Satoshi Soeta

Nippon Veterinary and Life Science University, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (26)37.8 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Degenerative cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) rupture is characterized histologically by degenerating extracellular matrix (ECM) and chondroid metaplasia. Here, we describe the progression of chondroid metaplasia and the changes in the expression of ECM components in canine CCL rupture (CCLR). CCLs from 26 stifle joints with CCLR (CCLR group) and normal CCLs from 12 young beagles (control group) were examined histologically and immunohistochemically for expression of type I (COLI), type II (COLII), type III collagen (COLIII) and Sry-type HMG box 9 (SOX9). Cell density and morphology of CCLs were quantified using hematoxylin-eosin staining. The percentage of round cells was higher in the CCLR group than in controls. COLI-positive areas were seen extensively in the connecting fibers, but weakly represented in the cytoplasm of normal CCLs. In the CCLR group, there were fewer COLI-positive areas, but many COLI-positive cells. The percentages of COLII-, COLIII- and SOX9-positive cells were higher in the CCLR group than in controls. The number of spindle cells with perinuclear halo was high in the CCLR group, and most of these cells were SOX9-positive. Deposition of COLI, the main ECM component of ligaments, decreased with increased COLIII expression in degenerated CCL tissue, which shows that the deposition of the ECM is changed in CCLR. On the contrary, expression of SOX9 increased, which may contribute to the synthesis of cartilage matrix. The expression of COLII and SOX9 in ligamentocytes showed that these cells tend to differentiate into chondrocytes.
    The Journal of veterinary medical science / the Japanese Society of Veterinary Science. 02/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Conjunctival epithelial and goblet cell P2Y2 nucleotide receptors regulate ion transport and secretory function. Diquafosol is a P2Y2 purinergic receptor agonist that stimulates secretion of aqueous tear components from conjunctival epithelial cells and secretion of mucin from conjunctival goblet cells. In humans suffering from keratoconjunctivitis sicca (dry eye), topical administration of diquafosol improves corneal epithelial integrity and stabilizes the tear film. The aim of the present study was to investigate P2Y2 receptor expression and to determine the effect of topical administration of diquafosol on mucin and aqueous tear production in dogs. Canine conjunctival P2Y2 receptor expression was evaluated by Western blotting and immunohistochemical analysis. The effect of diquafosol on mucin secretion was evaluated by examining mucin-5 subtype AC (MUC5AC) concentration in tears. The effect of diquafosol on aqueous secretions was evaluated by performing the Schirmer tear test (STT) and phenol red thread test. Expression of the P2Y2 receptor was confirmed in canine bulbar and palpebral conjunctivae and receptors were found at the conjunctival epithelial and goblet cell surface. Tear MUC5AC concentration significantly increased after administration of 3% diquafosol ophthalmic solution, although neither STT nor phenol red thread test values showed any significant change after diquafosol instillation. Topical ocular administration of 3% diquafosol might improve corneal epithelial disorders in dogs though stabilization of the tear film, by virtue of an increase in MUC5AC secretion.
    The Veterinary Journal 10/2014; · 2.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: During evolution, reproductive hormones and their receptors in the brain-pituitary-gonadal axis have been altered by genetic mechanisms. To understand how neuroendocrine control of reproduction evolved in mammals, it is important to examine marsupials, the closest group to placental mammals. We hypothesized that at least some of the hormones and receptors found in placental mammals would be present in koala, a marsupial. We examined expression of koala mRNA for the reproductive molecules. Koala cDNAs were cloned from brain for gonadotrophin-releasing hormones (GnRH1 and GnRH2) or from pituitary for GnRH receptors, types I and II, follicle stimulating hormone beta (FSHβ), and luteinising hormone beta (LHβ) and from gonads for FSH and LH receptors. Deduced proteins were compared by sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis with those of other vertebrates. In conclusion, the koala expressed mRNA for these eight putative reproductive molecules, whereas at least one of these molecules is missing in some species in the amniote lineage, including human. Also, GnRH1 and 2 are shown by immunohistochemistry to be expressed as proteins in the brain.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Neuroendocrinology 09/2014; · 3.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study were to investigate the normal histological localization of aquaporin (AQP) 5 protein in the lacrimal and nictitating membrane glands and to compare this localization in healthy and keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) dogs. Lacrimal and nictitating membrane glands of 5 healthy Beagles and nictitating membrane glands of 5 KCS dogs (3 Beagles and 2 mongrel dogs: 0-13 years) were used for the present study. The owners of the KCS dogs did not consent to perform biopsies of the lacrimal glands. The localization and distribution of AQP5 protein were investigated by an immunohistochemical technique. In immunohistochemical staining, AQP5 was localized in the apical site of acinar epithelial and ductal epithelial cells from both the lacrimal and nictitating membrane glands in healthy dogs. However, AQP5 was not detected in the 5 KCS dogs. These results for immunohistochemical AQP5 localization might correlate with the deficiency in tear secretion found in KCS dogs.
