Yu-Chih Chen

Tzu Chi University, Hua-lien, Taiwan, Taiwan

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Publications (10)19.11 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Osteoprotegerin (OPG) has been implicated in the process of vascular stiffness. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between fasting serum OPG concentration and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (c-f PWV) in hypertensive patients. Fasting blood samples were obtained from 184 participants with or without hypertension. c-f PWV were performed by SphygmoCor system. Serum OPG levels were measured using a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Hypertensive patients who had diabetes had higher c-f PWV levels than those without diabetes (P=.031). The univariable linear regression analysis showed that age (P<.001), systolic blood pressure (P=.003), pulse pressure (r=0.287; P=.003), log-BUN (P=.011), Cre (P<.001), and log-OPG concentration (P<.001) were positively correlated with c-f PWV levels, while the glomerular filtration rate (P=.005) and HDL-C level (P=.024) was negatively correlated with c-f PWV levels among the hypertensive patients. Multivariable forward stepwise linear regression analysis of the significant variables also showed that log-OPG (β=0.312, regression coefficient: 1.736; 95% confidence interval, 0.809-2.663; P<.001) was still an independent predictor of c-f PWV levels in hypertensive patients. Serum OPG levels positively associated with c-f PWV levels in hypertensive patients.
    Journal of Clinical Hypertension 03/2014; · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Serum N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) was lower in the general population with metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between MetS and fasting serum NT-proBNP concentration in elderly persons. Fasting blood samples were obtained from 84 elderly volunteers aged 65 years or older. MetS and its components were defined using diagnostic criteria from the International Diabetes Federation. Thirty-eight elderly persons (45.2%) had MetS. Fasting NT-proBNP level was negatively correlated with MetS among elderly patients (p = 0.001). Univariate linear regression analysis showed that age (r = 0.338; p = 0.002) was positively correlated with fasting serum log-NT-proBNP levels, while height (r = -0.253; p = 0.020), body weight (r = -0.238; p = 0.029), waist circumference (r = -0.270; p = 0.013), body fat mass (r = -0.356; p = 0.002) and triglyceride (r = -0.291; p = 0.007) were negatively correlated with fasting serum log-NT-proBNP levels among the elderly persons. Multivariate forward stepwise linear regression analysis of the significant variables showed that age (R2 change = 0.114, p = 0.011), triglyceride (R2 change = 0.118, p < 0.001), body fat mass (R2 change = 0.084, p < 0.001), and height (R2 change = 0.101, p < 0.001) were the independent predictor of fasting serum log-NT-proBNP levels in elderly persons. NT-proBNP level is significantly reduced in elderly persons affected by MetS, and is significantly positively related to age, while negatively related to triglyceride, body fat mass, height in these subjects.
    Diabetology and Metabolic Syndrome 02/2014; 6(1):15. · 1.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Osteopontin (OPN) is involved in the regulation of vascular calcification processes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between fasting serum OPN concentration and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) in geriatric persons. Fasting blood samples were obtained from 93 geriatric persons. cfPWV were performed by SphygmoCor system. Serum OPN levels were measured using a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Geriatric adults who had diabetes (P = 0.007) or dyslipidemia (P = 0.029) had higher cfPWV levels than those without diabetes or dyslipidemia. The univariable linear regression analysis showed that age (P = 0.002), waist circumference (P = 0.048), body mass index (P = 0.004), systolic blood pressure (P = 0.001), diastolic blood pressure (P = 0.036), pulse pressure (P = 0.017), creatinine (P = 0.002), and log-OPN level (P = 0.001) were positively correlated with cfPWV levels, while the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-cholesterol) level (P = 0.007) and glomerular filtration rate (P = 0.001) were negatively correlated with cfPWV levels among the geriatric adults. Multivariable forward stepwise linear regression analysis of the significant variables also showed that log-OPN (β = 0.233, R (2) = 0.123, regression coefficient: 1.868, P = 0.011) was still an independent predictor of cfPWV levels in geriatric persons.
