C D Klink

University Hospital RWTH Aachen , Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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Publications (49)89.13 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: The surgical treatment method in which the peritoneal cavity is opened anteriorly and deliberately left open, hence often called "open abdomen" has become the standard of care in damage-control procedures as well as in the management of intra-abdominal hypertension and in severe intra-abdominal sepsis. Whereas open abdomen has been closed in two stages traditionally, a modern trend is to close the fascial layers within the initial hospitalization to avoid complications like enterocutaneous fistula and hernia formation. The aim of this study was to determine crucial factors influencing the possibility of fascial closure after open abdomen. Methods: Between 2003 and 2013, 355 adult patients were treated with open abdomen in our institution. Their data were collected and retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into two groups depending on fascial closure or not (fascial closure, n = 137 (39%) vs. non-fascial closure, n = 218 (61%)). Results: The patients who reached fascial closure had a significantly higher rate of initially performed open abdomen (97 patients (71%) vs. 118 (54%), p = 0.002) and the periods of time until a second and a third look operation were significantly shorter (2.7 ± 2.5 vs. 4.2 ± 6.6 days, p = 0.021 and 5.6 ± 3.7 vs. 8.5 ± 8.6 days, p = 0.006). Furthermore, the presence of peritonitis (64 patients (47%) vs. 83 patients (38%), p = 0.023) and large bowel resection (74 patients (54%) vs. 90 patients (41%), p = 0.022) were significantly higher in this group. Rates of in-hospital mortality (97 patients (44%) vs. 38 patients (28%), p = 0.002) and the presence of pancreatitis (19 patients (9%) vs. 3 patients (2%), p = 0.013) were significantly higher in the non-fascial closure group. Conclusions: The probability to reach fascial closure after open abdomen seems to increase when open abdomen is performed initially and when early second and third look operations are performed. The presence of pancreatitis seems to be the only negative prognostic marker concerning fascial closure. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    International Journal of Surgery (London, England) 11/2014; · 1.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inguinal hernia repair is the most frequently performed surgical procedure in infants and children. Especially in premature infants, prevalence reaches up to 30 % in coincidence with high rates of incarceration during the first year of life. These infants carry an increased risk of complications due to general anesthesia. Thus, spinal anesthesia is a topic of growing interest for this group of patients. We hypothesized that spinal anesthesia is a feasible and safe option for inguinal hernia repair in infants even at high risk and cases of incarceration.
    Pediatric Surgery International 09/2014; · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The systemic palliative chemotherapy of locally extended gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary tumors is associated with a considerable burden for the patient. The aim of this project was to develop a new drug release system to improve the local stent therapy in these patients as a proof of concept study. For this purpose, polymer filaments were modified with drug-loaded polymer microgels that allow selective release of the active substance by photochemical triggering using laser radiation. Integrated into a stent system, the better local tumor control could thus contribute to a significant increase in the quality of life of patients.
    Journal of Surgical Research 07/2014; · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: After two-dimensional plane MRI-visible mesh implants could be successfully visualized in phantom and small animal model, the aim of the underlying study was to explore the feasibility of an MRI visualization of complex three-dimensional mesh geometry in close contact to the intestine. We therefore used a MR-visible three-dimensional intra-peritoneal stoma (IPST) mesh in a porcine model.