    Veterinary Pathology 11/2012; · 2.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We examined the immunohistochemical distributions of natriuretic peptide receptor (NPR)-A, -B and -C that bind with natriuretic peptide hormones A, B and C in four healthy crossbreed young canine and feline cardiac tissues using specific antibodies against human antigens. Cross-immunoreactivities between antigens and antibodies were confirmed using western blot analysis. NPR-A and -C were expressed more strongly in dogs than cats. In both species, these expressions were stronger in the atria than the ventricles, with stronger expression in the left ventricles than the right. NPR-B was largely very weekly or undetected. In canine and feline cardiac tissues, the expressional distribution of NPR-A, -B, and -C closely matched with that of atrial natriuretic peptide, brain natriuretic peptide, and C-type natriuretic peptide as the ligands for corresponding receptors.
    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 10/2010; 73(3):375-8. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vitamin E is thought to affect bone formation and bone remodeling. In this study, we investigated the effects of vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol and delta-tocopherol) on the osteoblasts isolated from rat calvariae. At 4 and 7 days (Day 4 and 7) after induction of osteoblastic differentiation, treatment of alpha-tocopherol (100 and 200 microM) and delta-tocopherol (2 and 20 microM) for 3 days significantly decreased alkaline phophatase activity of the cultured osteoblasts. At Day 14, however, no significant change was detected in ALP activity and expression of bone sialoprotein mRNA in the osteoblasts treated with alpha-tocopherol or delta-tocopherol for 3 days. Expression of osteocalcin mRNA was decreased by treatment of alpha-tocopherol (100 and 200 microM) and delta-tocopherol (2 and 20 microM) at Day 4 and 7. At Day 14, expression of osteocalcin mRNA was decreased only with treatment of 200 microM alpha-tocopherol. In addition, the noncalcified nodules were decreased by treatment of alpha-tocopherol (200 microM) and delta-tocopherol (20 microM) at Day 7. However, treatment of alpha-tocopherol and delta-tocopherol showed no significant change of formation of calcified nodules at Day 14. These results indicate that vitamin E inhibits differentiation of osteoblasts especially from early stage to osteoid-producing stage.
    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 03/2010; 72(7):951-7. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the histological changes of extra-intestinal organs, such as the liver, kidney, lung and pancreas in SAMP1/Yit mice, a human Crohn's disease model, using immunohistochemical techniques. The perivascular cellular infiltration was detected around the small vessels after 30 weeks. These infiltrating cells consisted of many CD4-positive T-lymphocytes, and small numbers of CD8- positive T-lymphocytes and IgG-positive B-lymphocytes. MAdCAM-1 and VCAM-1 were detected in vascular endothelial cells in non-affected regions of 13 and 20 week-old, as well as in the affected regions showing perivascular cellular infiltration after 30 weeks. In addition, integrin alpha4beta7 was detected on these infiltrating cells in the perivascular regions after 30 week-old. LT-beta and IL-12, cytokines of the Th-1-type immune response, were not observed in these affected regions. However, IL-4, one of the cytokines of the Th-2-type immune response, was detected on the perivascular infiltrating cells after 30 week-old. These results revealed that the changes in extra-intestinal organs were mainly caused by infiltration of CD4-positive T-lymphocytes into the perivascular regions in SAMP1/Yit mice. These cellular infiltrations were thought to be initiated by adhesion of CD4-positive T-lymphocytes to the endothelial cells mediated by MAdCAM-1 and integrin beta7. Immunohistochemistry for Th related cytokines indicated that the perivascular cellular infiltration was developed by the Th-2-type immune response in the extra-intestinal organs of SAMP1/Yit mouse.
