ABSTRACT: In this study, we have identified a secreted 13 kDa lectin from Mtb (Mtb, Mycobacterium tuberculosis; sMTL-13) by homology search of a non-redundant lectin database. Bioinformatic analysis revealed that sMTL-13 belongs to the ricin-type beta-trefoil family of proteins containing a Sec-type signal peptide present in Mtb complex species, but not in non-tuberculous mycobacteria. Following heterologous expression of sMTL-13 and generation of an mAb (clone 276.B7/IgG1kappa), we confirmed that this lectin is present in culture filtrate proteins from Mtb H37Rv, but not in non-tuberculous mycobacteria-derived culture filtrate proteins. In addition, sMTL-13 leads to an increased IFN-gamma production by PBMC from active tuberculosis (ATB) patients. Furthermore, sera from ATB patients displayed high titers of IgG Ab against sMTL-13, a response found to be decreased following successful anti-tuberculosis therapy. Together, our findings reveal a secreted 13 kDa ricin-like lectin from Mtb, which is immunologically recognized during ATB and could serve as a biomarker of disease treatment.
European Journal of Immunology 12/2009; 40(3):744-53. · 5.10 Impact Factor