Hong Wang

Soochow University (PRC), Wu-hsien, Jiangsu Sheng, China

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Publications (9)20.77 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Activation of the Wnt signaling pathway has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many tumors as well as in leukemia. However, its role in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is unknown. In this study, we employed methylation-specific PCR to examine the methylation status of six Wnt antagonist genes in 144 MDS patients and in the MDS cell line SKM-1. We also used real-time PCR to examine the expression of Wnt antagonist genes and Wnt pathway genes in the SKM-1 cell line after treatment with 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine. We found that methylation of the gene promoters of each of the six genes were observed in MDS patients at the following methylation frequencies: 41 % for sFRP1, 89.6 % for sFRP2, 43.1 % for sFRP4, 50.7 % for sFRP5, 44.4 % for DKK-1, and 69.4 % for DKK-3. In the SKM-1 cell line, the gene promoters sFRP1, sFRP2, sFRP5, DKK-1, and DKK-3 were methylated, while sFRP4 was not methylated. Treatment of the SKM-1 cell line with 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine induced re-expression of methylated Wnt antagonists and inactivation of the Wnt pathway. Survival analysis showed that methylation status of sFRP1, sFRP4, and sFRP5 was associated with worse survival in MDS and sFRP5 methylation also predicted a high risk of leukemia evolution (P = 0.018). Our results indicate that epigenetic regulation of the Wnt pathway in MDS cell line, and the methylation status of Wnt antagonists predicts prognoses of MDS patients.
    Annals of Hematology 10/2012; · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Several potential risk factors have been identified for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL); however, epidemiological studies investigating the association between these risk factors and DLBCL have yielded inconsistent results. Objectives: To investigate potential medical, lifestyle, and environmental risk factors of DLBCL in Shanghai, China through a hospital-based case-control study. Method: One-hundred- and-forty-seven newly diagnosed DLBCL patients and 294 sex- and age-matched controls were recruited from 11 hospitals in Shanghai between 2003 and 2007. A standardized structured questionnaire was used to obtain patient data on demographics, medical history, family history, lifestyle, and environmental exposures. Conditional logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios (ORs), with 95% confidence intervals (CIs), for risk associated with each data category. Results: History of tuberculosis (TB) infection and "living on a farm" were positively associated with DLBCL (TB: OR=3.05, 95% CI: 1.19-7.80; farm: OR=1.82, 95% CI: 1.21-2.73). In contrast, taking traditional Chinese medicine was negatively associated with DLBCL (OR=0.36, 95% CI: 0.14- 0.89). No significant correlation with DLBCL risk was found for any of the other potential risk factors (p>0.05), including but not limited to hair dyes, alcohol drinking, smoking, and home/workplace renovation within one year. Conclusions: Consistent with results from previous studies in other DLBCL case populations, traditional Chinese medicine appeared to have a direct or indirect protective effect against DLBCL. However, this study also identified a possible predisposition for DLBCL in TB sufferers and farmers.
    Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 01/2012; 13(7):3329-34. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), characterized by the decreased production of blood cells, often progresses to acute myeloid leukemia (AML), a sign of poor prognosis of MDS. In AML, the Wnt/β-catenin pathway is aberrantly activated, suggesting that the increased pathway activity may be correlated with the development and prognosis of MDS. SOX7 protein, encoded by the sex-determining region Y-box 7 (SOX7) gene, inhibits the activity of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Because the DNA methylation can regulate the transcription of SOX7 gene, we used the methylation-specific PCR to investigate the methylation status of the CpG island in MDS patients to determine the potential correlation of the SOX7 methylation with the development and prognosis of MDS. We found that the CpG island of the SOX7 gene was methylated in 58.1% (97/167) of MDS patients, but not in any healthy control. Furthermore, the percentage of patients with the methylated CpG island of the SOX7 gene was significantly higher in patients at advanced stages of MDS than in the patients at early stages. The increased percentages of this SOX7 methylation were also correlated with age, marrow blast levels, and International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) risk. After prognostic analysis, we found that patients with the methylated CpG island of the SOX7 gene had shorter overall survival and cumulative survival than patients with unmethylated CpG island. Our findings suggest that the methylation of the CpG island of the SOX7 gene can be used as a predictive factor for the development and prognosis of MDS patients.
    The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine 01/2012; 227(2):119-28. · 1.37 Impact Factor
  • Annals of Hematology 12/2011; 91(8):1321-2. · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prognostic value of karyotype in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is generally appreciated. However, the factors that are predictive of prognosis of patients with abnormal karyotypes are not known. In this study, we evaluated the prognostic value of International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) and World Health Organization classification-based prognostic scoring system (WPSS) in 164 adult MDS patients with abnormal karyotypes. We also analyzed the prognostic relevance of mean corpuscular volume (MCV) in these patients. We found that both IPSS and WPSS had strong prognostic value in patients with abnormal karyotypes (P < 0.001, P < 0.001). Furthermore, we observed the significant differences in the survival of patients with abnormal karyotypes based on MCV stratification: The median survival of patients with macrocytosis was 31.0 months, significantly longer than the 16.5-month median survival time of patients with MCVs of less than 100 fl (P = 0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed that lower level of hemoglobin (P = 0.012, HR = 6.83), higher level of marrow blasts (P < 0.001, HR = 1.93), complex karyotype (P = 0.001, HR = 3.32), and MCV of less than 100 fl (P = 0.026, HR = 1.75) were independent risk factors that affected the survival of patients with abnormal karyotypes.