    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 12/2009; 71(12):1553-60. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The immunohistolocalization and gene expression of carbonic anhydrase (CA) isoenzymes CA-II and CA-VI in the canine lower airways and lung were examined using specific canine CA-II and CA-VI antisera and the RT-PCR method. Laryngeal, tracheal and bronchial epithelia, serous acinar and bronchiolar secretory cells and pulmonary great alveolar cells showed immunopositive reactions to anti-CA-II and anti-CA-VI antisera. However, all mucous cells showed immunonegative reactions. The physiological roles of CA-II and CA-VI in the lower airways and lung may involve the maintenance of pH balance and the protection of mucosal surfaces against the acidic milieu.
    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 11/2009; 71(11):1525-8. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cytosolic and secretory carbonic anhydrase isoenzymes (CA-II and CA-VI, respectively) were detected by immunohistolocalization using specific canine CA-II and CA-VI antisera. CA-II and CA-VI were identified in glands associated with the canine lacrimal apparatus, such as lacrimal gland, superficial gland of the third eyelid (third eyelid gland) and tarsal gland. CA-II and CA-VI mRNA signals were also detected by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction in the same tissues. Some serous acinar cells and duct segments in the lacrimal gland and serous acinar cells in the third eyelid gland were immunopositive for anti-CA-II and CA-VI antisera. In particular, some immunopositive acini to CA-II and CA-VI on the edge of the third eyelid gland are histologically similar to sebaceous gland cells. Sebaceous gland cells in the tarsal and ciliary glands also showed immunopositivity to both CA antisera. CA-II and CA-VI gene transcripts were detected in the same regions. These results suggest that secreted CA-VI may form together with cytosolic CA-II, a high-activity isozyme mostly considered as a bicarbonate producer, in a mutually complementary system for the maintenance of bicarbonate levels to regulate pH in tear fluid and protect the corneal epithelia against injuries. In sebaceous gland cells in the lacrimal apparatus, CA-VI may be related to lipogenesis in an unknown function.
    Anantomia Histologia Embryologia 10/2009; 39(1):1-6. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: While the mandibular glands usually consist of only mucous acinar cells or a combination of mucous and serous cells in other species of mammals, those of koalas were serous glands. Rabbit mono-specific polyclonal anti-canine CA-I, II, III or VI antiserum showed cross-reactivity against corresponding koala carbonic anhydrase (CA) isozymes. Although immunohistochemical reactions to CA-I, II and VI in ductal cells were moderate to strong in the tested salivary glands, no reaction or only slight reactions were observed against CA-III. In the sublingual glands, moderate immunohistochemical reactions to CA-I, II and VI were also evident in serous acinar cells and serous demilunes. However, no reactions to the tested isozymes were observed in mucous acinar cells in these glands. With the exception of the histological structure of the mandibular glands, histological features and the distributional profile of CA isozymes of the salivary glands in koalas are relatively close to results obtained from horses.
    Anantomia Histologia Embryologia 09/2009; 38(6):449-54. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cauxin, a member of mammalian carboxylesterases (EC 3.1.1.1), is excreted as a major urinary protein in the domestic cat. Urinary cauxin is derived from the kidney proximal straight tubules. Here, we report changes in the renal expression and urinary excretion of cauxin in cats with tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN). Immunohistochemistry using anti-cauxin antibody showed fewer cauxin-positive tubules in 15 TIN cases than in normal animals. In areas with tubulointerstitial damage, fibroblasts and inflammatory cells replaced renal tubules, and cauxin-positive tubules consequently disappeared. Urine was analysed in six of the 15 cases. In the two cases with mild tubulointerstitial changes, urinary cauxin was detected using SDS-PAGE with Coomassie staining. In the four cases with severe tubulointerstitial changes, urinary cauxin was below the detection limit using Western blotting. These results indicate that the renal expression and urinary excretion of cauxin decrease with the progression of TIN in cats.
