[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The use of 2-octylcyanoacrylate (OCA) has been evaluated for the treatment of nail bed injuries in adults. We propose to validate this technique in a continuous paediatric population of 30 children.
Patients with nail bed injuries associated with displaced fractures of the distal phalanx were excluded from the study. However, parcellar fractures of the tuft were included. After removal of the nail, wound detersion and anatomic positioning of the nail bed was done and maintained under the nail plate using a single dose of OCA. Follow-up evaluation was done at day 7 and 1 and 3 months.
The mean delay between the trauma and the surgery was 13.5 h. The nail bed lesion was a single transversal wound in 27 cases. A pulpar wound was associated in 22 cases. At 3 months control (final follow-up), no pain or functional impairment was noted. The cosmetic result was excellent for the patient and his family in 30 out of 31 cases. It was excellent for the surgeon in 25 cases and good in six cases.
In the OCA technique, meticulous primary detersion and exact anatomic positioning of the damaged nail bed is mandatory before applying the cyanoacrylate adhesive. In our experience, we found that the OCA technique provided a fast and safe result in nail bed lesions. The final cosmetic appearance, function and patient satisfaction were good in our series. In these lesions, discomfort and inconvenience associated with suture removal could be avoided by the use of OCA.
Journal of Children s Orthopaedics 11/2009; 4(1):61-5.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Application and assessment of the usefulness of image transfer through a mobile telephone in pediatric orthopaedic practice was investigated.
Twenty patients with traumatic lesions requiring urgent consultation were included. Relevant x-rays were photographed and transferred using Multimedia Messaging Service to the orthopaedic surgeon at our department. The discussion on the need to transfer the patient for treatment and the final treatment was retrospectively scrutinized by 10 independent orthopaedic surgeons. The agreement on the diagnosis and the management plan proposed after image transfer were assessed.
The lesion concerned the lower limb in 6 cases, upper limbs in 13 cases, and the spine in 1 case in patients aged 2 to 16 years. The transmitted images were 160 x 120-pixel jpeg files in 1 case, 240 x 180-pixel jpeg files in 8 cases, 320 x 240-pixel jpeg files in 1 case, and 640 x 480-pixel jpeg files in 10 cases. In all the cases studied, all the investigators agreed that the images were good enough for doing the diagnosis even in cases of minor or nondisplaced fractures. The same decisions of transfer or management were taken in all the cases by all the investigators. Review of the transferred images versus the original full-scale images did not change the final diagnosis and management plan.
In this study, even in case of low-resolution images (160 x 120-pixel jpeg), images were of sufficiently high quality for interpretation. This enables rational management decisions to be made using this costless and widely available technology. In patients requiring surgical treatment, a final operative decision is mandatory after transfer, bedside examination, and review of other data in addition to images. Teleconsultation using Multimedia Messaging Service is especially useful to improve remote management of orthopaedic patients in local hospitals or for decisions of transfer when surgical treatment is needed.
Level IV (case series).
Journal of pediatric orthopedics 30(3):296-300. · 1.23 Impact Factor