Jerry W Lin

Stanford Medicine, Stanford, California, United States

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Publications (6)8.81 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To review the presentation and management of improper electrode array placement, and to help guide clinical decision-making. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Pediatric and adult cochlear implant patients managed from January 2001 to present whose electrode arrays were not placed properly within the cochlea or extended beyond the cochlea into the internal auditory canal or adjacent structures. RESULTS: Four patients, three pediatric and one adult, were identified from over 824 cases (< 1%) managed over the study duration. All cases had normal cochlear anatomy. These cases were initially identified due to poor auditory skill development or absent behavioral responses following implantation, which prompted imaging. Two patients presented several years after surgery. Sites of improper placement included the eustachian tube, vestibule, internal carotid artery canal, and internal auditory canal (IAC). Intraoperative findings and management are reviewed. CONCLUSIONS: Electrode array malpositioning is a rare, but serious and correctable complication in cochlear implant surgery. A multidisciplinary approach, including prompt audiologic evaluation and imaging, is important, particularly when benefit from the implant is limited or absent. Management of electrode arrays in the IAC may be more challenging. Laryngoscope, 2012.
    The Laryngoscope 01/2013; · 1.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chondroblastoma-like chondroma (CLC) of soft tissue is a rare benign neoplasm that usually involves the soft tissues of the hand. This report describes the first case of CLC of soft tissue arising in the base of the skull. A 33-year-old man was seen with a slow growing mass in the right parotid region of his face. The noncontrast computed tomographic scans showed an 8.5-cm mass with calcifications involving the right masticator space and extending through the bone into the middle cranial fossa. The radiologic differential diagnosis included osteosarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, and giant cell tumor. During surgery, the large lateral skull base tumor appeared to involve the middle and infratemporal fossae and eroded the surrounding bone. Although the tumor was removed piecemeal, total excision was performed. On microscopic examination, the tumor displayed lobules of mature hyaline cartilage with numerous chondroblasts, coarse calcifications including chicken wire calcifications, and scattered osteoclasts. No atypia, mitoses, necrosis, or osteoid formation was seen. The tumor was diagnosed as chondroma with chondroblastoma features of the soft tissue. His postoperative clinical course was uneventful; however, after 7 months, he had a local recurrence identified on follow-up magnetic resonance imaging. He underwent repeat surgical excision of the tumor, which showed similar histology as the previous excision. This large skull based tumor eroding the bone, which clinically and radiologically mimicked a malignant process, was an unusual presentation of a benign cartilaginous neoplasm. Pathologists should be aware that CLC may occur in the base of the skull and this lesion should be differentiated from the other benign or malignant tumors arising in this area. These lesions have a potential for local recurrence; hence, a close follow-up is recommended.
    Annals of diagnostic pathology 06/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: Selection of diagnostic tests for children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is influenced by clinical suspicion. Testing results reported in the literature are similarly biased. We evaluate the usefulness of a comprehensive diagnostic battery for each child. Retrospective review. Tertiary care university hospital. A total of 270 children referred for severe to profound SNHL between January 2002 and June 2009. Results of the following were reviewed: magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, renal ultrasound, electrocardiography, fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test, connexin 26 sequencing, genetic consultation, and ophthalmologic consultation. Diagnostic yield of each test was determined. Each diagnostic test or consultation was completed by at least 95% of patients for whom it was ordered. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed abnormalities explaining SNHL in 24% of patients. Computed tomography showed inner ear anomalies in 18% of patients. Biallelic connexin 26 mutations were found in 15%. Renal ultrasound found anomalies in 4% of patients. Electrocardiography found 1% of patients with prolonged QT intervals. Fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test result was positive in 0.5%. Genetic consultation found a genetic cause for hearing loss in 25%. Ophthalmologic consultation found abnormalities associated with hearing loss in 8%. Diagnostic radiologic imaging is the highest yielding test for evaluating children with SNHL. Connexin 26 sequencing identifies a nearly nonoverlapping subset of children compared with imaging. Specialty consultations, particularly from a clinical geneticist, can improve diagnostic yield. Other tests, although of lower diagnostic yield for SNHL, can identify important diseases that significantly affect patient health.
    Otology & neurotology: official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology 02/2011; 32(2):259-64. · 1.44 Impact Factor
  • Jerry W Lin, John S Oghalai
    The Laryngoscope 01/2011; 121(1):4-5. · 1.98 Impact Factor
  • Jeffrey T Vrabec, Jerry W Lin
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    ABSTRACT: To define the prevalence of inner ear anomalies in aural atresia patients and to recognize patterns of developmental anomalies in aural atresia patients. Retrospective review. Academic medical center. Physical exam, audiometry, and temporal bone CT in selected patients. Pediatric patients with aural atresia. Prevalence of inner ear anomalies and coexisting facial paralysis or sensorineural hearing loss. In this series of 118 patients with aural atresia, associated facial palsy was seen in 13%, whereas inner ear anomalies were present in 22%, including all patients with facial palsy. Interestingly, the inner ear anomalies often did not display a significant sensorineural hearing loss. Bilateral inner ear anomalies were frequently encountered despite unilateral atresia. Most anomalies involved the semicircular canals including several uncommon variants of posterior semicircular canal anatomy. Inner ear anomalies are common in the presence of aural atresia, especially when there is concurrent congenital facial palsy. The presence of inner ear anomalies should be recognized as a common feature of craniofacial microsomia.
    Otology & neurotology: official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology 12/2010; 31(9):1421-6. · 1.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the characteristics of pediatric cochlear implant channel malfunction preceding device failure. : Retrospective review. All pediatric patients who underwent cochlear implantation at a tertiary academic medical center were reviewed regarding device type, reason for replacement, time to replacement, and timing and pattern of channel faults in failed versus nonfailed devices. Between 1993 and 2008, 264 pediatric cochlear implantations were performed. With an average 894-day follow-up, the replacement rate was 9.5% (25/264). Reasons for replacement were device failure (6.4%), medical/surgical failure (2.3%), and obsolescence (0.8%). Replacement rates were comparable among Advanced Bionics (13.3%), Cochlear Corporation (6.3%), and MED-EL (10.3%) devices. Fifty-two cochlear implants developed at least one channel fault, and 13 eventually progressed to failure requiring replacement. MED-EL devices comprised 12 of these 13 failures. At the 12-month follow-up interval, one, three, and five channel faults predicted 40%, 75%, and 100% probabilities of eventual electrode failure, respectively. Channels destined to fail demonstrated small, yet statistically significant, impedance elevations 12 months before failure and large elevations 3 months before failure. Replacement of cochlear implants in pediatric patients is common and is due to device malfunction about one half of the time. Earlier initial channel fault, earlier subsequent channel faults, adjacent channel faults, and a greater total number of channel faults were associated with the need for replacement surgery. Elevations in a channel's impedance should raise the concern for an impending failure. These predictors can help the cochlear implant team when considering surgery to replace the device.
    The Laryngoscope 11/2009; 120(2):399-404. · 1.98 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

21 Citations
8.81 Total Impact Points


  • 2011–2013
    • Stanford Medicine
      Stanford, California, United States
  • 2012
    • Houston Methodist Hospital
      Houston, Texas, United States
  • 2009–2011
    • Baylor College of Medicine
      • Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
      Houston, Texas, United States