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Publications (2)5.48 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The mechanical properties of cells are important for many cellular processes. Here, atomic force microscopy (AFM) and laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) were carried out to characterize lymphocyte and Jurkat cells. The average elastic modulus of lymphocyte is 1.24 +/- 0.09 kPa, which is almost twofold higher than that of Jurkat cell (0.51 +/- 0.06 kPa). LSCM images of sub-membrane cytoskeleton showed a significant difference in the organization of their F-actin structures. Lymphocyte cells had more and thicker actin bundles than that of Jurkat cells. Lymphocyte and Jurkat cells after adding the F-actin destabilizing agent Cytochalasin-B (Cyt-B) were also investigated by AFM. A decrease in the elastic modulus of lymphocyte from a value of 1.24 +/- 0.09 kPa down to 0.34 +/- 0.04 kPa for 24 h was observed, and that of Jurkat cell decreased from 0.51 +/- 0.06 kPa to 0.23 +/- 0.04 kPa. We really believe that this technology will be used for cancer detection and opens a door to study the biophysical properties of signaling domains extending from the cell surface to deeper parts of the cell.
    Micron 04/2010; 41(3):257-62. · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mitomycin C (MMC) has been shown to have a therapeutic effect against human pterygium fibroblasts (HPFs) by inducing apoptosis. However, there is little data about the effect of it on plasma membrane. In the present study, the cytotoxicity of MMC to HPFs including inhibiting cell growth, inducing apoptosis and bringing about membrane toxicity was investigated. It was found that MMC could significantly suppress the proliferation of HPFs in a dose-dependent manner by CCK-8 assay. Flow cytometric analysis also revealed that treatment with MMC resulted in increased percentages of apoptotic cells in a dose-dependent manner. Membrane lipid peroxidation level, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage, membrane surface topography, and membrane rigidity alterations were investigated to assess the membrane toxicity induced by MMC. Treatment with MMC at different concentrations accelerated membrane lipid peroxidation and potentiated LDH leakage, which was consistent with disturbance of membrane surface and decrease of membrane elasticity detected by atomic force microscopy. All the above changes led to the disturbed intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis, which was an important signal triggering apoptosis. Hence, the membrane toxicity induced by MMC might play an important role in the process of apoptotic induction and the calcium channel may be one of the apoptosis mechanisms.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 03/2010; 114(11):3833-9. · 3.61 Impact Factor