Publications (3)4.2 Total impact
Article: Autologous transplantation of endothelial progenitor cells genetically modified by adeno-associated viral vector delivering insulin-like growth factor-1 gene after myocardial infarction.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The regenerative potential of bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) has been adapted for the treatment of myocardial and limb ischemia via ex vivo expansion. We sought to enhance EPC function by the efficient genetic modification of EPCs in a rat model of myocardial infarction. Peripheral blood EPCs were expanded and transduced, using adeno-associated virus (AAV). AAV-mediated EPC transduction efficacy was 23 ± 1.2%, which was improved by 4.0- to 7.2-fold after pretreatment with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein. Adult rats (n = 7 in each group) underwent myocardial infarction by left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion, and received autologous EPCs transduced by AAV-IGF-1 or AAV-lacZ into the periinfarct area. Echocardiography demonstrated that cardiac function in the IGF-1-EPC group was significantly improved compared with the lacZ-EPC control group 12 weeks after myocardial infarction. In addition, IGF-1-expressing EPCs led to reduced cardiac apoptosis, increased cardiomyocyte proliferation, and increased numbers of capillaries in the periinfarct area. AAV expression was limited to the targeted heart region only. Pretreatment with genistein markedly improved AAV transduction of EPCs. IGF-1-expressing EPCs exhibit favorable cell-protective effects with tissue-limited expression in rat heart postinfarction.Human gene therapy 05/2010; 21(10):1327-34. · 4.20 Impact Factor
Article: Analysis of angiogenesis induced by local IGF-1 expression after myocardial infarction using microSPECT-CT imaging[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) has been found to exert favorable effects on angiogenesis in prior animal studies. This study explored the long-term effect of IGF-1 on angiogenesis using microSPECT-CT in infarcted rat hearts after delivering human IGF-1 gene by adeno-associated virus (AAV). Myocardial infarction (MI) was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats by ligation of the proximal anterior coronary artery and a total of 1011 AAV-CMV-lacZ (control) or IGF-1 vectors were injected around the peri-infarct area. IGF-1 expression by AAV stably transduced heart muscle for up to 16 weeks post-MI and immunohistochemistry revealed a remarkable increase in capillary density. A 99mTc-labeled RGD peptide (NC100692, GE Healthcare) was used to assess temporal and regional αv integrin activation. Rats were injected with NC100692 followed by 201Tl chloride and in vivo microSPECT-CT imaging was performed. After imaging, hearts were excised and cut for quantitative gamma-well counting (GWC). NC100692 retention was significantly increased in hypoperfused regions of both lacZ and IGF-1 rats at 4 and 16 weeks post-MI. Significantly higher activation of αv integrin was observed in IGF-1 rats at 4 weeks after treatment compared with control group, although the activation was lower in the IGF-1 group at 16 weeks. Local IGF-1 gene delivery by AAV can render a sustained transduction and improve cardiac function post-MI. IGF-1 expression contributes to enhanced αv integrin activation which is linked to angiogenesis. MicroSPECT-CT imaging with 99mTc-NC100692 and quantitative GWC successfully assessed differences in αv integrin activation between IGF-1-treated and control animals post-MI.Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology.
Article: 229. Use of rAAV Transduced Endothelial Progenitor Cells for the Treatment of Myocardial Infarction in Rat Model