[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Epidural fibrosis following a laminectomy procedure is a serious problem that results in failed back surgery syndrome. Aserious number of manuscripts have explained its possible mechanism and results but no effective preventive surgical technique or treatment is currently present.
We used a rat hemilaminectomy model at lumbar fourth level. In the treatment group (n:10), the hemilaminectomy sites were filled with cepea extract-allantoin and heparin mixture as sterile cream form. In the second group, the same surgical procedure was performed and the site was filled with physiological saline. All animals were terminated after 6 weeks and laminectomy sites removed en-bloc. Epidural fibrosis was evaluated and compared using semi-quantitative histopathological scoring scales.
In the physiological saline group, the fibrosis score was 10.3 points and 90% of the subjects had acute inflammatory reaction, 80% chronic inflammatory reaction and 100% showed bone destruction and reparation process. In the cepea extract group, these values were fibrosis score 4.2 points, 0% acute inflammatory reaction, 33.3% chronic inflammatory reaction and 10% bone destruction and reparation process, respectively.
This study showed that aloe cepea extract-allantoin and heparin mixture diminished epidural scarring formation effectively with decreased scores of acute and chronic inflammation, compared to the physiological saline solution group.