ABSTRACT: To investigate whether children should undergo surgery without a long period of fasting after feeding.
Eighty children with inguinoscrotal disorders (aged 1-10 years) were studied prospectively. They were divided into eight groups that each contained 10 children who were fed normal liquid food (NLF) and a high-calorie diet (HCD) 2, 3, 4 and 5 h before surgery, in two doses at 6-h intervals. NLF was given to four groups and HCD to the other four. In all groups, glucose, prealbumin and cortisol levels in the blood were measured twice: just after oral feeding and just before the operation. After the establishment of adequate anesthesia, gastric residue liquid was measured with a syringe.
Blood glucose levels in all patients fed NLF and HCD were high, except in patients in the HCD-4 group. There was no significant difference in the blood prealbumin levels. There was a significant increase in the blood cortisol levels in the NLF-2 (14.4 +/- 5.7), HCD-2 (13.2 +/- 6.0), NLF-3 (10.9 +/- 6.4), and HCD-5 (6.8 +/- 5.7) groups (P < 0.05).
The stress of surgery may be tolerated by children when they are fed up to 2 h before elective surgery.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 10/2009; 15(39):4919-22. · 2.47 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Oesophageal stricture continues to be a challenging paediatric surgical problem. This study aimed to compare the results of oblique and transverse anastomosis to prevent anastomotic stricture that occurred following oesophageal repairs.
Twelve New Zealand rabbits were divided equally into two groups: oblique (O) and transverse (T). A 1-cm-long tract of the cervical oesophagus was resected through a cervical incision in both groups. Anastomosis was performed in both groups. Oesophagographic analysis was carried out on postoperative day 7 and the animals were fed orally on the same day on the condition that there was no oesophageal leakage. The rabbits were killed to measure diameters of the oesophageal lumen and bursting pressure (BP) in the anastomosis region 8 weeks later.
The diameters of the oesophageal anastomosis lines (3.9 +/- 0.10 mm) in the O group were significantly greater than those (1.9 +/- 0.09 mm) in the T group (P < 0.05). The values of BP (189 +/- 10 mmHg) in the O group were also significantly higher than those (116 +/- 4 mmHg) in the T group (P < 0.05).
Our results suggested that oblique anastomosis is a better surgical procedure for preventing oesophageal stricture, as shown by the increased diameters of oesophageal anastomosis lines and BP.
Pediatric Surgery International 02/2009; 25(2):163-7. · 1.25 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Ataxia-telangiectasia is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by progressive cerebellar ataxia, oculocutaneous telangiectasia, immunodeficiency, high incidence of cancer, and increased sensitivity to ionizing radiation. The authors report a case of dysgerminoma in a child with high alpha-fetoprotein, CA125 and beta-human chorionic gonadotropin, who has been followed-up for ataxia-telangiectasia for 2 years.
Pediatric Hematology and Oncology 10/2007; 24(6):431-6. · 0.89 Impact Factor