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ABSTRACT: The administration of methamphetamine (METH; 10mg/kg, i.p.) to male ICR mice induced bizarre behaviors including persistent locomotion and stereotypical behaviors, which were classified into four categories: stereotypical head-bobbing, circling, sniffing, and biting. Pretreatment with l-histidine (750 mg/kg, i.p.) significantly decreased the stereotypical biting induced by METH and significantly increased persistent locomotion. This effect of l-histidine on behavior was completely abolished by simultaneous administration of pyrilamine or ketotifen (brain-penetrating histamine H(1) receptor antagonists; 10mg/kg each, i.p.), but not by the administration of fexofenadine (a non-sedating histamine H(1) receptor antagonist that does not cross the blood-brain barrier; 20mg/kg), zolantidine (a brain-penetrating histamine H(2) receptor antagonist; 10mg/kg), thioperamide, or clobenpropit (brain-penetrating histamine H(3) receptor antagonists; 10mg/kg each). The histamine content of the hypothalamus was significantly increased by l-histidine treatment. These data suggest that l-histidine modifies the effects of METH through central histamine H(1) receptors.
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 11/2009; 94(3):464-70. · 2.61 Impact Factor