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Publications (3)2.03 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To study the relationship between aging and the vulnerability of substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactive positive (TH+) dopaminergic (DA) neurons. We determined the number of TH(+) DA neurons in aged rats (24 mon) compared to adult rats (5 mon) using immunohistochemistry and cell counting. Furthermore, the expression of TH mRNA and protein levels in SN was studied by semi-quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting. A 13.6% loss of neurons was detected in rostral segment of SNc, and the expression of TH mRNA levels was also reduced (P < 0.05), however, no difference was detected in TH protein levels (P > 0.05). These data suggest that expression of TH protein may increase in the existing SNc DA neurons, which may compensate for the partial loss of TH+ DA neurons.
    Current Aging Science 02/2011; 4(1):19-24.
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    ABSTRACT: We studied the relationship between aging and the vulnerability of substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) calbindin-D-28k immunoreactive positive (CB+) dopaminergic (DA) neurons. Immunohistochemistry and cell counting were used to determine the number of CB+ DA neuron in aged rats (24 mon) compared to adult rats (5 mon). Furthermore, the expression of CB mRNA and protein levels in SN was studied by semi-quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting. An 11% loss of CB+ DA neurons was detected in both the rostral (8.9%) and caudal (1.7%) segments but not in the intermedial segment of SNc in aged rats compared to adult rats (P<0.05). No difference was detected in CB mRNA and protein levels between aged and adult rats (P>0.05). These data suggest that expression levels of CB mRNA and protein may increase in the existing SNc DA neurons, which may compensate for the partial age dependent loss of CB+ DA neurons in the SNc.
    Neuroscience Letters 10/2009; 468(1):3-6. · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to observe the morphological distribution of bone marrow (BM)-derived Nkx2-5(+) cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) in bone marrow niche and evaluate the effect of acute myocardial ischemia (AMI) on the mobilizion of BM-derived Nkx2-5(+) CPCs. Animal models of BALB/c mouse AMI, cerebral and hind-limb ischemia were established. Nanogold labeling method, immunofluorescence and Western blot were used to identify the distribution of BM-derived Nkx2-5(+) CPCs and the expressions of Nkx2-5 protein in peripheral blood and BM after AMI. Meanwhile, in different ischemia organ models and after AMD3100 (SDF-1/CXCR4 antagonist) pretreatment in AMI model, Nkx2-5 protein expressions in peripheral blood were also assayed. Nkx2-5(+) CPCs were found to locate in cavitas medullaris. The percentage of Nkx2-5(+) CPCs in blood increased immediately after AMI. Nkx2-5 protein expression in peripheral blood was also upregulated at the timepoint of 24 h post-AMI (P<0.01) and kept stable without further enhancement from day 1 to day 7 post-AMI. In BM, Nkx2-5 protein expression was upregulated immediately after AMI and downregulated afterwards (P<0.01). After AMD3100 pretreatment in AMI group, Nkx2-5 protein expression was significantly inhibited in peripheral blood (P<0.05). In cerebral and hind-limb ischemia models, Nkx2-5 protein expressions were significantly lower than that in AMI group (P<0.01), but with no significant difference to control group. These results suggest that Nkx2-5(+) CPCs are physiologically resident in BM and AMI initiates mobilization of BM-derived Nkx2-5(+) CPCs in a predominant organ-specific manner. In the procedure of mobilization, SDF-1 may play a critical role in a chemoattracted manner.
    Sheng li xue bao: [Acta physiologica Sinica] 04/2009; 61(2):185-93.