    Research in Veterinary Science 03/2007; 82(1):76-9. · 1.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A new type of inherited chondrodysplasia is described in Japanese Brown cattle, but the basic defects of the epiphyseal growth plate (EGP) in the limb long bones, and proliferation and differentiation of the chondrocytes in the EGP, are not yet understood. In the present study, the EGPs of the limb long bones in eight cases of chondrodysplasia and four normal (control) cattle were examined histologically and immunohistochemically. In the control cattle, proliferative chondrocytes (PCs) and hypertrophic chondrocytes (HCs) were arranged in columns parallel to the long axis of the bone, and HCs were situated on the metaphyseal side of the EGP. In all the affected cattle, many chondrocytes with a hypertrophic appearance were detected in the inner areas of the central portion of the EGP. The PC columns were short and arranged irregularly. Bone tissue and small blood vessels were found frequently in these areas. Six affected cattle showed complete EGP-closure. Backscattered electron (BSE) imaging showed that the calcified cartilage matrix was restricted to the lower region of the hypertrophic zone (HZ) of the EGP in the control cattle, while the calcified cartilage matrix and bone tissue were scattered in the inner areas of the EGP in all the chondrodysplastic cattle. Immunohistochemistry revealed type X collagen in the HCs and cartilage matrix of the HZ in the control cattle. In all the affected cattle, type X collagen was detected in apparently hypertrophic chondrocytes in the inner areas of the EGP. Type II collagen was detected in the entire EGP in all the affected cattle, as in the controls. BrdU (5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine), injected intravenously 1h before euthanasia was detected in many PCs in the EGP in the control cattle; none, however, was detected in the central portion of the EGP in any affected animal. These observations indicate that differentiation into HCs and calcification of cartilage matrix occur in the inner areas of the central portion of the EGP in chondrodysplasia of Japanese Brown cattle. Differentiation into the HCs at this abnormal site may be caused by the inadequate proliferation and disorganization of the PCs. Premature EGP-closure, observed commonly in chondrodysplasia of Japanese Brown cattle, was thought to be caused by replacement of the calcified cartilage in the inner areas of the EGP by bone tissue.
    Journal of Comparative Pathology 02/2007; 136(2-3):145-55. · 1.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Domestic cats spray urine with species-specific odor for territorial marking. Felinine (2-amino-7-hydroxy-5,5-dimethyl-4-thiaheptanoic acid), a putative pheromone precursor, is excreted in cat urine. Here, we report that cauxin, a carboxylesterase excreted as a major urinary component, regulates felinine production. In vitro enzyme assays indicated that cauxin hydrolyzed the felinine precursor 3-methylbutanol-cysteinylglycine to felinine and glycine. Cauxin and felinine were excreted age dependently after 3 months of age. The age-dependent increases in cauxin and felinine excretion were significantly correlated. In mature cats, cauxin and felinine levels were sex-dependently correlated and were higher in males than in females. In headspace gas of cat urine, 3-mercapto-3-methyl-1-butanol, 3-mercapto-3-methylbutyl formate, 3-methyl-3-methylthio-1-butanol, and 3-methyl-3-(2-methyldisulfanyl)-1-butanol were identified as candidates for felinine derivatives. These findings demonstrate that cauxin-dependent felinine production is a cat-specific metabolic pathway, and they provide information for the biosynthetic mechanisms of species-specific molecules in mammals.
