Yajie Liu

Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu Sheng, China

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Publications (4)10.32 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate whether abscisic acid (ABA), a second messenger in chilling stress responses, is involved in brassinosteroids (BRs)-induced chilling tolerance in suspension cultured cells from Chorispora bungeana. The suspension cells were treated with 24-epibrassinolide (EBR), ABA, ABA biosynthesis inhibitor fluridone (Flu) and EBR in combination with Flu. Their effects on chilling tolerance, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and antioxidant defense system were analyzed. The results showed that EBR treatment markedly alleviated the decrease of cell viability and the increases of ion leakage and lipid peroxidation induced by chilling stress, suggesting that application of EBR could improve the chilling tolerance of C. bungeana suspension cultures. In addition, similar results were observed when exogenous ABA was applied. Treatment with Flu alone and in combination with EBR significantly suppressed cell viability and increased ion leakage and lipid peroxidation under low temperature conditions, indicating that the inhibition of ABA biosynthesis could decrease the chilling tolerance of C. bungeana suspension cultures and the EBR-enhanced chilling tolerance. Further analyses showed that EBR and ABA enhanced antioxidant defense and slowed down the accumulation of ROS caused by chilling. However, Flu application differentially blocked these protective effects of EBR. Moreover, EBR was able to mimic the effect of ABA by markedly increasing ABA content in the suspension cells under chilling conditions, whereas the EBR-induced ABA accumulation was inhibited by the addition of Flu. Taken together, these results demonstrate that EBR may confer chilling tolerance to C. bungeana suspension cultured cells by enhancing the antioxidant defense system, which is partially mediated by ABA, resulting in preventing the overproduction of ROS to alleviate oxidative injury induced by chilling.
    Journal of plant physiology 03/2011; 168(9):853-62. · 2.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, we used suspension cultured cells from Chorispora bungeana Fisch. and C.A. Mey to investigate whether nitric oxide (NO) is involved in the signaling pathway of chilling adaptive responses. Low temperatures at 4 °C or 0 °C induced ion leakage, lipid peroxidation and cell viability suppression, which were dramatically alleviated by exogenous application of NO donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP). The levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were obviously reduced, and the activities of antioxidant enzymes such as ascorbate peroxidase (APX, EC 1.11.1.11), catalase (CAT, EC 1.11.1.6), glutathione reductase (GR, EC 1.6.4.2), peroxidase (POD, EC 1.11.1.7) and superoxide dismutase (SOD, EC 1.15.1.1) and the contents of ascorbic acid (AsA) and reduced glutathione (GSH) increased evidently in the presence of SNP under chilling stress. In addition, under low temperature conditions, treatment with NO scavenger PTIO or mammalian NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor l-NAME remarkably aggravated oxidative damage in the suspension cultures compared with that of chilling treatment alone. Moreover, measurements of NOS activity and NO production showed that both NOS activity and endogenous NO content increased markedly under chilling stress. The accumulation of NO was inhibited by l-NAME in chilling-treated cultures, indicating that most NO production under chilling may be generated from NOS-like activity. Collectively, these results suggest that chilling-induced NO accumulation can effectively protect against oxidative injury and that NOS like activity-dependent NO production might act as an antioxidant directly scavengering ROS or operate as a signal activating antioxidant defense under chilling stress, thus conferring an increased tolerance to chilling in C. bungeana suspension cultures.
    Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 09/2010; 48(12):936-44. · 2.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Polygalacturonase-inhibiting proteins (PGIPs) are plant defense proteins. To date, no spatial distribution of PGIPs and interaction between PGIPs and nitric oxide (NO) in plant were described. Here, we first reported the full-length cDNA sequence of PGIP of Chorispora bungeana (CbPGIP1). Notably, immunofluorescence localization showed that the CbPGIP was evenly distributed in leaves but it was mainly localized in epidermis and vascular bundle in stems and roots. Further studies indicated that CbPGIP had higher abundance in roots than in stems and leaves. Conversely, the bulk PGIP of C. bungeana showed a higher activity in leaves than in stems and roots. In addition, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction demonstrated that CbPGIP1 expression was induced by Stemphylium solani, salicylic acid (SA), 4, -4 degrees C and NO. This is a first report attempting to predict if NO can induce the PGIP expression. Taken together, these findings showed that the gene was spatially regulated and NO and SA might take part in CbPGIP1 expression induced by biotic and abiotic stresses. This study highlighted the potential importance of CbPGIP1 and NO in plant resistance.
    Planta 11/2009; 231(1):169-78. · 3.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Brassinosteroids (BRs), a class of plant steroid hormones, play a significant role in the amelioration of various biotic and abiotic stresses. In order to further explore and elaborate their roles in plants subjected to chilling stress, suspension cultured cells of Chorispora bungeana with or without 24-epibrassinolide (EBR) application were exposed to 4 and 0°C for 5days. The EBR treated cells exhibited higher viability after exposure to low temperatures compared with the control. Under chilling stress, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and lipid peroxidation were increased in the cultured cells, which were significantly inhibited by EBR application. The activities of antioxidative enzymes such as ascorbate peroxidase (APX), catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were increased during chilling treatments, and these increases were more significant in the EBR applied suspension cells. The EBR treatment also greatly enhanced contents of ascorbic acid (AsA) and reduced glutathione (GSH) under chilling stress. From these results, it can be concluded that EBR could play the positive roles in the alleviation of oxidative damage caused by ROS overproduction through enhancing antioxidant defense system, resulting in improving the tolerance of C. bungeana suspension cultures to chilling stress.
    Plant Growth Regulation 01/2009; 59(3):207-214. · 1.67 Impact Factor