[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Osteoclasts (OCs) are multinucleated giant cells that resorb bone matrix. Accelerated bone destruction by OCs might cause several metabolic bone-related diseases, such as osteoporosis and inflammatory bone loss. D-pinitol (3-O-methyl-D-chiro-inositol) is a prominent component of dietary legumes and is actively converted to D-chiro-inositol, which is a putative insulin-like mediator. In this study, we analyzed the effect of D-chiro-inositol on OC differentiation. METHODS: To analyze the role of D-chiro-inositol on OC differentiation, we examined OC differentiation by the three types of osteoclastogenesis cultures with tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining and solution assay. Then, we carried out cell fusion assay with purified TRAP(+) mononuclear OC precursors. Finally, we analyzed the effect of D-chiro-inositol on OC maker expression in response to the regulation of nuclear factor of activated T cells c1 (NFATc1). RESULTS: We demonstrated that D-chiro-inositol acts as an inhibitor of receptor activator of NF-κB ligand-induced OC differentiation. The formation of multinucleated OCs by cell-cell fusion is reduced by treatment with D-chiro-inositol in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, we demonstrated that D-chiro-inositol inhibits the expression of several osteoclastogenic genes by down-regulating NFATc1. CONCLUSIONS: We have shown that D-chiro-inositol is negatively involved in osteoclastogenesis through the inhibition of multinucleated OC formation by cell-cell fusion. The expression of NFATc1 was significantly down-regulated by D-chiro-inositol in OCs and consequently, the expression of OC marker genes was significantly reduced. Hence, these results show that D-chiro-inositol might be a good candidate to treat inflammatory bone-related diseases or secondary osteoporosis in diabetes mellitus.
Journal of Clinical Immunology 06/2012; · 3.38 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The increasing usage of antibiotics in the animal farming industry is an emerging worldwide problem contributing to the development of antibiotic resistance. The purpose of this work was to investigate the prevalence and antibiotic resistance profile of bacterial isolates collected from animal farming aquatic environments and meats in a peri-urban community in Daejeon, Korea. In an antibacterial susceptibility test, the bacterial isolates showed a high incidence of resistance (∼26.04%) to cefazolin, tetracycline, gentamycin, norfloxacin, erythromycin and vancomycin. The results from a test for multiple antibiotic resistance indicated that the isolates were displaying an approximately 5-fold increase in the incidence of multiple antibiotic resistance to combinations of two different antibiotics compared to combinations of three or more antibiotics. Most of the isolates showed multi-antibiotic resistance, and the resistance patterns were similar among the sampling groups. Sequencing data analysis of 16S rRNA showed that most of the resistant isolates appeared to be dominated by the classes Betaproteobacteria and Gammaproteobacteria, including the genera Delftia, Burkholderia, Escherichia, Enterobacter, Acinetobacter, Shigella and Pseudomonas.
Journal of Environmental Monitoring 05/2012; 14(6):1616-21. · 2.09 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Protein arginine methylation is involved in viral infection and replication through the modulation of diverse cellular processes including RNA metabolism, cytokine signaling, and subcellular localization. It has been suggested previously that the protein arginine methylation of the RGG-box of ICP27 is required for herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1) viral replication and gene expression in vivo. However, a cellular mediator for this process has not yet been identified. In our current study, we show that the protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) is a cellular mediator of the arginine methylation of ICP27 RGG-box. We generated arginine substitution mutants in this domain and examined which arginine residues are required for methylation by PRMT1. R138, R148 and R150 were found to be the major sites of this methylation but additional arginine residues serving as minor methylation sites are still required to sustain the fully methylated form of ICP27 RGG. We also demonstrate that the nuclear foci-like structure formation, SRPK interactions, and RNA-binding activity of ICP27 are modulated by the arginine methylation of the ICP27 RGG-box. Furthermore, HSV-1 replication is inhibited by hypomethylation of this domain resulting from the use of general PRMT inhibitors or arginine mutations. Our data thus suggest that the PRMT1 plays a key role as a cellular regulator of HSV-1 replication through ICP27 RGG-box methylation.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 11/2009; 391(1):322-8. · 2.41 Impact Factor