S Ramakrishna

International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad, Hyderābād, State of Andhra Pradesh, India

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Publications (2)8.02 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Transannular Diels-Alder (TADA) reactions that occur between the diene and dienophile moieties located on a single macrocyclic triene molecule have been recognized as effective synthetic routes toward realizing complex tricyclic molecules in a single step. In this paper, we report a comprehensive study on the TADA reactions of 14-membered cyclic triene macrocycles to yield A.B.C[6.6.6] tricycles using quantum chemical methods and using classical molecular dynamics simulations. A benchmark study has been performed to examine the reliability of the commonly used ab initio methods and hybrid density functional levels of theory in comparison with results from CCSD(T) calculations to accurately model TADA reactions. The energy barriers obtained using the M06-2X functional were found to be in quantitative agreement with the CCSD(T) level of theory using a reasonably large basis set. Conformational properties of the reactants have been systematically studied using extensive molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. For this purpose, model systems were conceived, and force field parameters corresponding to the dihedral terms in the potential energy function were obtained. Linear relationship between the activation energies corresponding to the TADA reactions and the probability of finding the reactant in certain conformational states was obtained. A clustering method along with optimizations at the molecular mechanics and density functional M06-2X levels has been used to locate the most stable conformation of each of the trienes.
    The Journal of Organic Chemistry 06/2012; 77(12):5371-80. DOI:10.1021/jo300812q · 4.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Identification of the structural and energetic determinants responsible for enhancing the stability of proteins is crucial. Hyperthermophilic proteins are naturally occurring proteins that exhibit high thermal stability and are good candidates for the investigation and understanding of structure-stability relationships. Sac7d from Sulfolobus acidocaldarius and Sso7d from Sulfolobus solfactaricus are two homologous hyperthermophilic proteins that were shown to be quite stable at high temperatures. Molecular dynamics simulations at the nanosecond time scale at different temperatures were performed to examine the factors affecting their stability. The three-dimensional structures of these proteins were observed to be similar to the experimental structure at 300 and 360 K but were found to undergo denaturation at 500 K. Both proteins exhibit similar unfolding pathways that correlates well with the calculated intermolecular interaction energies. The differential dynamic behaviors of these molecules at different temperatures were examined. Structural and energetic analysis of the contributions of salt bridges indicates a stabilizing effect at higher temperatures. However, the lifetimes of the salt bridges were found to be quite short, and several new salt bridges formed at 500 K supporting previous studies that the desolvation penalty due to the formation of salt bridges decreases at elevated temperatures. Hydrophobic interactions, which decrease with increase in temperature, were also found to be crucial in the stability of these proteins. Overall, the study shows that a balance among the salt bridge interactions, hydrophobic interactions, and solvent properties is primarily responsible for the high thermal stability of this class of proteins.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 02/2010; 114(4):1707-18. DOI:10.1021/jp909122x · 3.38 Impact Factor