Silke Krüger

Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen, Gieben, Hesse, Germany

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Publications (3)4.38 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Regeneration and reestablishment of synaptic connections is an important topic in neurobiological research. In the present study, the regeneration of auditory afferents and the accompanying effects in the central nervous system are investigated in nymphs and adults of the bush cricket Tettigonia viridissima L. (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae). In all animals in which the tympanal nerve is crushed, neuronal tracing shows a regrowth of the afferents into the prothoracic ganglion. This regeneration is seen in both adult and nymphal stages and starts 10–15 days after nerve crushing. Physiological recordings from the leg nerve indicate a recovery of tympanal fibres and a formation of functional connections to interneurones in the same time range. Electrophysiological recordings from the neck connective suggest additional contralateral sprouting of interneurones and the formation of aberrant connections. The regeneration processes of the tympanal nerve in nymphal stages and adults appear to be similar.
    Physiological Entomology 09/2011; 36(3). · 1.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Orthopterans are suitable model organisms for investigations of regeneration mechanisms in the auditory system. Regeneration has been described in the auditory systems of locusts (Caelifera) and of crickets (Ensifera). In this study, we comparatively investigate the neural regeneration in the auditory system in the bush cricket Mecopoda elongata. A crushing of the tympanal nerve in the foreleg of M. elongata results in a loss of auditory information transfer. Physiological recordings of the tympanal nerve suggest outgrowing fibers 5 days after crushing. An anatomical regeneration of the fibers within the central nervous system starts 10 days after crushing. The neuronal projection reaches the target area at day 20. Threshold values to low frequency airborne sound remain high after crushing, indicating a lower regeneration capability of this group of fibers. However, within the central target area the low frequency areas are also innervated. Recordings of auditory interneurons show that the regenerating fibers form new functional connections starting at day 20 after crushing.
    Journal of Comparative Physiology 10/2010; 197(2):181-92. · 1.86 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Silke Krüger, Reinhard Lakes-Harlan
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    ABSTRACT: Nervous systems are capable of structural adjustments. Such plastic changes also occur in the auditory system of the locust Schistocerca gregaria in which a deafferentation leads to compensatory mechanisms, such as collateral sprouting of interneurons. In this study we further investigated lesion related changes in the major auditory neuropil, the median ventral association center (mVAC) of the metathoracic ganglion. The auditory sensory organ of adult locusts was unilaterally extirpated and the mVAC was histologically and immunocytochemically analyzed until 20 days postoperative. Measurements of the neuropil area in transverse sections showed a decrease in size. The putative transmitter of the afferents, acetylcholine, was investigated by acetylcholinesterase histochemistry. Comparisons of staining intensities in the intact and deafferentated mVAC indicated that the amount of acetylcholinesterase in the deafferentated mVAC decreased shortly after the operation. Both, the decreases in size of the mVAC as well as that in acetylcholinesterase histochemistry were only less than 10% compared to the controls. The immunoreactivity against the neurotransmitters gamma-amino butyric acid and serotonin was not influenced by the deafferentation.
    Arthropod structure & development 11/2009; 39(1):26-32. · 1.11 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

5 Citations
4.38 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009–2011
    • Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
      • • Institut für Tierphysiologie
      • • Institut für Physiologie
      Gieben, Hesse, Germany