[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Benign biliary strictures (BBS) may occur in patients with chronic pancreatitis and may lead to secondary biliary cirrhosis or recurrent cholangitis. Although surgical diversion may provide definitive therapy, it can be associated with significant morbidity. Endoscopic therapy with plastic stents has been used as an alternative to surgery but has resulted in unsatisfactory long-term outcomes. We evaluated the temporary placement of partially covered self-expandable metallic stents (PCMS) in patients with BBS due to chronic pancreatitis.
A total of 20 patients with BBS due to chronic pancreatitis underwent temporary placement of PCMS over a 6-year period. The primary outcome of interest was the proportion of patients with stricture resolution persisting 6 months after stent removal. Secondary outcomes included the stent failure rate, number of endoscopic sessions required to achieve biliary drainage, total duration of stenting, and complication rate.
Adequate biliary drainage was achieved in 19 patients with PCMS (95%). Eighteen of the 20 patients (90%) had persistent stricture resolution 6 months after PCMS removal. In two of the 20 patients (10%), PCMS stenting failed and these patients underwent alternative therapies. Complications occurred in four patients (20%). Median duration of PCMS placement was 5 months, requiring a median of two endoscopic procedures.
In this series of patients with BBS due to chronic pancreatitis, temporary PCMS placement achieved persistent stricture resolution in the majority of patients with acceptable complication rates. Comparative trials evaluating temporary PCMS placement and plastic stenting in patients with BBS due to chronic pancreatitis are needed.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Benign biliary strictures (BBS) are usually managed with plastic stents, whereas placement of uncovered metallic stents has been associated with failure related to mucosal hyperplasia.
We analyzed the efficacy and safety of temporary placement of a covered self-expanding metal stent (CSEMS) in BBS.
Patients with BBS received temporary placement of CSEMSs until adequate drainage was achieved; confirmed by resolution of symptoms, normalization of liver function tests, and imaging.
Tertiary-care center with long-standing experience with CSEMSs.
Seventy-nine patients with BBS secondary to chronic pancreatitis (32), calculi (24), liver transplant (16), postoperative biliary repair (3), autoimmune pancreatitis (3), and primary sclerosing cholangitis (1).
ERCP with temporary CSEMS placement. Removal of CSEMSs was performed with a snare or a rat-tooth forceps.
End points were efficacy, morbidity, and clinical response.
CSEMSs were removed from 65 patients. Resolution of the BBS was confirmed in 59 of 65 patients (90%) after a median follow-up of 12 months after removal (range 3-26 months). If patients who were lost to follow-up, developed cancer, or expired were considered failures, then an intent-to-treat global success rate of 59 of 79 (75%) was obtained. Complications associated with placement included 3 post-ERCP pancreatitis (4%), 1 postsphincterotomy bleed (1%), and 2 pain that required CSEMS removal (2%). In 11 patients (14%), the CSEMS migrated. In 1 patient, CSEMS removal was complicated by a bile leak that was successfully managed with plastic stents.
Pilot study from a single center.
Temporary CSEMS placement in patients with BBS offers a potential alternative to surgery.