[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Solitary pancreatic metastasis of esophageal cancer is extremely rare. We report the case of a 58-year-old male admitted with esophageal cancer. Additional asymptomatic solitary hepatic and pancreatic masses were observed in the staging work-up for esophageal cancer. The hepatic mass was confirmed as a primary hepatocellular carcinoma with an ultrasound-guided needle biopsy. An esophagectomy with a distal pancreatectomy and radiofrequency ablation for hepatocellular carcinoma were performed. Histologically, the pancreatic mass was confirmed to be a metastasis from the esophageal cancer. The patient has been followed up with chemotherapy.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND/AIM: As the prevalence of reflux esophagitis increases, so does the use of gastric acid suppressants. This study aimed to document the prevalence of Candida esophagitis (CE) at a single Korean university hospital over the last 5 years and to evaluate its risk factors. METHODS: To investigate the prevalence of CE, we conducted a retrospective analysis of 55,314 individuals who underwent a screening esophagogastroduodenoscopy as part of a health check-up between January 2006 and December 2010 at Kyung Hee University Hospital in Seoul, Korea. A total of 250 patients who were treated for CE between January 2008 and August 2011 and 500 age- and sex-matched non-CE patients were enrolled in this study. The rates of recent gastric acid suppression therapy and other well-known risk factors in the two groups were compared. RESULTS: The prevalence of CE was 0.35 % and increased each year (linear-by-linear association, P = 0.001). Univariate analysis showed that gastric acid suppression therapy, malignancy, DM and steroid therapy were related to CE. Multivariate analysis also showed that gastric acid suppression therapy (OR 5.11, 95 % CI 2.92-8.93 and P < 0.001), malignancy (OR 18.68, 95 % CI 6.37-54.75 and P < 0.001), DM (OR 2.67, 95 % CI 1.70-4.21 and P < 0.001) and steroids therapy (OR 6.74, 95 % CI 1.37-33.05 and P = 0.019) were related to CE. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of CE in Korea is increasing. Also, our results indicate that acid suppression therapy is a meaningful risk factor for CE.
Digestive Diseases and Sciences 01/2013; · 2.26 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Vaccination against hepatitis B virus (HBV) is recommended for health care workers (HCWs), but it is not clear whether HBV vaccination is required for HCWs who have isolated antibody to hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc), or whether prevaccination screening for anti-HBc is needed in HCWs. Among 1812 HCWs, subjects with isolated anti-HBc and those with no HBV markers (control) were screened. The anamnestic response (antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen over 50 mIU/mL after the first vaccine injection) was compared prospectively between the two groups. The prevalence of isolated anti-HBc was 2.3%. Their anamnestic response was lower than that of controls (27.5% vs. 46.9%, P=0.020). The subjects who had isolated anti-HBc were older and predominantly male, compared with the controls. Multivariate analysis revealed that age (odds ratio [OR], 0.67; confidence interval [CI], 0.51-0.90) and prior vaccination (OR, 3.36; CI, 2.04-5.54) were independent predictors of the anamnestic response, regardless of the anti-HBc status. Serum HBV DNA was not detected in any subject. Anti-HBs seroconversion was achieved in most of the anti-HBc-positive subjects after full vaccination, and the rate was comparable with controls (89.5% vs. 96.6%, P=0.067). Isolated anti-HBc-positive HCWs are rare and most of them respond to vaccination. Anti-HBc testing is not a prerequisite for vaccination. This serology suggests a loss of acquired anti-HBs rather than occult HBV infection. Their reduced immunity to vaccination may be related to old age.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the most common cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) worldwide. This study investigated the antineoplastic effects of intrinsic and extrinsic peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) ligands against HBV-associated HCC cells in vitro. Four cell lines that were established from patients with HBV-associated HCC were used. The cells were cultured in various concentrations of the following PPARgamma ligands: troglitazone, pioglitazone, rosiglitazone and 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ(2)). Cell proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis were analyzed. PPARgamma was expressed in all the cell lines studied. Among the PPARgamma ligands, pioglitazone and 15d-PGJ(2) clearly inhibited the HBV-associated HCC cell growth and increased the proportion of cells in the sub-G1 phase in the cell-cycle analysis. In apoptosis assays, DNA fragments increased significantly, and the activities of caspase-3 and -9 also increased. A pan-caspase inhibitor and a caspase-3 inhibitor suppressed the PPARgamma ligand-induced apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. These two PPARgamma ligands decreased the expression of bcl-2 in most of the cell lines studied. The results suggest that pioglitazone and 15d-PGJ(2) have antineoplastic effects on HBV-associated HCC cells. Both of these PPARgamma ligands could be candidates for cancer prevention or the chemotherapy of HBV-associated HCC.
