Publications (2)2.12 Total impact
Article: Psychosocial factors, quality of life, and psychological distress: ethnic differences in patients with heart failure.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Advances in treatment have prolonged life in heart failure (HF) patients, leading to increased attention to quality of life (QOL) and psychological functioning. It is not clear if ethnic differences exist in factors associated with psychological well-being. We examined psychosocial factors associated with depression and anxiety in 97 HF patients. Medical records were reviewed and patients (M age 53, 50% African American) completed surveys examining social support, coping, spirituality, and QOL for their association with depression and anxiety. Multiple regressions suggested that psychosocial factors were associated with psychological health. Patients with lower social support, lower meaning/peace and more negative coping reported greater depression; positive coping, and lower meaning/peace were associated with higher anxiety. Ethnicity stratified models suggested that spiritual well-being was associated with depression only among African Americans and QOL partially mediated this relationship. Findings suggest the importance of considering the unique psychosocial needs of diverse populations to appropriately target clinical interventions.Progress in Cardiovascular Nursing 12/2009; 24(4):131-40.
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A total of 64 elderly individuals presenting with cognitive decline were administered a test of general intelligence and a measure of adaptive knowledge and daily living skills. Premorbid ability was estimated using a demographic formula and a reading test. After controlling for age and depression, general intellectual ability accounted for a large amount of the variance in a broad range of adaptive knowledge and behavioral skills, reflecting the influence of premorbid ability and especially estimated decline. Different patterns of adaptive knowledge and skills were identified as a function of measured IQ and of estimated decline in IQ. Results suggest a threshold of intellectual decline for deterioration in daily living skills. Studies purporting to demonstrate that impairments in particular neuropsychological domains predict specific functional deficits need to control for general intellectual ability and/or the extent of intellectual decline.The Clinical Neuropsychologist 09/2009; 24(1):80-94. · 2.12 Impact Factor