ABSTRACT: Although studies involving the circadian response to external time cues indicate that the peripheral clocks are dominated mainly by food cues, whether and how changes in the light and food cues affect the circadian rhythm of the renal clock is still largely unknown. In the present study, we found that the circadian phases of Bmal1, Clock, Cry1, Per1, and Per2 were altered differently by the stimuli of food and light cues in the kidney. After the individual reversal of the light-dark (LD) cycle for 7 days, Per1 displayed a 4-h phase delay, whereas the peak phases of Bmal1, Clock, Cry1 and Per2 almost remained the same as those in the control condition. With regard to the feeding-induced circadian resetting of the renal clock, we found that the resetting processes of clock genes could not be completed within 7 days, suggesting a weak synchronization effect of the food cue on the renal circadian clock. Moreover, the reentrainment of the clock genes was greatly enhanced after the reversal of both the feeding schedule and the LD cycle. Noticeably, the phases of Per1 and Clock were shifted most rapidly by 12 h within 3 days after the simultaneous reversal of the feeding schedule and the LD cycle, whereas their peak phases were only shifted by 4 h and 8 h, respectively, on the 7th day after the individual reversal of the feeding schedule. Thus Per1 and Clock may play important roles in the light-induced resetting of the circadian rhythms in the kidney.
AJP Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology 03/2010; 298(3):R635-41. · 3.34 Impact Factor