    Chemistry & Biology 11/2006; 13(10):1071-9. · 6.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Some young large farm animals show a laminar bone formation in the long-bone cortex. Such a laminar bone is gradually replaced by Haversian bone with osteons during their growth periods. In this preliminary study, we observed the transverse ground samples of tibia cortex in young calves, pigs, and sheep by backscattered electron imaging. The cortex bones of all the newborn (NB) animals were basically formed with laminar bone structures. The NB and 1-month-old (1-M) calves had a typical concentric structure of laminar bone, whereas the NB and 1-M pigs showed a wire-netting bone with laminar-bone units. The NB sheep was similar to the calf rather than the pig. In the growth rate of bone volume, sheep was similar to calf up to 6 months after birth (6-M). Such calf and sheep showed a more rapid ratio of bone volume than pig. A few osteons had initially appeared in the innermost layer of the 6-M calf. A 1-year-old (1-Y) calf showed scattered osteons in the bone cortex, but many laminar-bone units were still retained in the outer layer. A 6-M pig had many osteons in the entire cortex but only a few osteons in the outermost layer. In the 6-M sheep, no osteons were observed, whereas a 1-Y sheep showed a relatively small number of osteons mainly in the middle layer but a higher osteon-volume than the 1-Y calf. In the 1-Y sheep, the more widely absorbed areas by bone-remodeling with osteons were observed as compared with the 1-Y calf, and the bone volume was decreased from the 6-M into the 1-Y sheep because of the remarkable bone-absorption. Thus, calf kept on possessing many laminar-bone units for a longer time in the growth period than sheep, while pig showed the earliest bone-remodeling with osteons. These results may be caused by their different body size and withers height in calf and sheep after growing and the difference of the dependence upon mother's body during juvenile period between pig and calf with sheep. The initial region of osteon formation may be distinguishable among their animals, respectively. However, further detailed investigations of their young animals at successive stages will be necessary.
    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 01/2006; 67(12):1223-9. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the distribution of the early stage chondrocytes during the formation and closure of epiphyseal growth plate (EGP) of the domestic cat, we examined the EGP of proximal tibiae by immunohistochemistry for type VI collagen. In the epiphyseal cartilage without the secondary ossification center (SOC) and EGP in newborn cats aged 1 and 10 days, type VI collagen-positive chondrocytes were located around the cartilage canals and articular surface. In the epiphyseal cartilage with the SOC and EGP in young cats aged 1 to 3 months, type VI collagen-positive chondrocytes were located in the upper resting zone of the EGP, and then increased throughout the resting zone along with maturation. In the adult cats with the partially closed EGP, type VI collagen-positive chondrocytes were distributed throughout the remaining EGP. These findings indicate that the early stage chondrocytes characterized with type VI collagen are continuously located in the EGP during maturation. In addition, the increase of the early stage chondrocytes and the decrease of the reserve chondrocytes in the EGP along with maturation may cause the cessation of the longitudinal growth of the EGP, and finally bring about the EGP closure.
    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 10/2005; 67(9):927-33. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Expression of neurofilament 200 (NF200)-like immunoreactivity was examined in the main olfactory system and the vomeronasal system of the Japanese newt, Cynops pyrrhogaster, using anti-porcine NF200 monoclonal antibody (clone N52) to investigate the differences in phenotypical characteristics between these systems. The entire nasal cavity was a flattened single chamber consisting of the main nasal chamber (MNC) and the lateral nasal sinus (LNS) communicating with each other. The olfactory epithelium (OE) was present in the MNC, and the vomeronasal epithelium (VNE) was in the LNS. The OE possessed only a small number of NF200-like immunoreactive receptor neurons. The olfactory nerve and the olfactory nerve layer of the main olfactory bulb also contained a small number of NF200-like immunoreactive axons. In contrast, the VNE possessed many NF200-like immunoreactive receptor neurons. The vomeronasal nerve and the vomeronasal nerve layer of the accessory olfactory bulb contained many NF200-like immunoreactive axons. These findings in the Japanese newt indicate that NF200-like immunoreactive receptor neurons constitute a major subpopulation in the VNE and a minor subpopulation in the OE. In addition, NF200-like immunoreactivity seems to be a useful marker to distinguish the vomeronasal system from the other nervous systems including the main olfactory system in the Japanese newt. The localization of a few NF200-like immunoreactive receptor neurons in the OE might indicate that pheromone-sensitive receptor neurons are intermingled in the OE of the Japanese newt.
    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 08/2005; 67(7):701-6. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: First, pubertal development of the penile reflexes, e.g., erections, cups and flips in Wistar-Imamichi male rats was investigated following sheath retraction. Second, the penile reflexes and copulatory behavior in the above males were compared between 10 and 44 weeks of age. The penile reflexes in Wistar-Imamichi rats began to appear from day 26, and all males displayed full components of the reflexes on day 47. The occurrence rates and mean numbers of erections, cups and flips in aged adults were significantly low, compared with the young adults. Also, in the observation of copulatory behavior the occurrence rate of ejaculations, and mean numbers of intromissions and ejaculations in aged adults were significantly lower than that in young adults. These results of the present study may suggest that the decrease of copulatory behavior in male rats with age results from the dysfunction of the penile reflexes with age.
