ABSTRACT: Early conversion to a calcineurin-inhibitor (CNI)-free maintenance immunosuppression with sirolimus (SRL), mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and steroids was associated with an improved 1-year renal function as compared with a cyclosporine (CsA)-based regimen (SMART core-study). This observational follow-up describes 132 patients followed up within the SMART study framework for 36months. At 36months, renal function continued to be superior in SRL-treated patients [ITT-eGFR(@36m) : 60.88 vs. 53.72 (CsA) ml/min/1.73m(2) , P=0.031]. However, significantly more patients discontinued therapy in the SRL group 59.4% vs.42.3% (CsA). Patient [99% (SRL) vs.97% (CsA) and graft 96% (SRL) vs.94% (CsA)] survival at 36months was excellent in both arms. There was no difference in late rejection episodes. Late infections and adverse events were similar in both arms except of a higher rate of hyperlipidemia in SRL and a higher incidence of malignancy in CsA-treated patients. In a multivariate analysis, donor age >60years, S-creatinine at conversion >2mg/dl, CMV naïve(-) recipients and immunosuppression with CsA were predictive of an impaired renal function at 36months. Early conversion to a CNI-free SRL-based immunosuppression is associated with a sustained improvement of renal function up to 36months after transplantation. Patient selection will be key to derive long-term benefit and avoid treatment failure using this mTOR-inhibitor-based immunosuppressive regimen.
Transplant International 02/2012; 25(4):416-23. · 2.92 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: De novo sirolimus in calcineurin inhibitor-free regimens, although potentially useful to improve early renal function, are complicated by various drug-related side effects.
We report a prospective open-label, multicenter, randomized trial to evaluate early conversion from a CsA-based to a sirolimus (SRL)-based regimen 10 to 24 days after renal transplantation. Of the 196 patients, 141 patients with a low-to-moderate immunological risk were eligible to be converted to SRL or to continue CsA. All patients received antithymocyte globulin-F single-bolus induction, mycophenolate mofetil, and steroids.
The primary endpoint, renal function determined by S-creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate calculated by Nankivell formula at 12 months was significantly better in the SRL group (1.51+/-0.59 vs. 1.87+/-0.98 mg/dL or 64.5+/-25.2 vs. 53.4+/-18.0 mL/min/1.73 m). Patient survival, graft survival, and incidence of biopsy-proven acute rejection after conversion were not statistically different. Drug discontinuations were significantly higher in the SRL group (36.2% vs. 19.7%). Significantly, more patients in the SRL group reported acne, aphtous, and temporary hyperlipidemia, whereas cytomegalovirus viremia was significantly decreased (7.3% vs. 28.2%).
Early conversion to a calcineurin inhibitor-free regimen with SRL in combination with mycophenolate mofetil may be a useful strategy to improve renal function. The identification of appropriate candidates and safe management of SRL-related adverse events will be a key to avoid the high rate of dropouts, which currently limit the broad applicability of this protocol.
Transplantation 05/2010; 90(2):175-83. · 4.00 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Kidney graft function after transplantation can be improved through pharmacological donor pretreatment to limit organ injury from cold preservation.
To determine whether pretreatment of brain-dead donors with low-dose dopamine improves early graft function in human renal transplant recipients.
Randomized, open-label, multicenter, parallel-group trial of 264 deceased heart-beating donors and 487 subsequent renal transplants performed at 60 European centers between March 2004 and August 2007 (final follow-up, December 31, 2008). Eligible donors were stable under low-dose norepinephrine with a normal serum creatinine concentration on admission.
Donors were randomized to receive low-dose dopamine (4 mug/kg/min).
Dialysis requirement during first week after transplantation.
Dopamine was infused for a median of 344 minutes (IQR, 215 minutes). Dialysis was significantly reduced in recipients of a dopamine-treated graft. Fewer recipients in the treatment group needed multiple dialyses (56/227; 24.7%; 95% CI, 19.0%-30.3%; vs 92/260; 35.4%; 95% CI, 29.5%-41.2%; P = .01). The need for multiple dialyses posttransplant was associated with allograft failure after 3 years (HR, 3.61; 95% CI, 2.39-5.45; P < .001), whereas a single dialysis was not (HR, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.21-2.18; P = .51). Besides donor dopamine (OR, 0.54; 95% CI, 0.35-0.83; P = .005), cold ischemic time (OR, 1.07; 95% CI, 1.02-1.11 per hour; P = .001), donor age (OR, 1.03; 95% CI, 1.01-1.05 per year; P < .001), and recipient body weight (OR, 1.02; 95% CI, 1.01-1.04 per kg; P = .009) were independent explanatory variables in a multiple logistic regression model. Dopamine resulted in significant but clinically meaningless increases in the donor's systolic blood pressure (3.8 mm Hg; 95% CI, 0.7-6.9 mm Hg; P = .02) and urine production before surgical recovery of the kidneys (29 mL; 95% CI, 7-51 mL; P = .009) but had no influence on outcome.
Donor pretreatment with low-dose dopamine reduces the need for dialysis after kidney transplantation.
clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00115115.
JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association 09/2009; 302(10):1067-75. · 30.03 Impact Factor