and seemed associated with an isolated complex I deficiency. This family has similar clinical characteristics as the previously described families with LHON and dystonia with an ND6 mutation. The 3697G>A/ND1 mitochondrial DNA mutation causes the LHON and spastic dystonia phenotype in the same family. This mutation can also cause MELAS syndrome (which encompasses mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke), and other genetic factors may contribute to the clinical expression.Archives of Neurology 06/2007; 64(6):890-3. · 7.58 Impact Factor