Brian E Martens

Medical College of Georgia, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States

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Publications (8)28.72 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of lisdexamfetamine (LDX) in the treatment of bipolar depression. Twenty-five outpatients with bipolar I or II disorder and syndromal depression despite at least 4 weeks of stable mood stabilizer and/or antipsychotic therapy were randomized to receive LDX (N=11) or placebo (N=14) in an 8-week, prospective, parallel-group, double-blind study. In the primary longitudinal analysis, LDX and placebo produced similar rates of improvement in depressive symptoms as assessed by the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Scale. However, LDX was associated with a statistically significantly greater rate of improvement in self-reported depressive symptoms and daytime sleepiness, and with greater reductions in fasting levels of low-density lipoprotein and total cholesterol. In the secondary baseline-to-endpoint analysis, LDX was associated with statistically significant improvements in self-reported measures of depression, daytime sleepiness, fatigue, and binge eating, as well as with improvements in fasting levels of triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein and total cholesterol. LDX was well tolerated and was not associated with any serious adverse events, but there was one case of suspected misuse. The small sample size (because of premature study termination by the funding sponsor) may have limited the detection of important drug-placebo differences. Larger studies on the use of psychostimulants for treatment of bipolar depression seem warranted.
    International clinical psychopharmacology. 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To assess preliminarily the effectiveness of zonisamide in bulimia nervosa. This was an open-label, prospective, 12-week, flexible dose study of zonisamide in bulimia nervosa. The primary outcome was binge-purge episode frequency. Twelve individuals received zonisamide, 10 completed at least one post-baseline evaluation, and six completed the study. Mean dose at endpoint was 420 (SD = 215) mg/day. Zonisamide was associated with significant reductions in frequency of binge-purge episodes and binge-purge days as well as measures of binge eating behavior, purging behavior, clinical severity, obsessive-compulsive features, and depressive symptoms. Weight was unchanged. In this open-label trial, zonisamide was effective in bulimia nervosa, but associated with a high discontinuation rate. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.(Int J Eat Disord 2013).
    International Journal of Eating Disorders 07/2013; · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Weight gain is commonly observed with olanzapine treatment. Zonisamide is an antiepileptic drug associated with weight loss. This study examined the effectiveness of zonisamide in preventing weight gain in 42 patients beginning olanzapine for bipolar disorder or schizophrenia. Each patient had a body mass index of 22 mg/kg or greater and was randomized to taking olanzapine with either zonisamide (n = 20) or placebo (n = 22) for 16 weeks. The primary outcome measure was change in body weight in kilograms from baseline. In the primary analysis using longitudinal regression, patients who received zonisamide had a significantly slower rate of weight gain and increase in body mass index than those who received placebo. The patients treated with zonisamide gained a mean (SD) of 0.9 (3.3) kg, whereas those treated with placebo gained a mean (SD) of 5.0 (5.5) kg; P = 0.01. None of the patients in the zonisamide group, compared with 7 patients (33%) in the placebo group, gained 7% of body weight or greater from baseline (Fisher exact test, P = 0.009). The zonisamide group, however, reported significantly more cognitive impairment as an adverse event than the placebo group (25% vs 0, respectively; P = 0.02). Zonisamide was effective for mitigating weight gain in patients with bipolar disorder or schizophrenia initiating treatment with olanzapine but was associated with cognitive impairment as an adverse event.
    Journal of clinical psychopharmacology 04/2012; 32(2):165-72. · 5.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of ramelteon in ambulatory bipolar I disorder with manic symptoms and insomnia. Twenty-one outpatients with bipolar I disorder by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition criteria with mild-to-moderate manic symptoms and sleep disturbance were randomized to receive either ramelteon (N=10) or placebo (N=11) in an 8-week, double-blind, fixed-dose (8 mg/day) study. Ramelteon and placebo had similar rates of reduction in ratings of symptoms of insomnia, mania, and global severity of illness. However, ramelteon was associated with improvement in a global rating of depressive symptoms. It was also well tolerated and associated with no serious adverse events. The small sample size may have limited the ability of the study to detect potentially clinically important drug-placebo differences. Further studies of ramelteon in subgroups of bipolar patients with sleep disturbance, including those with depression or euthymia, seem indicated.
    International clinical psychopharmacology 01/2011; 26(1):48-53. · 3.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine whether divalproex extended release (ER) would be effective in outpatients with DSM-IV-TR-diagnosed ambulatory bipolar spectrum disorder (BSD) and moderate-to-severe hypomanic or mild manic symptoms (hypomania/mild mania). An 8-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of divalproex ER oral loading (begun at 15 mg/kg/d and titrated to a maximum of 30 mg/kg/d) in ambulatory BSD with hypomania/mild mania patients, operationally defined as a Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) score >or= 10 but < 21 at baseline and at 1 other study visit at least 3 days apart over the 2 weeks before baseline, was conducted. Patients were enrolled from October 2003 through November 2007. Sixty patients (n = 30 in the divalproex ER group) had at least 1 postbaseline assessment. The divalproex ER group showed a significantly greater rate of reduction in mean total YMRS score than the placebo group (longitudinal analysis, P = .024). The divalproex ER group also showed more improvement in depressive symptoms the greater the severity of baseline depression (P = .11 for analysis of covariance treatment-by-baseline interaction). Baseline-to-endpoint change scores using last-observation-carried-forward showed that divalproex ER was associated with a marginally significant change in mean total YMRS score (P = .080). Comparable numbers of patients discontinued divalproex ER (n = 17) and placebo (n = 15), including those that discontinued use because of adverse events (n = 4 and 3, respectively). Divalproex ER begun at 15 mg/kg/d was superior to placebo in reducing hypomanic/mild manic symptoms in ambulatory BSD. It was associated with fairly good tolerability but a high discontinuation rate. Controlled trials of divalproex ER and other mood stabilizers in larger groups of ambulatory BSD patients with hypomanic/mild manic symptoms appear warranted. clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00278772.