International Journal of Oncology 01/2010; 36(1):223-31. · 2.66 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the association between ineffective esophageal motility (IEM) and gastropharyngeal reflux disease (GPRD) in patients who underwent ambulatory 24-h dual-probe pH monitoring for the evaluation of supraesophageal symptoms.
A total of 632 patients who underwent endoscopy, esophageal manometry and ambulatory 24-h dual-pH monitoring due to supraesophageal symptoms (e.g. globus, hoarseness, or cough) were enrolled. Of them, we selected the patients who had normal esophageal motility and IEM. The endoscopy and ambulatory pH monitoring findings were compared between the two groups.
A total of 264 patients with normal esophageal motility and 195 patients with the diagnosis of IEM were included in this study. There was no difference in the frequency of reflux esophagitis and hiatal hernia between the two groups. All the variables showing gastroesophageal reflux and gastropharyngeal reflux were not different between the two groups. The frequency of GERD and GPRD, as defined by ambulatory pH monitoring, was not different between the two groups.
There was no association between IEM and GPRD as well as between IEM and GERD. IEM alone cannot be considered as a definitive marker for reflux disease.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 11/2008; 14(39):6030-5. · 2.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this paper, a noisy passive telemetry sensor system using Unscented Kalman Filter (UKF) is proposed. To overcome these trouble problems such as a power limitation and a estimation complexity that the general passive telemetry sensor system including IC chip has, the principle of inductive coupling was applied to the modelling of a passive telemetry sensor system (PTSS) and its noisy capacitive parameter was estimated by the UKF algorithm. Specially, to show the effective tracking performance of the UKF, we compared with the tracking performance of Recursive Least Square Estimation (RLSE) using linearization.
Future generation communication and networking (fgcn 2007); 01/2008
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cystic lymphangioma of the gallbladder is quite a rare tumor with only a few cases having been reported in the literature. We describe here a rare case of cystic lymphangioma of the gallbladder, which was unusual in that the patient presented with biliary pain and an abnormal liver test. Ultrasonography and computed tomography of the abdomen showed a multi-septated cystic mass in the gallbladder fossa and an adjacent compressed gallbladder. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography showed there was no communication between the bile tract and the lesion, and there were no other abnormal findings with the exception of a laterally compressed gallbladder. After performing endoscopic sphincterotomy, a small amount of sludge was released from the bile duct. The histological findings were consistent with a cystic lymphangioma originating from the subserosal layer of the gallbladder. This unusual clinical presentation of a gallbladder cystic lymphangioma was attributed to biliary sludge, and this was induced by gallbladder dysfunction that was possibly from compression of the gallbladder due to the mass.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 10/2007; 22(3):197-200.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The effectiveness of combination therapy with conventional or pegylated interferon alpha and ribavirin in patients with chronic hepatitis C is well understood. However, the profound investigation about complications of the treatment has been rarely reported in Korea, where patients have broader spectrum of disease manifestations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and complications of the combination therapy of interferon alpha and ribavirin in patients with chronic hepatitis C.
Two hundred and forty patients with chronic hepatitis C were included. All patients were treated with interferon alpha (3 million units thrice a week) in combination with ribavirin (800-1,200 mg, depending on body weight). Patients were treated for 6 or 12 months according to the genotypes (genotype 1; 12 months, non-1; 6 months). We retrospectively evaluated ETR (end of treatment response) and SVR (sustained virologic response) on the basis of intent-to-treat in patients completing the therapy.
In 154 patients who had completed the therapy, ETR was 79.2% and SVR was 61.0%. Multivariate analysis showed that genotype and early virologic response at 3 months of treatment were independent predictive factors of SVR. Due to insufficient response, 11.3% of the patients discontinued the therapy. In addition, 24.5% of the patients prematurely discontinued the therapy due to adverse events including aggravated liver function (15.4%), failure to return (7.9%), and others (1.2%). Dose modifications of interferon alpha or ribavirin were required due to anemia (15.4%), neutropenia (8.8%), or thrombocytopenia (4.6%).
The overall SVR of patients who had completed the combination therapy with interferon alpha and ribavirin was 61.0%. However, about one third of the patients discontinued the therapy prematurely due to insufficient response, adverse events and/or noncompliance.
The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi 04/2007; 49(3):166-72.