    Hernia : the journal of hernias and abdominal wall surgery. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Midline laparotomy wound failure like burst abdomen remains one of the major complications after abdominal surgery. The use of sutures with a closer resemblance to abdominal wall physiology, like elastic threads, could decrease the risk of these complications occurring. Thus, we evaluated the possibility of using a new elastic thread composed of thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) as a suture for the closure of midline laparotomies compared to conventionally used polypropylene (PP) in a rabbit model. Methods: The elastic TPU thread was processed and tensile tests were performed. Twenty female chinchilla rabbits underwent midline laparotomy. They were randomized to a TPU and a PP group depending on the suture used for fascia closure. After 7 or 21 days, the abdominal walls were assessed macroscopically for wound healing complications and were explanted for histopathological investigation. Results: Tensile tests showed a mean elastic elongation of 55.5% and a sufficient material strength of the TPU thread. In animal experiments, there was no difference between the groups at 7 days; however, the TPU suture showed significantly less CD68 positive cells (p < 0.001) and a higher collagen I/III ratio (p = 0.011) than PP did after 21 days. The amount of apoptotic cells was significantly elevated in the TPU group (p = 0.007) after 21 days. No differences were found concerning granuloma size and number of Ki67-positive cells. Conclusions: The newly developed TPU thread shows promising tensile characteristics. Midline laparotomy closure is feasible and safe in a rabbit model. Immunohistochemistry indicates similar biocompatibility and wound healing after implantation compared to PP after 21 days. To confirm these findings and to proof long-term capability further studies need to be conducted. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2014.
    Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B Applied Biomaterials 06/2014; · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the predictive value of a potential preexisting low-grade inflammation regarding the incidence of anastomotic leakage in elective laparoscopic sigmoid resection due to diverticulitis. Patients with either chronically recurrent diverticulitis or sigmoid stenosis caused by chronic diverticulitis were included in this study. All patients with acute local or systemic inflammation were excluded. Detailed patient information (e.g. American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade, comorbidities, duration of hospital stay, and anastomotic leakage) was prospectively recorded. CD68(+) macrophages, neutrophils, CD3(+) T-lymphocytes, CD11c(+) dendritic cells, MHCII, TNFR1, and NF-κB were evaluated by immunohistochemistry within the acquired sample of colonic bowel wall tissue. Clinical and immunohistochemical data was compared between groups (leakage vs. no leakage). Additionally, a matched-pair analysis was performed due to the widely heterogeneous groups concerning the number of patients and to minimize the effect of extraneous variables. A total of 83 patients were included in the study, of which 7 patients suffered an anastomotic leakage. Neither the clinical nor the immunohistochemical parameters were significantly different between the groups. The matched-pair analysis revealed a nonsignificant increase in mean duration of hospital stay for the group with anastomotic leakage and a significantly higher percentage of CD68(+) macrophages and neutrophils in the colonic wall obtained at the index operation in both the mucosal and submucosal layers for the leakage group. A preexisting low-grade inflammation represented by infiltrates of macrophages and neutrophils is a predictor for increased risk of developing colon anastomotic leakage.
    International Journal of Colorectal Disease 04/2014; · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recurrence rate of hiatal hernia can be reduced with prosthetic mesh repair; however, type and shape of the mesh are still a matter of controversy. The purpose of this study was to investigate the biomechanical properties of four conventional meshes: pure polypropylene mesh (PP-P), polypropylene/poliglecaprone mesh (PP-U), polyvinylidenefluoride/polypropylene mesh (PVDF-I), and pure polyvinylidenefluoride mesh (PVDF-S). Meshes were tested either in warp direction (parallel to production direction) or perpendicular to the warp direction. A Zwick testing machine was used to measure elasticity and effective porosity of the textile probes. Stretching of the meshes in warp direction required forces that were up to 85-fold higher than the same elongation in perpendicular direction. Stretch stress led to loss of effective porosity in most meshes, except for PVDF-S. Biomechanical impact of the mesh was additionally evaluated in a hiatal hernia model. The different meshes were used either as rectangular patches or as circular meshes. Circular meshes led to a significant reinforcement of the hiatus, largely unaffected by the orientation of the warp fibers. In contrast, rectangular meshes provided a significant reinforcement only when warp fibers ran perpendicular to the crura. Anisotropic elasticity of prosthetic meshes should therefore be considered in hiatal closure with rectangular patches. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2014.
    Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B Applied Biomaterials 03/2014; · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Premature infants treated with laparostomy in the first days of their life represent a group of complex patients with high morbidity and mortality rates. Laparostomy is a surgical treatment method in which the peritoneal cavity is opened anteriorly and deliberately left open, hence often called "open abdomen". The aim of this study was to analyze crucial factors influencing the postoperative outcome of premature infants treated this way. Between March 2002 and August 2012, we treated 40 premature infants with a median gestational age of 29 weeks (range from 24 to 34 weeks) with open abdomen in our institution. Their data were analyzed retrospectively. They were divided into two groups depending on in-hospital survival. Indications for surgery were ileus (n = 16), spontaneous intestinal perforation (n = 11), gastroschisis (n = 8) and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC, n = 5). The overall in-hospital mortality was 43 % (17 of 40 patients). Postoperative anemia was the only significant factor influencing mortality rates in our patients (10 vs. 14 patients; p = 0.028). Neither the indication of surgery, nor week of gestation, nor birth weight had any significant influence on postoperative survival. Twenty-one of the 23 surviving patients reached fascia closure. In our study, outcome of premature infants with open abdomen in the first days of their life seems to depend more on an operation and a postoperative course without complications than on the preoperative conditions of the children. Postoperative anemia seems to be a significant negative prognostic marker. Patients reaching fascia closure mainly survive.
    Hernia 02/2014; · 1.69 Impact Factor
  • Christian Daniel Klink, M Binnebösel, R Holy, U P Neumann, K Junge
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    ABSTRACT: Intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) for locally advanced or recurrent rectal cancer as an integral part of multimodal treatment might be an option to reduce local cancer recurrence. The aim of the present study was to determine the influence of IORT on the postoperative outcome and complications rates in the treatment of patients with adenocarcinoma of the rectum in comparison to patients with rectum resection only. A total of 162 patients underwent operation for International Union against Cancer stage III/IV rectal cancer or recurrent rectal cancer at our surgical department between 2004 and 2012. They were divided into two groups depending on whether they received IORT or not. General patient details, tumor, and operation details, as well as perioperative major and minor complications, were registered and compared. Of the 162 patients treated for stage III/IV rectal cancer, 52 underwent rectal resection followed by IORT. Complication rates were similar in the two groups. Operative time was significantly longer in the IORT group (248 ± 84 vs 177 ± 68 min; p < 0.001). No significant differences were found concerning anastomotic leakage rate, hospital stay, or wound infection rate. Intraoperative radiotherapy appears to be a safe treatment option in patients with locally advanced or recurrent rectal cancer with acceptable complication rates. The effect on local recurrence rate has to be estimated in long-term follow-up.
    World Journal of Surgery 11/2013; · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intestinal stoma closure is associated with high risk of surgical site infection (SSI) at stoma reversal site. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to determine the outcome of purse string approximation (PSA) compared to primary linear closure (PLC) of the skin after loop ileostomy reversal. Data of 140 patients operated between 2005 and 2012 were analyzed in this two-centre-study to determine the outcome of patients with either PSA (n=44) or PLC (n=96) after loop ileostomy reversal. Patients in the PSA group were significantly older than in the PLC group (64 ± 15 vs. 57 ± 18; p=0.026). Cardiac diseases were significantly more present in the PSA group in comparison to the PLC group (59% vs. 38%; p=0.017). Stoma creation was significantly more often due to malignancy in the PSA group in comparison to the PLC group (68% vs. 50%; p=0.044). SSI occurred significantly more often in the PLC group in comparison to the PSA group (17% vs. 5%; p=0.047). The risk for SSI is lower in patients with PSA in comparison to patients with PLC. In order to diminish SSI we recommend performing a PSA in patients with loop ileostomy reversal.
