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Article: [Vicissitude of antibiotic sensitivity of Gram negative bacilli in patients with infection in emergency departments in Beijing during 2005 to 2007].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To investigate changes in antibiotic sensitivity of Gram negative bacilli infections among emergency patients in large hospitals in Beijing during 2005 to 2007. Retrospective analysis of all the identified strains of Gram negative bacilli, and their sensitivity to antibiotic obtained in the emergency departments of 5 top first-class hospitals in Beijing for recent 3 years. Two thousand two hundred and eighty-five strains of Gram negative bacilli had taken 64.62% of all, the priority 5 of which were Pseudomonas aeruginosa (23.89%), Escherichia coli (19.91%), Acinetobacter baumanii (17.59%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (8.05%) and Staphylococcus maltophilia (3.94%). The sensitivity of commonly used antibiotics plummeted greatly in recent 3 years, especially carbapenems, cephalosporins and quinolones. The resistance of imipenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa was 17.30%, 22.53%, 31.92% respectively. The resistance of imipenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumanii was 13.87%, 12.09%, 23.56% respectively. Infectious bacteria in emergency departments in Beijing top first-class hospitals tend to show the characteristics of hospital infection. In recent years, the sensitivity of bacilli to antibiotic has dropped greatly. The situation of antibiotics resistance might be depressed.Zhongguo wei zhong bing ji jiu yi xue = Chinese critical care medicine = Zhongguo weizhongbing jijiuyixue 12/2009; 21(12):738-41.