ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: We recently reported an association between the bother and severity of lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia and the severity of sleep disturbance. However, few studies have examined whether alterations in the severity of urinary symptoms influence the degree of sleep problems over time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The severity of lower urinary tract symptoms in men enrolled in CAMUS (Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Urological Symptoms), a clinical trial of saw palmetto (Serenoa repens), was evaluated using AUASI (American Urological Association symptom index) and quality of life scores. Sleep disturbance was evaluated by the Jenkins sleep scale at 0, 24, 48 and 72 weeks. Statistical analyses were used to assess the relationship(s) between changes in lower urinary tract symptoms and sleep disturbance. RESULTS: The baseline characteristics of the 339 men (172 placebo arm and 167 saw palmetto arm) enrolled in the CAMUS trial with assessment of sleep disturbance and urinary symptoms were similar. There were no differences between improvements in the severity of sleep disturbance or urinary symptoms between the 2 experimental arms. Combined analyses of the entire cohort revealed significant associations (p <0.001) between the AUASI score and sleep disturbance severity with time. Multivariate analyses demonstrated that improvements in lower urinary tract symptoms other than nocturia were the most significant predictors of improvements in sleep disturbance. Specific analyses adjusting for other baseline characteristics demonstrated that a 3-point improvement in AUASI score was associated with a 0.73-point improvement in the Jenkins sleep scale with time. CONCLUSIONS: Improvements in lower urinary tract symptoms correlate with changes in sleeping abilities with time in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia. While nocturia is significantly associated with sleep disturbance, other changes in overall lower urinary tract symptoms are better predictors of changes in sleep dysfunction.
The Journal of urology 10/2012; · 4.02 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Bothersome lower urinary tract symptoms, including nocturia, significantly impact general health related quality of life in men, as does sleep disturbance. However, few groups have examined the relationship between urinary symptom severity and sleep disturbance.
Men enrolled in a clinical trial of saw palmetto (Serenoa repens) were studied at baseline. Lower urinary tract symptom severity, as determined by the American Urological Association symptom index and quality of life scores, and the degree of sleep disturbance were determined by the Jenkins sleep scale. Analysis was done, adjusting for baseline characteristics, to identify predictors of severe sleep disturbance.
A total of 366 men with a mean ± SD age of 60.9 ± 8.3 years who had moderate-severe lower urinary tract symptoms (mean American Urological Association symptom index score 14.58 ± 4.6 points) and a mean Jenkins sleep score of 7.3 ± 4.7 points were included in analysis. Overall there were significant associations between the American Urological Association symptom index score and sleep disturbance severity. Multivariate analysis revealed that obstructive and irritative symptoms were significantly associated with severe sleep disturbance. Further analysis showed that lower serum prostate specific antigen and post-void residual urine volume were also significantly associated with the degree of sleep disturbance.
Lower urinary tract symptom severity is a risk factor for severe sleep disturbance in men. While nocturia was significantly associated with sleep disturbance, other lower urinary tract symptoms were also independent predictors of sleep dysfunction.
The Journal of urology 06/2011; 185(6):2223-8. · 4.02 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a common condition among older men, confers its morbidity through potentially bothersome lower urinary tract symptoms. Treatments for BPH include drugs such as alpha-adrenergic receptor blockers and 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, minimally invasive therapies that use heat to damage or destroy prostate tissue, and surgery including transurethral resection of the prostate. Complementary and alternative medicines are gaining popularity in the US. Two phytotherapies commonly used for BPH are extracts of the fruit of Serenoa repens, the Saw palmetto dwarf palm that grows in the Southeastern US, and extracts of the bark of Pygeum africanum, the African plum tree.
The objective of the Complementary and Alternative Medicines for Urological Symptoms (CAMUS) clinical trial is to determine if phytotherapy is superior to placebo in the treatment of BPH.
CAMUS was originally designed as a 3300-participant, four-arm trial of S. repens, P. africanum, an alpha-adrenergic blocking drug, and placebo with time to clinical progression of BPH, a measure of long-term efficacy, as the primary endpoint. Before enrollment started, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single institution clinical trial showed that S. repens at the usual dose did not demonstrate any benefit over placebo with respect to symptom relief at 1 year. Consequently, the focus of CAMUS shifted from evaluating long-term efficacy to determining if any short-term (6-18 months) symptom relief could be achieved with increasing doses of S. repens, the phytotherapy most commonly used in the US for BPH.
Results are anticipated in 2011.
Trial design occurs in an environment of continually evolving information. In this case, emerging results from another trial suggested that a study of long-term efficacy was premature, and that an effective dose and preparation of S. repens had to be established before proceeding to a long-term clinical trial.
Clinical Trials 12/2009; 6(6):628-36. · 1.92 Impact Factor