    The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 02/2010; 71(5):557-65. · 5.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are no randomized, placebo-controlled data for quetiapine in outpatients with bipolar spectrum disorder (ambulatory BSD) and moderate-to-severe hypomanic or mild manic symptoms (hypomania/mild mania). An 8-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of quetiapine in ambulatory BSD with hypomanic/mild manic symptoms, defined operationally as a score of >or=3 but <5 on the mania subscale of the Clinical Global Impressions Scale Modified for Bipolar Illness (CGI-BP) at baseline and one prior study visit, at least 3 days but no more than 2 weeks apart. The primary outcome measure was the rate of change in the Young Mania Rating Scale score (YMRS). During the 8-week study period, patients receiving quetiapine (average daily dose=232mg) had a marginally greater rate of reduction in mean total YMRS score than patients receiving placebo (p=0.06). Additionally, CGI-BP mania (p=0.01) and the CGI-BP overall (p<0.001) scores were significantly reduced and the CGI-depression score (p=0.08) was marginally reduced in the quetiapine group. Six (32%) quetiapine patients and 8 (40%) placebo patients did not complete the trial. Small sample size and high attrition (36%). Quetiapine was marginally more effective than placebo in reducing hypomanic/mild manic symptoms in ambulatory BSD as assessed by the YMRS. It was more effective than placebo in reducing manic symptoms and global bipolar symptoms as assessed by the CGI-BP. The drug's discontinuation rate was similar to placebo's. Controlled trials of quetiapine and other compounds with mood stabilizing properties in larger groups of ambulatory BSD patients with hypomanic/mild manic symptoms appear warranted.
    Journal of affective disorders 12/2009; 124(1-2):157-63. · 3.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Growing evidence suggests that antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) may be useful in managing some eating disorders. In the present paper, we provide a brief overview of eating disorders, the rationale for using AEDs in the treatment of these disorders and review the data supporting the effectiveness of specific AEDs in the treatment of patients with eating disorders. In addition, the potential mechanisms of action of AEDs in these conditions are discussed. Of the available AEDs, topiramate appears to have the broadest spectrum of action as an anti-binge eating, anti-purging and weight loss agent, as demonstrated in two placebo-controlled studies in bulimia nervosa and three placebo-controlled studies in binge-eating disorder (BED) with obesity. Topiramate may also have beneficial effects in night-eating syndrome and sleep-related eating disorder, but controlled trials in these conditions are needed. The results of one small controlled study suggest that zonisamide may have efficacy in BED with obesity. However, both topiramate and zonisamide are associated with adverse effect profiles that may limit their use in patients with eating disorders. Phenytoin may be effective in some patients with compulsive binge eating, particularly if co-morbid EEG abnormalities are present, but available data are too varied to allow definitive conclusions to be made. Carbamazepine and valproate may be effective in treating patients with bulimia nervosa or anorexia nervosa when they are used to treat an associated psychiatric (e.g. mood) or neurological (e.g. seizure) disorder; otherwise, both agents, particularly valproate, are associated with weight gain. In conclusion, AEDs have an emerging role in the management of some eating disorders.
    CNS Drugs 02/2009; 23(2):139-56. · 4.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Increasing evidence indicates that some second-generation antipsychotics are efficacious in bipolar depression, but there are few data on this illness for the novel agent aripiprazole. Aripiprazole response was prospectively assessed for 8 weeks with the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), the Clinical Global Impression Scale Modified for Bipolar Illness (CGI-BP), and the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) in 31 bipolar patients with acute depression inadequately responsive to 1 mood stabilizer. Side effects and body weight were also evaluated. Outcome measures were analyzed with repeated measures ANOVAs. Patients showed a significant decrease in mean MADRS total and CGI-BP-Depression Severity scores, but only 14 (45%) completed the 8-week trial. Thirteen (42%) patients met criteria for response (> or =50% reduction in MADRS total score), 11 (35%) patients met criteria for remission (final MADRS total score < or =12), and 9 (29%) patients discontinued aripiprazole for side effects, most commonly akathisia (N=4). As a group, patients showed statistically insignificant weight gain (0.8+/-2.5 kg) over the 8-week trial. Aripiprazole was associated with beneficial effects on mood in some patients with bipolar depression, but also had a high discontinuation rate, primarily due to side effects. Double-blind, placebo-controlled studies are necessary to determine aripiprazole's efficacy, tolerability, and safety in bipolar depression.
    Journal of Affective Disorders 09/2007; 101(1-3):275-81. · 3.30 Impact Factor