Wan-Qin Jin

Nanjing University of Technology, Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China

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Publications (4)20.16 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: PDMS/ceramic composite membrane was directly integrated with acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation using Clostridium acetobutylicum XY16 at 37 °C and in situ removing ABE from fermentation broth. The membrane was integrated with batch fermentation, and approximately 46 % solvent was extracted. The solvent in permeates was 118 g/L, and solvent productivity was 0.303 g/(L/h), which was approximately 33 % higher compared with the batch fermentation without in situ recovery. The fed-batch fermentation with in situ recovery by pervaporation continued for more than 200 h, 61 % solvent was extracted, and the solvent in penetration was 96.2 g/L. The total flux ranged from 0.338 to 0.847 kg/(m(2)/h) and the separation factor of butanol ranged from 5.1 to 27.1 in this process. The membrane was fouled by the active fermentation broth, nevertheless the separation performances were partially recovered by offline membrane cleaning, and the solvent productivity was increased to 0.252 g/(L/h), which was 19 % higher compared with that in situ recovery process without membrane cleaning.
    Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering 03/2012; 35(7):1057-65. · 1.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A low-dimensional compound [C(6)-Apy][Ni(mnt)(2)] (1, where mnt(2-) = maleonitriledithiolate, C(6)-Apy(+) = 4-amino-1-hexylpyridinium) has been designed and synthesized, which has layer arrangement of anions and cations and shows two steps of magnetic transitions. The low temperature magnetic transition has an uncommon hysteresis loop, while the crystal structure investigations disclosed no structural transition with the magnetic transition. The high temperature magnetic transition exhibits two remarkable features: (1) it synchronously occurs with a crystalline-to-mesophase transition in the first heating process and (2) the structural changes that accompany the solid-mesophase transition are irreversible. A diamagnetic and isostructural compound, [C(6)-Apy][Cu(mnt)(2)], is further characterized by structure, DSC and POM techniques, which revealed also the existence of an irreversible crystalline-to-mesophase transition in the same temperature interval of [C(6)-Apy][Ni(mnt)(2)]. Therefore, the high-temperature magnetic transition in 1 is driven by release of the structural strains, but not magnetoelastic interactions. The mesophase exhibits the characteristic of smectic A phase, and the alkyl chain melting in the cation layers probably lead to the formation of mesophase. It is noticeable that the finding of a mesophase occurring in a hexyl hydrocarbon chain molecular system is in contrast to a suggested rule that at least a dodecyl chain is required. Our results will shed a light on the design and preparation of a new low-dimensional molecular system combining magnetic transition and liquid crystal properties.
    Dalton Transactions 03/2011; 40(14):3622-30. · 3.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Eight inorganic-organic hybrid compounds with a formula of [R-Bz-1-APy][PbI(3)] (R-Bz-1-APy(+) = mono-substituted benzylidene-1-aminopyridinium Schiff base derivative; R = m-CN (1), m-CH(3) (2), H (3), p-F (4), p-Cl (5), p-Br (6), o-Cl (7), o-Br (8)) have been synthesized and characterized structurally. The common characteristic of the crystal structures of 1-8 is that the inorganic components form straight and face-sharing octahedral [PbI(3)](∞) chains and the Schiff base cations surround the [PbI(3)](∞) chains to form molecular stacks. The substituent (R) on the phenyl ring of the Schiff base cation clearly influences the packing structures of 1-8, and the hybrid compound crystallizes in the space group P6(3) when R = CN (1) in the meta-position of the phenyl ring, and in a central symmetric space group when R is in the ortho- or para-position of the phenyl ring. The conformation of the Schiff base cation is related to the R position, and the dihedral angle between the phenyl and pyridyl rings increases in the order of para- < meta- < ortho-position substitution of the phenyl ring. The long molecular axis of the Schiff base cation adopts a manner approximately parallel to the straight inorganic [PbI(3)](∞) chain in the para-substituted hybrid compounds, and perpendicular to the straight inorganic [PbI(3)](∞) chain in the ortho-substituted hybrid compounds. 1 is second harmonic generation (SHG) active with a comparable response as that of urea and also exhibits ferroelectricity with larger P(s) and P(r) values; 1-8 emit multi-band luminescence in the 300-650 nm regions under the excitation of ultraviolet light.
    Dalton Transactions 02/2011; 40(8):1672-83. · 3.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Four isostructural inorganic-organic hybrid ferroelectric compounds, assembled from achiral 3-R-benzylidene-1-aminopyridiniums (R = NO(2), Br, Cl, or F for 1-4, respectively) and [PbI(3)](-) anions with the chiral Kagomé-shaped tubular aggregating architecture, show larger spontaneous polarizations.
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 12/2009; 132(1):18-9. · 10.68 Impact Factor