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ABSTRACT: Moraxella catarrhalis, formerly called Branhamella catarrhalis, 'Neisseria catarrhalis' or 'Micrococcus catarrhalis', is a Gram-negative, aerobic diplococcus frequently found as a colonizer of the upper respiratory tract. Over the last 20-30 years, this bacterium has emerged as a genuine pathogen, and is now considered an important cause of otitis media in children and an aetiological agent in pneumonia in adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, bacteraemia due to M. catarrhalis has rarely been reported. Presented here is a case of M. catarrhalis bacteraemia associated with prosthetic vascular graft infection along with a review of the relevant literature.
Journal of Medical Microbiology 10/2009; 59(Pt 2):245-50. · 2.30 Impact Factor