[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Insulin like growth factor receptor 1 (IGF-1R) is well-documented to play a key role in radiation response and tumor radiosensitivity, thus offering an attractive clinic drug target to enhance tumor sensitivity to anti-cancer radiotherapy.
Human colon carcinoma SW480 cells were transfected with the specific small interference RNA (siRNA) expression vector (pkD-shRNA-IGF-1R-V2) designed to target IGF-1R mRNA. The expression of IGF-1R mRNA and its protein among the transfected and untransfected cells were detected by semi-quantitative RT-PCR and ELISA assay. The changes in cell radiosensitivity were examined by MTT assay.
Transfection of mammalian expression vector pkD containing IGF-1R siRNA was shown to reduce IGF-1R mRNA levels by up to 95%. ELISA assay detected a similar inhibition of IGF-1R protein levels in cells transfected with IGF-1R siRNA. SW480 cells transfected with the expression vector for siRNA significantly rendered cells more sensitive to radiation and the highest radiation enhancement ratio was 2.02 +/- 0.08.
These data provide the first evidence that specific siRNA fragment (pkD-shRNA-IGF-1R-V2) targeting human IGF-1R mRNA is able to enhance colon cancer radiosensitivity. Also results indicated that, combining IGF-1R siRNA and radiation significantly enhances antitumor efficacy compared with either modality alone.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to compare the in vitro effects of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor, stem cell factor, granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor, and co-culture with Sertoli cells on the efficiency of adult mouse spermatogonial stem cells colony formation. For these purpose, both Sertoli and spermatogonial cells were isolated from adult mouse testes. The identity of the cells was confirmed through analysis of alkaline phosphatase activity, immunocytochemistry against OCT-4, c-kit, and vimentin, and also by transplantation of these cells in the recipient testes. The isolated spermatogonial cells were treated either with various concentrations of the above mentioned factors or co-cultured with Sertoli cells for 3 wk. The spermatogonial cells of the resulting colonies were transplanted via rete testis into the mouse testes, which were irradiated with 14 Gy. The results indicated that glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor is the most appropriate factor for in vitro colonization of adult mice spermatogonial cells compared with other cytokines and growth factors. A short-term co-culture with Sertoli cells showed a significant increase in the number and diameter of the colonies compared with the treated growth factors and the control group. We have also demonstrated that mouse spermatogonial stem cells in the colonies after co-culturing with Sertoli cells could induce spermatogenesis in the recipient testes after transplantation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cytotoxic therapy can lead to prolonged azoospermia or even sterility. In the present study, we investigated the morphological changes of mouse testes after gamma-Radiation.
After anaesthetizing of NMRI mice, testes and their surrounding tissues were irradiated using a cobalt therapy machine. Four experimental groups were irradiated with fractionated doses of: 1.5 + 8, 1.5 + 12 and 1.5 + 16 Gy (with an interval of 24 h) and single dose of 14 Gy. Non-irradiated mice were considered as control group. Testes were removed 4, 6 and 8 weeks following irradiation, weighed and processed for light microscopic study. Diameters of seminiferous tubules and their lumens, epithelium thickness, percentage of different types of tubules and number of spermatogenic cell were measured. Moreover, sperm count motility and viability rates were evaluated in epididymis.
Number of normal tubules, epithelium thickness, tubules diameter and lumen diameter were significantly reduced with high dose irradiation in comparison with control testes. The recovery was observed after 8 weeks. Epididymal sperm count, motility and viability rates were significantly decreased in the irradiated mice comparing non-irradiated ones. These parameters were increased after 8 weeks.
According to the results, irradiation can cause temporary azoospermia in mouse and this effect is reversible after 8 weeks.