    BioMed Research International 01/2014; 2014:570698. · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is a potent lipolytic agent that acts in adipose tissue. Low levels of ANP might lead to reduced lipolysis and excessive weight gain, which could be one of the biological alterations that contribute to the development of obesity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between metabolic syndrome and fasting serum ANP concentrations in older adults. Fasting blood samples were obtained from 90 older adults. Metabolic syndrome and its components were defined using diagnostic criteria from the International Diabetes Federation. A total of 40 older adults (44.4%) had metabolic syndrome. Fasting ANP level was negatively correlated with metabolic syndrome (P = 0.015). Univariate linear regression analysis showed that high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P < 0.001) was positively correlated with serum logANP levels, whereas waist circumference (P = 0.001) and body fat mass (P = 0.002) were negatively correlated with fasting serum logANP levels. Multivariate forward stepwise linear regression analysis of the significant variables showed that high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (β = 0.419, R(2) = 0.268, P < 0.001) and body fat mass (β = -0.396, R(2) = 0.154, P = 0.002) were independent predictors of fasting serum logANP levels in geriatric persons. Serum ANP levels were reduced in geriatric persons affected by metabolic syndrome. Body fat mass and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were independent predictors of fasting serum ANP levels in older adults. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2013; ●●: ●●-●●.
    Geriatrics & Gerontology International 09/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: AIMS: Long-acting natriuretic peptide (LANP) is one of the peptide hormones in atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) pro-hormone. Low levels of natriuretic peptide may lead to reduced lipolysis and excessive weight gain in obese patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between fasting serum LANP level and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) among congestive heart failure (CHF) patients. METHODS: Fasting blood samples were obtained from 186 patients with normal renal function in cardiac clinic outpatients. CHF defined by the American College of Cardiology Foundation and the American Heart Association 2005 Guidelines. MetS and its components were defined using diagnostic criteria from the International Diabetes Federation. RESULTS: Ninety-eight patients (52.7%) had CHF. There was a tendency of increased fasting LANP levels as the NYHA CHF functional classes increased (p = 0.002). Forty-six of the CHF patients (46.9%) had MetS. Fasting LANP level negatively correlated with MetS among CHF patients (p < 0.001). Univariate linear regression analysis showed that BUN (p = 0.026) positively correlated with fasting serum LANP levels, while body weight (p = 0.009), BMI (p = 0.004), homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR; p = 0.024) and HOMA-beta (p = 0.001) negatively correlated with fasting serum LANP levels among the CHF patients. Multivariate forward stepwise linear regression analysis of the significant variables showed that the HOMA-beta (R2 change = 0.292, p < 0.001) and HOMA-IR (R2 change = 0.081, p = 0.019) were independent predictors of fasting serum LANP levels in CHF patients. CONCLUSIONS: LANP level is significantly reduced in CHF patients affected by MetS. HOMA-beta and HOMA-IR were independent predictors of serum LANP levels in CHF patients.
    Diabetology and Metabolic Syndrome 04/2013; 5(1):19. · 1.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Long-acting natriuretic peptide (LANP) is one of the peptide hormones in atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) prohormone. Its biological properties are blood pressure regulation, maintenance of plasma volume and anticancer effects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and fasting serum LANP concentration in hypertensive patients. METHODS: Fasting blood samples were obtained from 224 patients with or without hypertension. MetS and its components were defined using diagnostic criteria from the International Diabetes Federation. RESULTS: Eighty-eight hypertensive patients (59.5 %) had MetS. Hypertensive patients with MetS had higher body weight (p = 0.003), waist circumference (p = 0.003), body mass index (p = 0.002), triglyceride concentrations (p = 0.029), insulin levels (p = 0.001), HOMA-IR (p <0.003) and HOMA-β (p = 0.049) and lower HDL-C concentrations (p = 0.001), LANP levels (p = 0.012) than those without MetS. The univariable linear regression analysis showed that age (p = 0.038) and the BUN concentration (p = 0.022) were positively correlated with the serum LANP levels, whereas the insulin level (p = 0.001), HOMA-IR (p = 0.004), and HOMA-β (p = 0.001) were negatively correlated with the fasting serum LANP levels among the hypertensive patients. Multivariable forward stepwise linear regression analysis of the significant variables showed that the HOMA-β (β = -0.387, R(2) = 0.141, p <0.001) was an independent predictor of fasting serum LANP levels in hypertensive patients. CONCLUSIONS: LANP level is significantly reduced in hypertensive patients affected by MetS, and is negatively related to pancreatic beta cell function in hypertensive patients.
