ABSTRACT: To compare the glycemic variability of insulin detemir and insulin glargine in type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients.
15 type 1 and 14 type 2 diabetic patients receiving intensive insulin therapy with insulin glargine were enrolled. Before and after switching insulin glargine to insulin detemir, we assessed fasting glucose variability using the standard deviation (SD) and the coefficient of variance (CV) of self-monitored fasting blood sugar (FBS) levels.
The SD and CV values were significantly decreased in type 1 diabetes after switching the therapy, though there was no significant difference in type 2 diabetes. The frequency of hypoglycemia was decreased in type 1 diabetes and there was no change in type 2 diabetes. The changes of the CV value also showed significant positive correlation with fasting serum CPR levels in all patients and total insulin dose in type 1 diabetes. The changes of frequency of hypoglycemia showed significant positive correlation with total and basal insulin dose adjusted for body weight in type 1 diabetes.
The present study demonstrated lower within-subject variability of insulin detemir compared to insulin glargine, suggesting that the basal insulin replacement with insulin detemir may provide a useful therapeutic strategy for uncontrolled type 1 diabetes with high glucose variability.
Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes 05/2010; 118(5):320-4. · 1.69 Impact Factor