ABSTRACT: G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) are now regarded as being able to acquire heterodimer conformations affecting their pharmacology, signaling and trafficking. In co-immunoprecipitation studies using differentially epitope-tagged receptors, we herein provide direct evidence for heterodimerization of human neurotensin type 1 receptor (hNTR1) and type 2 receptor (hNTR2). Using chimeric constructs, we also identified the hNTR2 transmembrane 2 (TM2) to TM4 region as crucial for the formation of the dimerization interface. At the functional level, we demonstrated that the co-expression of hNTR2 suppressed hNTR1-mediated adenylate cyclase/cAMP and phospholipase C activation. Finally, confocal microscopy revealed that whereas tagged hNTR1 expressed alone were localized to the plasma membrane, co-expression of hNTR2 caused the retention of hNTR1 in sub-cellular compartments, indicating that heterodimerization with hNTR2 interferes with the proper recruitment of hNTR1 to the plasma membrane. Overall, this study proposes a novel function of NTR2 in the regulation of NTR1 activity.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 12/2009; 391(1):1007-13. · 2.48 Impact Factor