Hye-Jung Kim

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, United States

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Publications (17)166.1 Total impact

  • Hye-Jung Kim, Harvey Cantor
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    ABSTRACT: Cancer immunology has recently made major therapeutic inroads that represent clinical application of basic insights into mechanisms that govern immunity against tumors. Research into fundamental elements of T-cell and natural killer-cell biology, including the basis of antigen recognition, activation, proliferation, and survival, has informed the design of new therapeutic approaches to augment the body's natural anticancer immune response. Here, we describe some of the key steps that have provided the foundation for current strategies of immunotherapy. Cancer Immunol Res; 2(10); 926-36. ©2014 AACR.
    Cancer immunology research. 10/2014; 2(10):926-936.
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    ABSTRACT: Tumor growth is associated with the inhibition of host antitumor immune responses that can impose serious obstacles to cancer immunotherapy. To define the potential contribution of Qa-1-restricted CD8 regulatory T cells (Treg) to the development of tumor immunity, we studied B6.Qa-1 D227K mice that harbor a point mutation in the MHC class Ib molecule Qa-1 that impairs CD8 Treg suppressive activity. Here, we report that the growth of B16 melanoma is substantially delayed in these Qa-1-mutant mice after therapeutic immunization with B16 melanoma cells engineered to express granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor compared with Qa-1 B6-WT controls. Reduced tumor growth is associated with enhanced expansion of follicular T helper cells, germinal center B cells, and high titers of antitumor autoantibodies, which provoke robust antitumor immune responses in concert with tumor-specific cytolytic T cells. Analysis of tumor-infiltrating T cells revealed that the Qa-1 DK mutation was associated with an increase in the ratio of CD8(+) T effectors compared with CD8 Tregs. These data suggest that the CD8(+) T effector-Treg ratio may provide a useful prognostic index for cancer development and raise the possibility that depletion or inactivation of CD8 Tregs represents a potentially effective strategy to enhance antitumor immunity. Cancer Immunol Res; 2(3); 207-16. ©2013 AACR.
    Cancer immunology research. 03/2014; 2(3):207-16.
  • Hye-Jung Kim, Harvey Cantor
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    ABSTRACT: Research over the past decade has revealed the increasingly complex biologic features of the CD4(+) T-cell lineage. This T-cell subset, which was originally defined on the basis of helper activity in antibody responses, expresses receptors that recognize peptides that have been processed and presented by specialized antigen-presenting cells. At the core of the adaptive immune response, CD4 T cells display a large degree of plasticity and the ability to differentiate into multiple sublineages in response to developmental and environmental cues. These differentiated sublineages can orchestrate a broad range of effector activities during the initiation, expansion, and memory phase of an immune response. The contribution of CD4 cells to host defense against pathogenic invasion and regulation of autoimmunity is now well established. Emerging evidence suggests that CD4 cells also actively participate in shaping antitumor immunity. Here, we outline the biologic properties of CD4 T-cell subsets with an emphasis on their contribution to the antitumor response. Cancer Immunol Res; 2(2); 91-98. ©2014 AACR.
    Cancer immunology research. 02/2014; 2(2):91-8.
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    ABSTRACT: The immunological interactions that regulate the T-cell response to chronic viral infection are insufficiently understood. Here we study a cellular interaction that may enhance the antiviral immune response and constrain immunopathology. We analyze the contribution of Qa-1-restricted CD8(+) regulatory T cells (Treg cells) to antiviral immunity after infection by lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus. These CD8(+) Treg cells recognize and eliminate target cells through an interaction with the murine class Ib MHC molecule Qa-1 (HLA-E in humans). Using Qa-1 mutant mice (B6.Qa-1-D227K [B6-DK]) that harbor a single mutation that abrogates binding of Qa-1 peptide to the CD8-TCR (T-cell receptor) complex, we show that disruption of immune suppression mediated by CD8(+) Treg cells results in robust antiviral immune responses in both acute and chronic viral infection. Enhanced antiviral responses of B6-DK mice were accompanied by increased control of virus, reduced tissue inflammation in the acute phase, and dramatic alleviation of disease in the chronic phase. In addition, CD8(+) effector T cells in B6-DK mice displayed a less exhausted phenotype characterized by decreased expression of programmed cell death 1 (PD-1), LAG3 (CD223), and 2B4 (CD244) and increased expression of NKG2D (CD314) and killer cell lectin-like receptor subfamily G member 1 (KLRG1). Enhanced antiviral immunity in B6-DK mice reflected, in part, reduced inhibition of CD8(+) effector cells by CD8(+) Treg cells. These findings indicate that direct inhibition of effector CD8(+) T cells by Qa-1-restricted CD8(+) Treg cells results in increased disease severity and delayed recovery. These data suggest that depletion or inactivation of CD8(+) Treg cells represents a potentially effective strategy to enhance protective immunity to chronic viral infection.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 12/2013; · 9.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Antigen receptor editing-a process of secondary rearrangements of antigen receptor genes in autoreactive lymphocytes-is a well-established tolerance mechanism in B cells, whereas its role in T cells remains controversial. Here, we investigated this issue using a novel Tcra knock-in locus, which ensured appropriate timing of TCRα expression and allowed secondary rearrangements. Under these conditions the only response to self-antigen that could be unambiguously identified was negative selection of CD4/CD8 double positive thymocytes. No evidence could be obtained for antigen-induced TCR editing, whereas replacement of the transgenic TCRα chain by ongoing gene rearrangement occurred in some cells irrespective of the presence or absence of self-antigen.
