ABSTRACT: A prospective, single-arm, open-label, multicenter, nonrandomised phase II trial to evaluate efficacy and safety of short fludarabine, mitoxantrone, and rituximab (FMR) induction followed by radioimmunotherapy, in untreated, intermediate/high-risk follicular non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) patients.
Fifty-five patients were treated using a sequential treatment schedule of four induction cycles of FMR chemoimmunotherapy, and a subsequent consolidating single administration of (90)Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan ((90)Y-IT), 8-14 weeks later. Patients were eligible for radioimmunotherapy if at least in partial response (PR) after induction, with normal platelet and granulocyte counts and a bone marrow infiltration ≤ 25%. Primary study end points were response rate and hematologic toxic effects; secondary end points were overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS).
All the 55 patients received four induction cycles with an overall response rate of 96% (38 complete responses [CR] and 15 PR). Fifty-one patients (38 in CR and 13 in PR) received (90)Y-IT. By the end of the treatment, 49/55 patients achieved a CR. With a median follow-up of 21 months, the estimated 3-year PFS was 81% and the 3-year OS 100%.
This study has established feasibility, tolerability, and efficacy of a regimen composed by short FMR induction with (90)Y-IT consolidation in untreated intermediate/high-risk follicular NHL patients.
Annals of Oncology 05/2011; 23(2):415-20. · 6.43 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Peripheral T-cell lymphoma unspecified (PTCLU) and mycosis fungoides (MF) often show resistance to conventional chemotherapy. Gemcitabine should be considered a suitable option. We report the long-term update of 39 pretreated T-cell lymphoma patients treated with gemcitabine.
From May 1997 to September 2007, 39 pretreated MF and PTCLU patients received gemcitabine. Inclusion criteria were as follows: histologic diagnosis of MF or PTCLU; relapsed/refractory disease; age > or =18 years; and World Health Organization performance status of two or less. Nineteen patients had MF and 20 PTCLU. All patients with MF had a T3-T4, N0, and M0 disease and patients with PTCLU had stage III-IV disease. Gemcitabine was given on days 1, 8, and 15 on a 28-day schedule (1200 mg/m(2)/day) for a total of three to six cycles.
Overall response rate was 51% (20 of 39 patients); complete response (CR) and partial response (PR) rates were 23% (9 of 39 patients) and 28% (11 of 39 patients), respectively. Patients with MF had a CR rate of 16% and a PR rate of 32% compared with a CR rate of 30% and a PR rate of 25% of PTCLU patients. Among the CR patients, 7 of 9 are in continuous complete response with a variable disease-free interval (15-120 months).
In our experience, gemcitabine proved to be effective in pretreated MF and PTCLU patients, even in the long term.
Annals of Oncology 11/2009; 21(4):860-3. · 6.43 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Adult Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disease. The combination of vinblastine and prednisone, given in a 6-month course, is the standard of care but prospective randomized trials are lacking.
We report our monocentric experience in the treatment of seven adult patients with multisystem (MS) LCH (n = 3) or single-system multifocal (SS-m) LCH (n = 4) with the short-course intensive chemotherapy regimen methotrexate, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisone and bleomicin (MACOP-B).
The overall response rate was 100% [five complete response (CR), two partial response (PR)]. After a median follow-up of 6.5 years, four patients are in first continuous CR and three patients relapsed after 5, 8 and 62 months, respectively. Four patients were evaluated with positron emission tomography (PET) scan: all three PET-negative patients at the end of treatment had a long-lasting response with only one patient relapsing after 5 years. PET scan detected additional bone lesions at diagnosis in two of four patients, changing the treatment program in one of them.
MACOP-B regimen seems to be very active in the treatment of adult MS or SS-m LCH, with long-lasting responses in five of seven patients. PET scan merits further evaluation in the initial staging and in the evaluation of the response to chemotherapy.
Annals of Oncology 10/2009; 21(6):1173-8. · 6.43 Impact Factor