    Experimental Animals 05/2003; 52(2):153-7. · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Normal mammals generally excrete only small amounts of protein in the urine, thus avoiding major leakage of proteins from the body. Proteinuria is the most commonly recognized abnormality in renal disease. However, healthy domestic cats ( Felis catus ) excrete proteins at high concentrations (about 0.5 mg/ml) in their urine. We investigated the possible cause of proteinuria in healthy cats, and discovered a 70 kDa glycoprotein, which was excreted as a major urinary protein in cat urine, irrespective of gender. To elucidate the biochemical functions and the excretion mechanism of this protein, we cloned the cDNA for this protein from a cat kidney cDNA library. The deduced amino acid sequence shared 47% identity with the rat liver carboxylesterase (EC 3.1.1.1), and both the serine hydrolase active site and the carboxylesterase-specific sequence were conserved. Therefore we named this protein cauxin (carboxylesterase-like urinary excreted protein). In contrast to the mammalian carboxylesterases, most of which are localized within the cells of various organs, cauxin was expressed specifically in the epithelial cells of the distal tubules, and was secreted efficiently into the urine, probably because it lacked the endoplasmic reticulum retention sequence (HDEL). Based on our finding that cauxin is not expressed in the immature cat kidney, we conclude that cauxin is involved in physiological functions that are specific for mature cats. Recently, cauxin-like cDNAs were found from human brain and teratocarcinoma cells. These data suggest that cauxin and cauxin-like human proteins are categorized as a novel group of carboxylesterase multigene family.
    Biochemical Journal 03/2003; 370(Pt 1):101-10. · 4.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The calcium demands of pregnancy and lactation are known to up-regulate expression of Calbindin-D9k (CaBP-9k) mRNA in the intestines. The gastrointestinal CaBP-9k mRNA expressions has not been studied in dairy cows, which are bound to experience several pregnancies and lactation stages. In this study, the CaBP-9k mRNA expression were examined in the gastrointestinal tract of Holstein dairy cattle by Northern blot analysis. Detectable expression of CaBP-9k mRNA was localized in the proximal portion of the small intestines. These expressions were higher at the most proximal region of the duodenum and gradually decreased distally. The duodenal CaBP-9k mRNA was detected in all dairy cattle from 0.4 to 83.4 months old, but was not detectable in foetuses. There were no significant correlations between the age and the levels of CaBP-9k mRNA expression or between the plasma 1,25-(OH)2D3 concentrations and the levels of CaBP-9k mRNA expression.
    Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series A 12/2002; 49(9):461-5. · 0.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Urinary excretion of N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) was examined in healthy dogs and dogs with urinary diseases, and its clinical usefulness as an indicator of urinary diseases was discussed. Twenty-eight healthy dogs and 20 dogs with urinary diseases were used. Urinary NAG activity was measured using p-nitrophenyl N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminide as substrate, and expressed as units per gram of urinary creatinine (NAG index). Urinary NAG index in urine of healthy dogs was 3.2+/-2.4 U/g, and NAG index in the dogs with chronic renal failure or lower urinary tract infection accompanied by pyelonephritis was higher than that in healthy dogs. However, the dogs with lower urinary tract infection without pyelonephritis showed normal values of NAG index. Some dogs with diabetic mellitus showed elevated values of NAG index when control of blood sugar was not successful. Increase of NAG index was observed in some dogs with pyometra before increases of BUN and serum creatinine concentration. Therefore, NAG index in urine seems to be a good indicator for urinary diseases in dogs.
    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 05/2002; 64(4):361-5. · 0.88 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

174 Citations
37.80 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009–2014
    • Nippon Veterinary and Life Science University
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2002–2010
    • Nippon Veterinary and Animal Science University
      • • Department of Veterinary Anatomy
      • • Division of Laboratory Animal Science
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1999–2002
    • Iwate University
      • • Department of Veterinary Medicine
      • • Faculty of Agriculture
      Morioka-shi, Iwate-ken, Japan