[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Unchained base reads on self-assembling DNA nanoarrays have recently emerged as a promising approach to low-cost, high-quality resequencing of human genomes. Because of unique characteristics of these mated pair reads, existing computational methods for resequencing assembly, such as those based on map-consensus calling, are not adequate for accurate variant calling. We describe novel computational methods developed for accurate calling of SNPs and short substitutions and indels (<100 bp); the same methods apply to evaluation of hypothesized larger, structural variations. We use an optimization process that iteratively adjusts the genome sequence to maximize its a posteriori probability given the observed reads. For each candidate sequence, this probability is computed using Bayesian statistics with a simple read generation model and simplifying assumptions that make the problem computationally tractable. The optimization process iteratively applies one-base substitutions, insertions, and deletions until convergence is achieved to an optimum diploid sequence. A local de novo assembly procedure that generalizes approaches based on De Bruijn graphs is used to seed the optimization process in order to reduce the chance of converging to local optima. Finally, a correlation-based filter is applied to reduce the false positive rate caused by the presence of repetitive regions in the reference genome.
Journal of computational biology: a journal of computational molecular cell biology 12/2011; 19(3):279-92. DOI:10.1089/cmb.2011.0201 · 1.74 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Genome sequencing of large numbers of individuals promises to advance the understanding, treatment, and prevention of human
diseases, among other applications. We describe a genome sequencing platform that achieves efficient imaging and low reagent
consumption with combinatorial probe anchor ligation chemistry to independently assay each base from patterned nanoarrays
of self-assembling DNA nanoballs. We sequenced three human genomes with this platform, generating an average of 45- to 87-fold
coverage per genome and identifying 3.2 to 4.5 million sequence variants per genome. Validation of one genome data set demonstrates
a sequence accuracy of about 1 false variant per 100 kilobases. The high accuracy, affordable cost of $4400 for sequencing
consumables, and scalability of this platform enable complete human genome sequencing for the detection of rare variants in
large-scale genetic studies.