    Archives of medical research 03/2013; · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: C-reactive protein (CRP) is independent risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). Metabolic syndrome has been associated with an increased risk of CAD, as well as increased mortality from CAD. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between CRP and metabolic syndrome among CAD patients.
    Tzu Chi Medical Journal 12/2011;
  • Circulation Journal 02/2011; 75(5):1255-7. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hypoadiponectemia was observed to correlate with the prevalence or extent of coronary artery disease (CAD), the relationship between metabolic syndrome and fasting serum adiponectin concentration in CAD patients are not well elucidated. Fasting blood samples were obtained from 98 CAD patients. Metabolic syndrome and its components were defined using the diagnostic criteria of the International Diabetes Federation. Adiponectin concentrations were measured using a commercial enzyme immunoassay kit. Fifty patients with CAD (51.0%) had metabolic syndrome. For this group of patients, fasting adiponectin concentrations were found to correlate inversely with metabolic syndrome (p=0.009). Fasting adiponectin values for these subjects also tended to decrease as the number of diagnostic criteria for metabolic syndrome increased (p=0.024). CAD patients with hyperlipidemia (p=0.002), obesity (p=0.030) or receiving statin therapy (p=0.005) had lower serum adiponectin values. By univariate linear regression analysis, fasting serum adiponectin values were positively correlated with age (r=0.242; p=0.017) and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol concentration (HDL-cholesterol; r=0.267; p=0.008) but were negatively correlated with triglyceride concentration (TG; r=-0.251; p=0.013). Multivariate forward stepwise linear regression analysis of the significant variables revealed that HDL-cholesterol concentration (R square=0.071, p=0.008) and age (R square=0.039, p=0.044) are the independent predictors of fasting serum adiponectin concentration for patients with CAD. Serum adiponectin concentration is inversely correlated with metabolic syndrome and the number of metabolic syndrome criteria in patients with CAD. For these patients HDL-cholesterol concentration and age are independent predictors of the serum adiponectin value.
    Internal Medicine 01/2010; 49(8):739-47. · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The serum level of fatty-acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4) increases in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS), so the relationship between FABP4 and MetS among patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) was investigated in the present study. Fasting blood samples were obtained from 98 CAD patients. MetS and its components were defined using the diagnostic criteria of the International Diabetes Federation; 50 CAD patients (51.0%) had MetS. The fasting level of FABP4 positively correlated with MetS (P=0.037) and serum levels of FABP4 correlated with a number of MetS criteria (P=0.035). Univariate linear regression analysis showed that body fat mass (R=0.234; P=0.020) and the levels of triglycerides (R=0.348; P<0.001), and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (R=0.217; P=0.032) positively correlated with the serum level of FABP4, whereas the level of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (R=-0.243; P=0.016) negatively correlated with it. Multivariate forward stepwise linear regression analysis of the significant variables showed that the level of triglycerides (beta=0.348, R(2)=0.121, P<0.001) was the independent predictor of fasting serum level of FABP4. Among CAD patients in the present study, the fasting level of FABP4 positively correlated with MetS and serum levels of FABP4 correlated with a number of MetS criteria.
    Circulation Journal 12/2009; 74(2):327-31. · 3.58 Impact Factor