    International Journal of Surgery (London, England) 09/2013; · 1.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Postoperative peritoneal adhesion formation following abdominal surgery remains a relevant surgical problem. The application of soluble physico-chemical barriers like 4% icodextrin is one approach to protect the peritoneal surface from getting linked to adhesive scar. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of 4% icodextrin on peritoneal tissue response both of visceral and parietal peritoneum, adhesion formation and wound healing. 40 rats were divided into two groups. After creation of an intraabdominal defect, either 4% icodextrin (Adept(R)) or sodium chloride was applied. Animals were sacrificed after 7 and 21 days. Adhesions were scored by an adhesion score. Furthermore, immunohistochemical investigations were conducted to determine the discrete influence of icodextrin on the parietal and visceral peritoneal tissue responses (CD68+ macrophages, CD3+ T-lymphocytes, vimentin for mesenchymal cells, HBME-1 for mesothelial cells, and as components of wound healing COX-2, C-myc, catenin). Postoperative peritoneal adhesions were predominantly present in the sodium chloride group as compared to the icodextrin group (14/19 (74%) vs. 9/19 (47%); p = 0.048). The adhesion score however did not reveal any significant differences, (p = 0.614). Furthermore, the expression of vimentin in both the parietal and visceral peritoneum after 21 days was significantly lower in the icodextrin group than in the sodium chloride group (p = 0.038 and p = 0.028, respectively). No significant differences were observed for macrophages, lymphocytes, reperitonealisation or the expression of COX-2, C-myc or Catenin. The intraperitoneal application of 4% icodextrin reduces adhesion formation in comparison to sodium chloride. 4% icodextrin solution reduces the inflammatory and mesenchymal infiltrate in the wounded area, thus improving the ratio of mesothel cells to mesenchymal infiltrate. As demonstrated, icodextrin is able to ameliorate the local tissue response. Further experimental studies would be done to elaborate the impact on the early response of the adaptive immune system, which may then trigger the subsequent wound healing and tissue repair.
    BMC Surgery 09/2013; 13(1):34. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The ideal treatment of patients with perforated diverticulitis is still controversial. Hartmann's procedure has been the treatment of choice for decades, but primary anastomosis with a defunctioning stoma has become an accepted alternative. The aim of this study was to evaluate the stoma reversal rates after these two surgical strategies. A retrospective review of the data from patients with perforated sigmoid diverticulitis between 2002 and 2011 undergoing a Hartmann's procedure (HP) versus a primary anastomosis with a defunctioning stoma (PA) was performed. Additionally, patients were contacted by mail or telephone in March 2012 using a standardized questionnaire. A total of 98 patients were identified: 72 undergoing HP and 26 patients receiving PA. The median follow-up time was 63 months (range 4-118). Whilst 85 % of patients with PA have had their stoma reversed, only 58 % of patients with an HP had a stoma reversal (p = 0.046). The median period until stoma reversal was significantly longer for HP (19 weeks) than for PA (12 weeks; p = 0.03). The 30-day mortality for PA was 12 % as opposed to 25 % for HP (p = 0.167). According to the Clavien-Dindo classification, surgical complications occurred significantly less frequently in patients with PA (p = 0.014). The stoma reversal rates for PA are significantly higher than for HP. Thus, depending on the overall clinical situation, primary resection and anastomosis with a proximal defunctioning stoma might be the optimal procedure for selected patients with perforated diverticular disease.
    International Journal of Colorectal Disease 08/2013; · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Purpose: If a colonic or small bowel lesion is not accessible for endoscopic mucosal resection, enterotomy is a possible although rarely performed surgical technique. It has never been compared to circular anastomosis regarding leakage rate, bowel wall perfusion, and wound healing. Thus, the aim of this basic experimental scientific study was to investigate perianastomotic microcirculation and wound healing. Methods: Forty rats were divided into four groups (1 jejunal anastomosis, 2 jejunal enterotomy, 3 colonic anastomosis, and 4 colonic enterotomy). Following anastomosis and enterotomy, the intestinal perfusion was measured using laser fluorescence angiography (IC-View). On postoperative day 7, the surface of the mucosal villi, expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) 2, 8, 9, and 13, and the number of proliferating cells (Ki67) as well as the collagen types I/III ratio were analyzed. Results: The perianastomotic microperfusion was significantly reduced in all groups compared to the reference region. The perianastomotic perfusion index was significantly reduced in group 1 compared with group 2, whereas the perfusion index in group 3 was slightly but not significantly reduced in comparison to group 4. Ki67 was elevated in both circular anastomosis groups. Surface of the mucosal villi, MMP expression, and collagen type I/III ratio revealed no significant differences. Conclusions: Our study affirms the theoretical consideration of a better microperfusion of the bowel wall following an antimesenterial enterotomy and demonstrates that enterotomy is not inferior compared to circular anastomosis. Even though enterotomy is a rarely used surgical technique, it should be regarded as a possible alternative in particular situations.
