Chong Liu

Capital Medical University, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (4)3.61 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the correlation between different Chinese medicine (CM) syndromes and variations in microcirculation in septic shock patients. seventy Septic shock patients were divided into four groups: heat damaging qi-yin group (HDQY, cases=23); yin exhaustion and yang collapse group (YEYC, cases=26); excessive heat in Fu organ group (EHFO, cases=10); and heat damaging nutrient-blood group (HDNB) (n=11) group. Sublingual microcirculation parameters were observed by sidestream dark-fifield (SDF) imaging and scored by Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) and the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA), and parameters of microcirculation perfusion variations and prognoses were analyzed. Compared with those with qi-yin heat damage, perfused vessel density (PVD) in other groups decreased dramatically (P<0.05), and APACHE II scores increased signifificantly (P<0.05). In addition, the recovery time was prolonged substantially (P<0.05), and the mixed venous oxygen saturation (SVO2) decreased (P<0.05). Blood lactic acid increased signifificantly (P<0.05), and the mixed SVO decreased (P<0.05), in the YEYC group. Compared with the thermal injury camp blood group, sublingual microcirculation parameter variations showed no obvious difference in the YEYC and EHFO groups (P>0.05). There were signifificant positive correlations between CM syndromes and APACHE II scoring in different groups (r=0.512, P<0.05). There were negative correlations between PVD and APACHE II scoring (r=-0.378, P=0.043), the proportion of perfused vessels (PPV) and APACHE II scoring (r=-0.472, P=0.008), as well as between the microvascular flflow index (MFI) and APACHE II scoring (r=-0.424, P=0.023) in different patients. Sublingual microcirculation may serve as a clinical diagnostic parameter of the patient condition, as well as being a prognostic indicator.
    Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine 08/2013; · 1.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinical significance of dynamic monitoring of changes in the sublingual microcirculation in patients with severe sepsis to determine the degree of severity of the clinical condition and prognosis. A prospective study was conducted. Sixty--five patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) in Beijing Friendship Hospital were enrolled from June 2010 to December 2010, among whom there were 30 cases of sepsis, 35 cases of severe sepsis. The severe sepsis patients received the early goal--directed resuscitation; and at 0 (before treatment), 6, 12, 24, 48, 72 hours after resuscitation, the technology of sidestream dark--field was used to measure the sublingual total vessel density (TVD), perfusing vessel density (PVD), proportion of perfused vessels (PPV), microvascular flow index (MFI) of sublingual microcirculation in patients and acute physiology and chronic health evaluationII (APACHEII) score, ICU days and 28--day mortality were recorded. Thirty healthy individuals were enrolled as the control group. The sublingual PPV and MFI were significantly lower in sepsis patients than those of the control group [PPV: (73.60 ± 16.77)% vs. (85.17 ± 7.60)%; MFI: 3.23 ± 0.77 vs. 3.78 ± 0.35, both P < 0.05]; PVD, PPV, MFI in severe sepsis patients were not only significantly lower than those of the sepsis group {PVD[mm/mm²]: 7.53 ± 4.38 vs.12.15 ± 2.88; PPV: (49.13 ± 33.74)% vs. (73.60 ± 16.77)%; MFI: 2.21 ± 1.41 vs. 3.23 ± 0.77, all P < 0.05}. After the early goal--directed fluid resuscitation, the sublingual microcirculation was improved significantly compared with that before treatment (0 hour), and they were remarkably apparent at 12 hours {TVD[mm/mm²]: 5.76 ± 2.25 vs. 6.72 ± 4.37; PVD [mm/mm²]: 7.57 ± 1.77 vs. 5.48 ± 4.39; PPV:(69.47 ± 19.24)% vs. (34.55 ± 30.82)%; MFI: 3.17 ± 0.49 vs. 1.55 ± 1.14, all P < 0.05}. Compared with the sepsis group, APACHEII score of the severe sepsis group was elevated (24.77 ± 7.45 vs. 19.30 ± 10.36, but P>0.05), the length of stay in ICU (days) was longer (20.60 ± 19.87 vs. 10.33 ± 9.53, P < 0.05), and the 28--day mortality was higher (45.71% vs. 36.36%, but P>0.05). In the severe sepsis group, compared with the survival group (19 cases), the sublingual microcirculation in the non-survival group (16 cases) PVD, PPV, MFI were significantly decreased{PVD[mm/mm²]:6.70 ± 5.15 vs. 8.53 ± 3.13; PPV: (44.23 ± 37.71)% vs. (54.96 ± 28.41)%; MFI: 1.89 ± 1.65 vs. 2.58 ± 0.98, P < 0.05 or P < 0.01}, but APACHEII score and length of stay in ICU (days) were not significantly different (23.19 ± 6.46 vs. 20.31 ± 6.03; 16.13 ± 10.90 vs. 19.19 ± 9.90, both P > 0.05). Correlation analysis showed that: PPV showed a significant negative correlation with the prognosis of the patients (r = -0.374, P < 0.05). Sequential monitoring of the sublingual microcirculation in patients with severe sepsis can be used to determine the disease severity, and to forecast the outcome of the patient.