    Journal of Experimental Medicine 08/2013; · 13.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Current therapies to treat autoimmune disease focus mainly on downstream targets of autoimmune responses, including effector cells and cytokines. A potentially more effective approach would entail targeting autoreactive T cells that initiate the disease cascade and break self tolerance. The murine MHC class Ib molecule Qa-1b (HLA-E in humans) exhibits limited polymorphisms and binds to 2 dominant self peptides: Hsp60p216 and Qdm. We found that peptide-induced expansion of tetramer-binding CD8+ Tregs that recognize Qa-1-Hsp60p216 but not Qa-1-Qdm strongly inhibited collagen-induced arthritis, an animal model of human rheumatoid arthritis. Perforin-dependent elimination of autoreactive follicular Th (TFH) and Th17 cells by CD8+ Tregs inhibited disease development. Infusion of in vitro-expanded CD8+ Tregs increased the efficacy of methotrexate treatment and halted disease progression after clinical onset, suggesting an alternative approach to this first-line treatment. Moreover, infusion of small numbers of Qa-1-Hsp60p216-specific CD8+ Tregs resulted in robust inhibition of autoimmune arthritis, confirming the inhibitory effects of Hsp60p216 peptide immunization. These results suggest that strategies designed to expand Qa-1-restricted (HLA-E-restricted), peptide-specific CD8+ Tregs represent a promising therapeutic approach to autoimmune disorders.
    The Journal of clinical investigation 02/2013; · 15.39 Impact Factor
  • Hye-Jung Kim, Harvey Cantor
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    ABSTRACT: Mounting an efficient immune response to pathogens while avoiding damage to host tissues is the central task of the immune system. Emerging evidence has highlighted the contribution of the CD8(+) lineage of regulatory T cells to the maintenance of self-tolerance. Specific recognition of the MHC class Ib molecule Qa-1 complexed to peptides expressed by activated CD4(+) T cells by regulatory CD8(+) T cells triggers an inhibitory interaction that prevents autoimmune responses. Conversely, defective Qa-1-restricted CD8(+) regulatory activity can result in development of systemic autoimmune disease. Here, we review recent research into the cellular and molecular basis of these regulatory T cells, their mechanism of suppressive activity and the potential application of these insights into new treatments for autoimmune disease and cancer.
    Seminars in Immunology 12/2011; 23(6):446-52. · 5.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A fundamental goal in cancer research is the identification of the cell types and signaling pathways capable of initiating and sustaining tumor growth, as this has the potential to reveal therapeutic targets. Stem and progenitor cells have been implicated in the genesis of select lymphoid malignancies. However, the identity of the cells in which mature lymphoid neoplasms are initiated remains unclear. Here, we investigate the origin of peripheral T cell lymphomas using mice in which Snf5, a chromatin remodelling-complex subunit with tumor suppressor activity, could be conditionally inactivated in developing T cells. In this model of mature peripheral T cell lymphomas, the cell of origin was a mature CD44hiCD122loCD8⁺ T cell that resembled a subset of memory cells that has capacity for self-renewal and robust expansion, features shared with stem cells. Further analysis showed that Snf5 loss led to activation of a Myc-driven signaling network and stem cell transcriptional program. Finally, lymphomagenesis and lymphoma proliferation depended upon TCR signaling, establishing what we believe to be a new paradigm for lymphoid malignancy growth. These findings suggest that the self-renewal and robust proliferative capacities of memory T cells are associated with vulnerability to oncogenic transformation. Our findings further suggest that agents that impinge upon TCR signaling may represent an effective therapeutic modality for this class of lethal human cancers.
    The Journal of clinical investigation 09/2011; 121(10):3834-45. · 15.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The ability to produce vigorous immune responses that spare self tissues and organs depends on the elimination of autoreactive T and B cells. However, purging of immature and mature self-reactive T and B cells is incomplete and may also require the involvement of cells programmed to suppress immune responses. Regulatory T cells (T(reg)) belonging to the CD4(+) T-cell subset may have a role in preventing untoward inflammatory responses, but T-cell subsets programmed to inhibit the development of autoantibody formation and systemic-lupus-erythematosus-like disease have not yet been defined. Here we delineate a CD8(+) regulatory T-cell lineage that is essential for the maintenance of self tolerance and prevention of murine autoimmune disease. Genetic disruption of the inhibitory interaction between these CD8(+) T cells and their target Qa-1(+) follicular T-helper cells results in the development of a lethal systemic-lupus-erythematosus-like autoimmune disease. These findings define a sublineage of CD8 T cells programmed to suppress rather than activate immunity that represents an essential regulatory element of the immune response and a guarantor of self tolerance.
