ABSTRACT: To evaluate whether the single-layer closure as is a routine by the Misgav-Ladach method compared to the double-layer closure as used by the Dörfler cesarean method is associated with an increased risk of uterine rupture in the subsequent pregnancy and delivery.
The analysis is retrospective and is based on medical documentation of the Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics, University Clinical Centre, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina. All patients with one previous cesarean section who attempted vaginal birth following cesarean section were managed from 1 January 2002 to 31 December 2008. Exclusion criteria included multiple gestation, greater than one previous cesarean section, previous incision other than low transverse, gestational age at delivery less than 37 weeks and induction of delivery. We identified 448 patients who met inclusion criteria.
We found that 303 patients had a single-layer closure (Misgav-Ladach) and 145 had a double-layer closure (Dörffler) of the previous uterine incision. There were 35 cases of uterine rupture. Of those patients with previous single-layer closure, 5.28% (16/303) had a uterine rupture compared to 13.11% (19/145) in the double-layer closure group (p<0.05).
We have not found that a Misgav-Ladach cesarean section method (single-layer uterine closure) might be more likely to result in uterine rupture in women who attempted a vaginal birth after a previous cesarean delivery. This cesarean section method should find its confirmation in everyday clinical practice.
The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine: the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians 10/2010; 23(10):1156-9. · 1.36 Impact Factor