    Zhongguo wei zhong bing ji jiu yi xue = Chinese critical care medicine = Zhongguo weizhongbing jijiuyixue 03/2012; 24(3):158-61.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the efficacy of Qishen Huoxue Granules (QHG) for auxiliary treatment of critical patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). Fifty-two AKI patients came from critical care medical department of Beijing Friendship Hospital were randomly assigned to two groups: Group A (25 patients) was treated with QHG (consisted of Radix Astragali, Radix Salviae miltiorrhizae, Radix Paeoniae rubra, Flos Carthami, and Radix Angelicae sinensis, etc., 10 g/bag, administered via gastric perfusion, 3 times per day, 10 g in each time) and continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT); Group B (27 cases) was treated only by CRRT, all for 14 days. Besides, mechanical ventilation and vasoactive drugs were applied in case of necessary. The time of renal function recovery, days in ICU, 28-day mortality, changes of serum Cystatin C concentration as well as the time of mechanical ventilation (T-V) and vasoactive drugs application (T-D) in patients, who received corresponding treatment were observed. The renal function recovery time in Group A was markedly earlier than that in Group B (P < 0.05), with concentration of serum Cystatin C began to decrease from day 10. T-V and T-D in Group A were markedly shorter than those in Group B, respectively (P < 0.05). No significantly statistical difference between the two groups for days in ICU and 28-day mortality was found (P > 0.05). QHG shows favorable prospect in treating critical AKI patients, it can significantly accelerate the renal function recovery time, shorten the duration of mechanical ventilation and vasoactive drugs application.
    Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he za zhi Zhongguo Zhongxiyi jiehe zazhi = Chinese journal of integrated traditional and Western medicine / Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he xue hui, Zhongguo Zhong yi yan jiu yuan zhu ban 08/2010; 30(8):819-22.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the dysfunction of the immunological barrier of the intestinal mucosa during endotoxemia and to elucidate the potential mechanism of this dysfunction. Male Wistar rats were randomly distributed into two groups: control group and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) group. Endotoxemia was induced by a single caudal venous injection of LPS. Animals were sacrificed in batches 2, 6, 12 and 24 h after LPS infusion. The number of microfold (M)-cells, dendritic cells (DCs), CD4(+) T cells, CD8(+) T cells, regulatory T (Tr) cells and IgA(+) B cells in the intestinal mucosa were counted after immunohistochemical staining. Apoptotic lymphocytes were counted after TUNEL staining. The levels of interleukin (IL)-4, interferon (IFN)-gamma and forkhead box P3 (Foxp3) in mucosal homogenates were measured by ELISA. The secretory IgA (sIgA) content in the total protein of one milligram of small intestinal mucus was detected using a radioimmunological assay. This research demonstrated that LPS-induced endotoxemia results in small intestinal mucosa injury. The number of M-cells, DCs, CD8(+) T cells, and IgA(+) B cells were decreased while Tr cell and apoptotic lymphocyte numbers were increased significantly. The number of CD4(+) T cells increased in the early stages and then slightly decreased by 24 h. The level of IL-4 significantly increased in the early stages and then reversed by the end of the study period. The level of IFN-gamma increased slightly in the early stages and then decreased markedly by the 24 h time point. Level of Foxp3 increased whereas sIgA level decreased. Mucosal immune dysfunction forms part of the intestinal barrier injury during endotoxemia. The increased number and function of Tr cells as well as lymphocyte apoptosis result in mucosal immunodeficiency.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 12/2009; 15(46):5843-50. · 2.55 Impact Factor