ABSTRACT: We encountered three cases of lung disorders caused by drowning in the recent large tsunami that struck following the Great East Japan Earthquake. All three were females, and two of them were old elderly. All segments of both lungs were involved in all the three patients, necessitating ICU admission and endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation. All three died within 3 weeks. In at least two cases, misswallowing of oil was suspected from the features noted at the time of the detection. Sputum culture for bacteria yielded isolation of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Legionella pneumophila, Burkholderia cepacia, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The cause of tsunami lung may be a combination of chemical induced pneumonia and bacterial pneumonia.
Journal of Anesthesia 11/2011; 26(2):246-9. · 0.83 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The authors examined whether (1)H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) can identify damage to the centrum semiovale in the subacute phase after CO exposure.
Subjects comprised 29 adult patients who were treated with hyperbaric oxygenation within a range of 4-95 h (mean 18.7 h) after CO exposure. Subjects were classified into three groups according to clinical behaviours: Group A, patients with transit acute symptoms only; Group P, patients with persistent neurological symptoms; and Group D, patients with 'delayed neuropsychiatric sequelae' occurring after a lucid interval. MRS of bilateral centrum semiovale was performed 2 weeks after CO inhalation for all patients and 13 healthy volunteers. The mean ratios of choline-containing compounds/creatine ((mean)Cho/Cr) and N-acetylaspartate/Cr ((mean)NAA/Cr) for bilateral centrum semiovale were calculated and compared between the three CO groups and controls. Myelin basic protein (MBP) concentration in cerebrospinal fluid was examined at 2 weeks to evaluate the degree of demyelination in patients.
MBP concentration was abnormal for almost all patients in Groups P and D, but was not abnormal for any Group A patients. The (mean)Cho/Cr ratios were significantly higher in Groups P and D than in Group A. No significant difference in (mean)NAA/Cr ratio was seen between the three pathological groups and controls. A significant correlation was identified between MBP and (mean)Cho/Cr ratio.
These results suggest that the Cho/Cr ratio in the subacute phase after CO intoxication represents early demyelination in the centrum semiovale, and can predict chronic neurological symptoms.
Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry 01/2011; 82(8):869-75. · 4.87 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Chronic neuropsychiatric symptoms after carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning are caused by demyelination of cerebral white matter fibers. We examined whether diffusion tensor imaging can sensitively represent damage to fibers of the centrum semiovale in the subacute phase after CO intoxication.
Subjects comprised 13 adult patients with CO poisoning, classified into three groups according to clinical behaviors: group A, patients with transit acute symptoms only; group P, patients with persistent neurological symptoms; and group D, patients with "delayed neuropsychiatric sequelae" occurring after a lucid interval. Median fractional anisotropy (FA) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of the centrum semiovale bilaterally at 2 weeks were compared between these groups and a control group of ten healthy volunteers. Myelin basic protein (MBP) concentration in cerebrospinal fluid was examined at 2 weeks to evaluate the degree of demyelination in patients.
MBP concentration was abnormal or detectable for all group P and group D patients but was undetectable for all patients assigned to group A. Low FA values in groups P and D displaying chronic neurological symptoms clearly differed from those in controls and group A without chronic neurological symptoms, but ADC showed no significant differences between patient groups.
MBP concentration at 2 weeks after CO inhalation confirmed a certain extent of demyelination in the central nervous system of patients who would develop chronic neurological symptoms. In these patients, FA sensitively represented damage to white matter fibers in the centrum semiovale in the subacute phase after CO intoxication.
Neuroradiology 08/2010; 52(8):735-43. · 2.82 Impact Factor