[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It is important to be aware of mesenteric venous variants to perform peripancreatic surgery. We investigated the usefulness of 3-dimensional (3-D) portography.
Vessels were reconstructed using computer software in 102 patients undergoing multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) scheduled for gastrointestinal or hepatobiliary-pancreatic surgery.
The superior mesenteric vein (SMV) was composed of single and double trunks around the splenoportal confluence in 78 and 24 patients, respectively. The inferior mesenteric vein joined the splenic vein (68.5%), SMV (18.5%), and splenoportal confluence (7.6%). The left gastric vein joined the splenic vein (46.3%), portal vein (39.0%), and splenoportal confluence (14.7%). Seventy-nine patients showed a gastrocolic trunk, mostly composed of the right gastroepiploic vein and veins from the colonic hepatic flexure. Intraoperative findings were identical to 3-D diagnosis in 68 gastrectomized and 9 pancreatectomized patients.
Although mesenteric venous tributaries are complex, 3-D portography is helpful for surgeons to safely perform peripancreatic surgery.
American journal of surgery 07/2010; 200(1):15-22. · 2.36 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a case of postoperative bile leakage that was successfully managed by intrabiliary ethanol ablation. A 68-year-old man with peritoneal and liver metastases from a jejunal gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), which were refractory to molecular-targeted agents, underwent extended left lobectomy and peritoneal tumor resection. Bile leakage from the drainage tube persisted at a constant volume of 100 ml per day. On the 20th postoperative day, fistulography through a drainage tube and endoscopic cholangiography revealed biliary leakage from the bile ducts of segments 5 and 1. Since these bile ducts did not communicate with the proximal hilar bile ducts, two 5F balloon catheters were separately advanced into the leaking bile ducts via the drainage tube on day 30, and 1 ml absolute ethanol was injected into both of these catheters for 10 minutes. After three sessions of ethanol ablation, the bile leakage stopped. Although the bile leakage from segment 1 relapsed five days later, it gradually decreased and then stopped again until day 70. Intrabiliary ethanol ablation using the interventional technique is useful for managing bile leakage after hepatectomy when the leaking distal bile duct is isolated from the proximal biliary tree.