    Journal of Investigative Surgery 12/2012; · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze the early postoperative outcome of esophageal cancer treated by subtotal esophageal resection, gastric interposition and either intrathoracic or cervical anastomosis in a single center study. METHODS: 72 patients who received either a cervical or intrathoracic anastomosis after esophageal resection for esophageal cancer were matched by age and tumor stage. Collected data from these patients were analyzed retrospectively regarding morbidity and mortality rates. RESULTS: Anastomotic leakage rate was significantly lower in the intrathoracic anastomosis group than in the cervical anastomosis group (4 of 36 patients (11 %) vs. 11 of 36 patients (31 %); p = 0.040). The hospital stay was significantly shorter in the intrathoracic anastomosis group compared to the cervical anastomosis group (14 (range 10-110) vs. 26 days (range 12 - 105); p = 0.012). Wound infection and temporary paresis of the recurrent laryngeal nerve occurred significantly more often in the cervical anastomosis group compared to the intrathoracic anastomosis group (28 % vs. 0 %; p = 0.002 and 11 % vs. 0 %; p = 0.046). The overall Inhospital mortality rate was 6 % (4 of 72 patients) without any differences between the study groups. CONCLUSIONS: The present data support the assumption that the transthoracic approach with an intrathoracic anastomosis compared to a cervical esophagogastrostomy is the safer and more beneficial procedure in patients with carcinoma of the lower and middle third of the esophagus due to a significant reduction of anastomotic leakage, wound infection, paresis of the recurrent laryngeal nerve and shorter hospital stay.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 08/2012; 10(1):159. · 1.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To reduce infection rates after mesh implantation antibiotic-coated meshes were designed. The aim of the study was to analyze biocompatibility and in vitro efficiency of a modified gentamicin-supplemented polyvinylidenfluoride mesh. Twenty rats were randomized to two groups (PVDF group and Genta group). Mesh material was implanted subcutaneously. Blood samples were taken to determine the gentamicin serum concentration. Seven and 90 days after mesh implantation, animals were euthanized. The inflammatory tissue response was characterized by analyzing the foreign body granuloma. Cellular immune response was analyzed by immunohistochemical investigations. The collagen type I/III ratio was estimated by crosspolarization microscopy. In vitro agar diffusion test, suspension test, and gentamicin release were characterized. Agar diffusion and suspension test showed efficient antibiotic effects of the mesh in vitro. Serum concentrations of gentamicin showed a peak value 1 h postoperatively with a decline within the next day. The total size of the granuloma was significantly smaller in the Genta group compared to the PVDF group at both points of time. Except of a short period of increased expression of CD68 in the Genta group after 7 days, no further difference was found analyzing cellular immune response. The collagen type I/III ratio was widely constant analyzing the two mesh types without significant differences comparing both mesh materials. A significantly decreased foreign body granuloma formation compared to the pure PVDF mesh group was found. In vitro analysis showed efficient antibiotic effects of the Gentamicin supplementation compared to the pure PVDF mesh.
    Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A 02/2012; 100(5):1195-202. · 2.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Due to a lack of early symptoms, pancreatic cancers of the body and tail are discovered mostly at advanced stages. These locally advanced cancers often involve the celiac axis or the common hepatic artery and are therefore declared unresectable. The extended distal pancreatectomy with en bloc resection of the celiac artery may offer a chance of complete resection. We present the case of a 48-year-old female with pancreatic body cancer invading the celiac axis. The patient underwent laparoscopy to exclude hepatic and peritoneal metastasis. Subsequently, a selective embolization of the common hepatic artery was performed to enlarge arterial flow to the hepatobiliary system and the stomach via the pancreatoduodenal arcades from the superior mesenteric artery. Fifteen days after embolization, the extended distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy and en bloc resection of the celiac axis was carried out. The postoperative course was uneventful, and complete tumor resection was achieved. This case report and a review of the literature show the feasibility and safety of the extended distal pancreatectomy with en bloc resection of the celiac axis. A preoperative embolization of the celiac axis may avoid ischemia-related complications of the stomach or the liver.
    Case Reports in Medicine 01/2012; 2012:543167.
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    ABSTRACT: A beneficial effect of gentamicin supplemented mesh material on tissue integration is known. To further elucidate the interaction of collagen and MMP-2 in chronic foreign body reaction and to determine the significance of the MMP-2-specific regulatory element (RE-1) that is known to mediate 80% of the MMP-2 promoter activity, the spatial and temporal transcriptional regulation of the MMP-2 gene was analyzed at the cellular level. A PVDF mesh material was surface modified by plasma-induced graft polymerization of acrylic acid (PVDF+PAAc). Three different gentamicin concentrations were bound to the provided active sites of the grafted mesh surfaces (2, 5 and 8 μg/mg). 75 male transgenic MMP-2/LacZ mice harbouring the LacZ reporter gene under control of MMP-2 regulatory sequence -1241/+423, excluding the RE-1 were randomized to five groups. Bilateral of the abdominal midline one of the five different meshes was implanted subcutaneously in each animal. MMP-2 gene transcription (anti-ß-galactosidase staining) and MMP-2 protein expression (anti-MMP-2 staining) were analyzed semiquantitatively by immunohistochemistry 7, 21 and 90 days after mesh implantation. The collagen type I/III ratio was analyzed by cross polarization microscopy to determine the quality of mesh integration. The perifilamentary ß-galactosidase expression as well as the collagen type I/III ratio increased up to the 90th day for all mesh modifications, whereas no significant changes could be observed for MMP-2 protein expression between days 21 and 90. Both the 5 and 8 μg/mg gentamicin group showed significantly reduced levels of ß-galactosidase expression and MMP-2 positive stained cells when compared to the PVDF group on day 7, 21 and 90 respectively (5 μg/mg: p < 0.05 each; 8 μg/mg: p < 0.05 each). Though the type I/III collagen ratio increased over time for all mesh modifications significant differences to the PVDF mesh were only detected for the 8 μg/mg group at all 3 time points (p < 0.05 each). Our current data indicate that lack of RE-1 is correlated with increased mesh induced MMP-2-gene expression for coated as well as for non-coated mesh materials. Gentamicin coating reduced MMP-2 transcription and protein expression. For the 8 μg/mg group this effect is associated with an increased type I/III collagen ratio. These findings suggest that gentamicin is beneficial for tissue integration after mesh implantation, which possibly is mediated via RE-1.
    BMC Surgery 01/2012; 12:1. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Every surgical suture compresses the enclosed tissue with a tension that depends from the knotting force and the resistance of the tissue. The aim of this study was to identify the dynamic change of applied suture tension with regard to the tissue specific cutting reaction. In rabbits we placed single polypropylene sutures (3/0) in skin, muscle, liver, stomach and small intestine. Six measurements for each single organ were determined by tension sensors for 60 minutes. We collected tissue specimens to analyse the connective tissue stability by measuring the collagen/protein content. We identified three phases in the process of suture loosening. The initial rapid loss of the first phase lasts only one minute. It can be regarded as cutting through damage of the tissue. The percentage of lost tension is closely related to the collagen content of the tissue (r = -0.424; p = 0.016). The second phase is characterized by a slower decrease of suture tension, reflecting a tissue specific plastic deformation. Phase 3 is characterized by a plateau representing the remaining structural stability of the tissue. The ratio of remaining tension to initial tension of phase 1 is closely related to the collagen content of the tissue (r = 0.392; p = 0.026). Knotted non-elastic monofilament sutures rapidly loose tension. The initial phase of high tension may be narrowed by reduction of the surgeons' initial force of the sutures' elasticity to those of the tissue. Further studies have to confirm, whether reduced tissue compression and less local damage permits improved wound healing.
