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Publications (2)4.5 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Neutrophils and monocytes are abundantly represented in the synovial fluid and tissue in rheumatoid arthritis patients. We therefore explored the effects of small molecule chemokine receptor antagonists to block migration of these cells in anti-collagen antibody-induced arthritis. Targeting neutrophil migration with the CXCR2/CXCR1 antagonist SCH563705 led to a dose-dependent decrease in clinical disease scores and paw thickness measurements and clearly reduced inflammation and bone and cartilage degradation based on histopathology and paw cytokine analyses. In contrast, targeting monocyte migration with the CCR2 antagonist MK0812 had no effect on arthritis disease severity. The pharmacodynamic activities of both SCH563705 and MK0812 were verified by assessing their effects on the peripheral blood monocyte and neutrophil populations. SCH563705 selectively reduced the peripheral blood neutrophil frequency, and caused an elevation in the CXCR2 ligand CXCL1. MK0812 selectively reduced the peripheral blood monocyte frequency, and caused an elevation in the CCR2 ligand CCL2. The much greater impact of CXCR2/CXCR1 antagonism relative to CCR2 antagonism in this model of arthritis highlights the therapeutic potential for targeting CXCR2/CXCR1 in human arthritides.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 12/2009; 391(1):1080-6. DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2009.12.025 · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: CCR2 plays a key role in regulating monocyte trafficking to sites of inflammation and therefore has been the focus of much interest as a target for inflammatory disease. Here we examined the effects of CCR2 blockade with a potent small molecule antagonist to determine the pharmacodynamic consequences on the peripheral blood monocyte compartment in the context of acute and chronic inflammatory processes. We demonstrate that CCR2 antagonism in vivo led to a rapid decrease in the number of circulating Ly6Chi monocytes and that this decrease was largely due to the CXCR4-dependent sequestration of these cells in the bone marrow, providing pharmacological evidence for a mechanism by which monocyte dynamics are regulated in vivo. CCR2 antagonism led to an accumulation of circulating CCL2 and CCL7 levels in the blood, indicating a role for CCR2 in regulating the levels of its ligands under homeostatic conditions. Finally, we show that the pharmacodynamic changes due to CCR2 antagonism were apparent after chronic dosing in mouse experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, a model in which CCR2 blockade demonstrated a dramatic reduction in disease severity, manifest in a reduced accumulation of monocytes and other cells in the CNS. CCR2 antagonism in vivo has tractable pharmacodynamic effects that can be used to align target engagement with biologic effects on disease activity.
    Journal of Inflammation 11/2009; 6:32. DOI:10.1186/1476-9255-6-32 · 2.22 Impact Factor