    Annals of Hematology 02/2010; 89(7):671-9. · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Clonal chromosomal abnormalities are observed in 30-50% of primary myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients. Although the prognostic relevance of cytogenetics is generally appreciated, the prognostic value of cytogenetic evolution has rarely been evaluated. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed cytogenetic features at diagnosis and during follow-up in 85 patients with primary MDS. Cytogenetic evolution occurred in 18 of the 85 patients (21%), with chromosomes 8, 5, and 1 most often involved. Patients with higher levels of marrow blasts (P = 0.034), more advanced stages of World Health Organization (WHO) subtypes (44% vs. 16%, P = 0.035), and higher risk International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) subgroups (47% vs. 16%, P = 0.021) had higher incidences of developing cytogenetic evolution. Furthermore, the median survival of patients in the group with cytogenetic evolution was 25.8 months, compared with 45.4 months for patients in the group without cytogenetic evolution (P = 0.01). The same result was also found for time to progression: patients with cytogenetic evolution progressed more rapidly than those without cytogenetic evolution (P = 0.007). Knowledge of cytogenetic evolution offers useful information for clinicians to make more accurate prognostic assessments for patients with MDS.
    Cancer genetics and cytogenetics 01/2010; 196(2):159-66. · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It has been suggested that Asian and Western myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients have different cytogenetic and prognostic features. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed clinical and cytogenetic data from 435 Chinese adult primary MDS patients. In addition, we evaluated the prognostic value of the World Health Organization classification as well as six prognostic scoring systems in these patients. The median follow-up time was 25.1 months (5.5-53.2). Of the 435 patients, 186 (42.8%) had died and 40 (9.2%) had progressed to acute myeloid leukemia. Multivariate analysis identified older age, higher percent of marrow blasts, and poor-risk IPSS cytogenetics as characteristics associated with worse survival and higher risk of leukemia transformation. Low platelets, hemoglobin, and mean corpuscular volume were independent factors associated only with worse survival. Among the 424 patients in whom the results of cytogenetic analyses were available, 164 (38.7%) showed karyotypic abnormalities. Incidence of trisomy 8 was common but sole del(5q) was rare in Chinese MDS patients. For predicting survival, most scoring systems were meaningful for stratifying patients into different subgroups, with the exception of the WPSS scoring system. For predicting leukemia evolution, the Spanish scoring system was most effective. Patients with RAEB-2 showed different prognoses from those with RAEB-1. However, there was no significant difference in prognoses between patients with refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia (RCMD) from RA or RARS. In summary, this analysis indicated the presence of a different cytogenetic pattern as well as prognostic features in Chinese MDS patients.
    Annals of Hematology 11/2009; 89(6):535-44. · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Current prognostic models for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) do not consider the prognostic value of a bone marrow blast level that is <5%. Exploring the prognostic value of the International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) and a marrow blast level that is <5% may lead to better risk-adapted therapeutic strategies. According to the World Health Organization classification, most of our patients (65.5%) fell into the new category 'refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia' (RCMD). We evaluated the prognostic value of the IPSS in 435 adult patients with de novo MDS and in the 285 of them that had RCMD in a Chinese population. We also analyzed the prognostic value of bone marrow blast levels in patients with RCMD and in different IPSS risk groups. We found a significant difference in survival times between RCMD patients with a marrow blast level of 3.5% or higher vs. those with a blast level of <3.5%, with median survival times of 23.7 and 40.8 months, respectively. In addition, application of a marrow blast level cutoff of 3.5% in patients with RCMD could identify patients with a lower IPSS risk but with a potentially worse prognosis. Multivariate analysis showed marrow blast level (using 3.5% as the cutoff) to be an independent factor that impacted survival times of patients with RCMD. Furthermore, we also found that IPSS had strong prognostic value in Chinese RCMD population. In patients with RCMD, a higher percentage of marrow blasts was associated with a worse prognosis.
    European Journal Of Haematology 10/2009; 83(6):550-8. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epigenetic gene silencing due to promoter methylation is observed in human cancers like acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Little is known about aberrant methylation in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), a heterogeneous clonal stem cell disorder with a approximately 30% risk of transformation into secondary AML. Recent evidence demonstrated that ID4, a negative regulator of transcription, may act as a tumor-suppressor gene. To clarify the role of ID4 in MDS, we employed methylation-specific PCR (MSP) to examine the methylation status of ID4 in 144 adult de novo MDS patients. We found that ID4 methylation was present in 35.4% (n=51) of these MDS patients and methylaiton was correlated significantly with World Health Organization (WHO) subtypes and International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) risk groups. Patients with advanced stages of WHO subtypes (45.8% vs. 21.3%, P=0.002) and higher risk IPSS subgroups (45.7% vs. 26.0%, P=0.014) exhibited a significantly higher frequency of ID4 methylation. The median survival of patients with ID4 methylation was shorter than patients without ID4 methylation (12.2 months vs. 26.9 months, P=0.005). Multivariate analysis indicated that ID4 methylation status was the independent factor that impacted leukemia-free survival (LFS). Disease in patients with ID4 methylation progressed more rapidly than those without ID4 methylation (P=0.047, HR=2.11). Our results suggest that ID4 may be a therapeutic target in MDS.
    Leukemia research 10/2009; 34(5):598-604. · 2.36 Impact Factor