    BMC Surgery 12/2011; 11:36. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic mesh repair of inguinal and incisional hernias has been widely adopted. Nevertheless, knowledge about the impact of pneumoperitoneum on mesh integration is rare. The present study investigates pressure and gas-dependent effects of pneumoperitoneum on adhesion formation and biomaterial integration in a standardized animal model. Laparoscopic intraperitoneal onlay mesh implantation (IPOM) was performed in 32 female chinchilla rabbits using CO(2) or helium for pneumoperitoneum. Intra-abdominal pressures were 3 or 6 mmHg. Animals were killed after 21 days, and the abdominal wall was explanted for subsequent histopathological examinations. Adhesions were assessed qualitatively with a scoring system, and the adhesion surface was analyzed semiquantitatively by planimetry. Infiltration of macrophages (CD68), expression of matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP-13), and cell proliferation (Ki67) were analyzed at the mesh to host interface by immunohistochemistry. The collagen type I/III ratio was analyzed by cross-polarization microscopy to determine the quality of mesh integration. After 21 days, perifilamental infiltration with macrophages (CD68) and percentage of proliferating cells (Ki67) were highest after 6 mmHg of CO(2) pneumoperitoneum. The extent of adhesions, as well as the expression of MMP-13 and the collagen type I/III ratio, were similar between groups. Our experiments showed no pressure or gas-dependent alterations of adhesion formation and only minor effects on biomaterial integration. Altogether, there is no evidence for a clinically negative effect of CO(2) pneumoperitoneum.
    Surgical Endoscopy 06/2011; 25(11):3605-12. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The inflammatory response to peritoneal injury is considered to be of particular importance in adhesion formation. The aim of this study was to investigate the dynamics of inflammatory mediators in peritoneal adhesions. In 60 male rats, a peritoneal defect was performed using a standardized cecal abrasion model. On days 3, 5, 14, 30, 60, and 90, ten animals were sacrificed. The expression of five integral mediators for the cellular immune response (macrophages, T lymphocytes), inflammation (COX-2), cell differentiation, and proliferation (ß-catenin, c-myc) in visceral and parietal adhesions were analyzed. A distinct infiltration of macrophages was observed in all animals up to the 90th postoperative day with a peak on day 3 for visceral adhesions (26.3 ± 5.6%) and on day 14 for parietal adhesions (5.1 ± 1.1%). Compared to parietal adhesions, macrophage levels were significantly higher on day 3 (p = 0.001) and 5 (p = 0.002) but significantly lower on days 30, 60, and 90 in visceral adhesions (p = 0.041; p = 0.001; p = 0.017). T lymphocytes were detected over time with the highest levels on day 3 (visceral 4.0 ± 0.7%; parietal 6.7 ± 2.9%). High levels of COX-2 expression could be detected for the whole observation period. Positive expression of both ß-catenin and c-myc was detected in persistent adhesions; however, no expression of c-myc was observed in parietal adhesions. The inflammatory reaction in adhesions is not limited to the early postoperative phase. Macrophages may be fundamental in triggering adhesions, and the presence of T cells indicates an additional role of the adoptive immune system. Identification of chemokines and chemokine receptors that trigger the cellular immune response might be a potential option to minimize adhesion formation.
    Langenbeck s Archives of Surgery 02/2011; 396(3):371-8. · 1.89 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

143 Citations
89.13 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007–2014
    • University Hospital RWTH Aachen
      • Department of Neurology
      Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2010–2012
    • RWTH Aachen University
      • Department of Surgery
      Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany