Marta Gontijo Aguiar

Federal University of Minas Gerais, Cidade de Minas, Minas Gerais, Brazil

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Publications (3)14.77 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: The parenteral administration of pentavalent antimonials for the treatment of all forms of leishmaniasis, including cutaneous leishamniasis (CL), has several limitations. Therapy is long, requiring repeated doses and the adverse reactions are frequent. Topical treatment is an attractive alternative for CL, offering significant advantages over systemic therapy: fewer adverse effects, ease of administration, and lower costs. AREAS COVERED: This review covers, from 1984 to the present, the progress achieved for the development of topical treatment for CL, using different drugs such as paromomycin (PA), imiquimod, amphotericin B (AmB), miltefosine, and buparvaquone. PA is the most commonly studied drug, followed by AmB and Imiquimod. These drugs were incorporated in conventional dosage forms or loaded in lipid nanocarries, which have been used mainly for improved skin delivery and antileishmanial activity. EXPERT OPINION: Developing an effective topical treatment for CL using these antileishmanial drugs still remains a great challenge. Insights into the most promising delivery strategies to improve treatment of CL with PA and AmB using conventional dosage forms, lipid nanocarriers, and combined therapy are presented and discussed. The results obtained with combined therapy and alternative delivery systems are promising perspectives for improving topical treatment of CL.
    Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery 06/2012; 9(9):1083-97. · 4.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate the activity of a combination of topical paromomycin gel and oral miltefosine for the treatment of experimental cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis. The efficacy of the combination, evaluated by measuring lesion size and parasite burden in the skin and spleen, was assessed in BALB/c mice infected by L. (L.) amazonensis. The miltefosine was administered orally at 10 mg/kg of body weight/day for 10 days, while 10% paromomycin gel was applied topically twice a day for 20 days. Treatment of the experimentally infected animals with a topical paromomycin-oral miltefosine combination induced a statistically significant reduction in lesion size and parasite burden in the skin and spleen, with complete healing of ulcers, compared with those treated with a placebo group. A combination of topical paromomycin gel and oral miltefosine provided enhanced efficacy in the treatment of L. (L.) amazonensis-infected mice, showing activity higher than that observed for the monotherapeutic regimens.
    Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 11/2010; 54(11):4699-704. · 4.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate the activity of the combination of topical paromomycin gel and oral miltefosine for the treatment of experimental cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania (Leishmania) major. The efficacy of the combination, evaluated by measuring lesion size and parasite burden in the skin and spleen, was assessed in BALB/c mice infected by L. (L.) major. Miltefosine was administered orally at 25 mg/kg/day for 10 days, while 10% paromomycin gel was applied topically twice a day for 10 days. Treatment of the experimentally infected animals with topical paromomycin + oral miltefosine combination induced a statistically significant reduction in lesion size and parasite burden in the skin, with complete healing of ulcers, as compared with those treated with oral miltefosine or placebo. Furthermore, topical paromomycin + oral miltefosine combination was as effective as topical paromomycin alone to reduce the lesion size and parasite load in lesions. However, the efficacy of the combination was significantly higher than that observed for the other treatments, including topical paromomycin alone, in reducing the parasite burden in spleen. The combination of topical paromomycin gel and oral miltefosine provides an enhanced efficacy in the treatment of L. (L.) major-infected mice, thus presenting a significantly higher activity than that observed for the monotherapeutic regimens.
    Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 10/2009; 64(6):1234-40. · 5.34 Impact Factor