Jin-Ju Zhang

Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Beijing, Beijing Shi, China

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Publications (3)9.53 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: • Premise of the study: A novel set of simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were developed and characterized from the expressed sequence tag (EST) database of Liriodendron tulipifera for application in population genetic studies of Liriodendron.• Methods and Results: Thirty-nine polymorphic EST-SSR loci were identified among 27 individuals sampled from a cultivated population of L. tulipifera. The number of alleles per locus ranged from three to 18. The average observed heterozygosity and expected heterozygosity were 0.684 and 0.778, respectively. Of the 39 loci, 32 showed interspecific transferability and polymorphism in a related species, L. chinense. The number of alleles per locus ranged from two to 11, and the average observed heterozygosity and expected heterozygosity were 0.475 and 0.736, respectively.• Conclusions: The developed EST-SSR markers will be useful for investigating adaptive genetic differentiation in Liriodendron.
    American Journal of Botany 10/2012; · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A set of cpSSR markers were developed for the tree genus Liriodendron L. to investigate population genetic structure and phylogeographic history. Primers were designed directly from the chloroplast genome sequences of Liriodendron tulipifera. Among the 55 cpSSR markers tested, 11 polymorphic markers were identified in L. tulipifera. The number of alleles in the population tested ranged from two to five, and the unbiased haploid diversity per locus ranged from 0.074 to 0.644. Eighteen primer pairs generated polymorphic amplification in L. chinense. The number of alleles per locus ranged from two to seven, and the unbiased haploid diversity per locus was from 0.250 to 0.964. cpSSR markers developed here will be useful for phylogeography and population genetics studies of Liriodendron.
    American Journal of Botany 05/2011; 98(5):e123-6. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: For endangered plants interspecific hybridization occurring in ex situ collections may lead to failure of reintroduction actions. We used Sinojackia xylocarpa, a well documented Chinese endemic species that is extinct in the wild, as a model case to address this concern. We used paternity analyses to assess the spontaneous hybridization and patterns of pollen flow between S. xylocarpa and its congener species, S. rehderiana, in conserved populations in Wuhan Botanic Garden. Interspecific hybridization events were detected in seven out of eight maternal trees of S. xylocarpa, and an average of 32.7% seeds collected from maternal trees of S. xylocarpa were hybrids. The paternity of 93 out of 249 seedlings from S. xylocarpa assigned to S. rehderiana provided convincing evidence that spontaneous interspecific hybridization occurred extensively in the living garden collection we studied. Different patterns of pollen dispersal (predominantly short-distance vs. long-distance pollination) were observed between intra- and interspecific hybridization events in the garden. Pollen dispersal within the ex situ populations was not restricted by distance, as evidenced by a lack of significant correlations between the average effective pollen dispersal distance (delta) and the geographic distances (d1 and d2) between maternal and paternal trees. The interspecific pollen-dispersal distance ranged from 10 to 620.1 m (mean 294.4 m). Such extensive hybridization in ex situ collections could jeopardize the genetic integrity of endangered species and irrevocably contaminate the gene pool if such hybrids are used for reintroduction and restoration. We recommend strongly that measures be taken to minimize the genetic risks of this kind of hybridization, including establishing buffer zones in ex situ collections, manipulating flowering phenology, testing seed lots before use in reintroduction programs, and controlling pollination for seed purity.
    Conservation Biology 11/2009; 24(1):246-55. · 4.36 Impact Factor