    Nature 09/2010; 467(7313):328-32. · 38.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The conversion of naive T cells into Treg can be achieved in vivo by delivery of antigen under subimmunogenic conditions. Here we have examined several drugs for their ability to enhance the conversion process in vivo and have found that the rapamycin analog everolimus potently enhances Treg conversion by interfering with T-cell costimulation, reducing cell division and thereby activation of DNA methyltransferase 1 as well as by reducing T-cell activation through the ATP-gated P2×7 receptor controlling Ca2(+) influx. The resulting Tregs exhibit increased stability of Foxp3 expression even when generated in TGFβ-containing media in vitro. Thus the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor everolimus in addition to inhibiting immune responses enhances Treg conversion by several distinct pathways. The converted Tregs can be further expanded by injection of IL-2/IL-2ab complexes. These complexes also increase the number of CD25(+)Foxp3(-) cells that, however, do not represent cytokine secreting effector cells but anergic cells, some of which can secrete IL-10 and can themselves be considered regulatory T cells as well. The combined use of everolimus and IL-2/IL-2ab complexes in vivo makes it feasible to achieve highly effective antigen-driven conversion of naive T cells into Treg and their expansion in vivo and thereby the described protocols constitute important tools to achieve immunological tolerance by Treg vaccination.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 09/2010; 107(37):16246-51. · 9.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: T helper type 17 (TH17) cells are highly proinflammatory effector T cells that are characterized by the production of high amounts of IL-17A, IL-17F, IL-21, and IL-22. Furthermore, TH17 cells have been associated with a number of autoimmune diseases. However, it is not clear whether TH17 cells can also serve as effective helper cells. Here we show that TH17 cells can function as B-cell helpers in that they not only induce a strong proliferative response of B cells in vitro but also trigger antibody production with class switch recombination in vivo. Transfer of TH17 cells into WT or T-cell receptor alpha-deficient mice, which lack endogenous T cells, induces a pronounced antibody response with preferential isotype class switching to IgG1, IgG2a, IgG2b, and IgG3, as well as the formation of germinal centers. Conversely, blockade of IL-17 signaling results in a significant reduction in both number and size of germinal centers. Whereas IL-21 is known to help B cells, IL-17 on its own drives B cells to undergo preferential isotype class switching to IgG2a and IgG3 subtypes. These observations provide insights into the unappreciated role of TH17 cells and their signature cytokines in mediating B-cell differentiation and class switch recombination.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 08/2010; 107(32):14292-7. · 9.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Administration of attenuated pathogenic T cell clones, a procedure known as T cell vaccination, induces CD8+ T cells specific for peptides derived from the Vbeta-chain of the TCR presented by the MHC class Ib molecule, Qa-1 expressed on the vaccine cells. These regulatory CD8+ T cells have the capacity to control the activation of endogenous T cells expressing the same TCR Vbeta-chain as the vaccinating cells. We hypothesized that vaccination with NKT cells could also induce Qa-1-restricted CD8+ T cells that would control NKT cell activation. We tested this hypothesis in a murine model of Con A-induced hepatitis that is induced by NKT cells. Vaccination with NKT cells effectively induced protective Qa-1-restricted CD8+ T cells that prevented hepatitis. Surprisingly, upon vaccination with T cells expressing Vbeta-chains irrelevant to NKT cells, we discovered that the specificity of vaccine-induced Qa-1-restricted CD8+ T cells was not limited to the Vbeta-chain of the vaccinating cells. We further show that these regulatory Qa-1-restricted CD8+ T cells arise spontaneously upon polyclonal activation of T cells in the absence of deliberate T cell vaccination. These experiments provide new insight into a CD8+ T cell compartment that regulates the immediate reactivation of conventional T cells and NKT cells.
    The Journal of Immunology 06/2010; 184(12):6585-91. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Autoimmune encephalomyelitis may be ameliorated experimentally by enhancing NK cell-mediated elimination of activated autoreactive T cells through a mutation that interrupts the interaction between Qa-1(b) and CD94/NKG2A. Here we evaluate the ability of an anti-NKG2A F(ab')(2) Ab to enhance elimination of autoreactive T cells and reduce experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Anti-NKG2A F(ab')(2) treatment diminishes progression of both myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-induced EAE in intact C57BL/6 mice and after adoptive transfer of disease-causing T cells. Analyses of the underlying mechanism revealed that administration of anti-NKG2A F(ab')(2) Ab reduces CD4(+) T recall responses to MOG and skews the proportion of IL-17- and IFNgamma-producing CD4(+) T cells toward the protective IL-4- and IL-10-secreting CD4(+) T cell subpopulations. CD94/NKG2A-dependent inhibition of inflammatory damage to spinal cord is associated with decreased infiltration of T cells and reduced microglia activation in the central nervous system. Because anti-NKG2A F(ab')(2) treatment had no detectable effect on the numbers or activity of T and B lymphocytes and NK cells in peripheral lymphoid tissues, this anti-NKG2A-based approach may represent a safe and effective therapy for this CNS disorder.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 02/2010; 107(6):2562-7. · 9.81 Impact Factor
  • Clinical Immunology - CLIN IMMUNOL. 01/2010; 135.
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    ABSTRACT: It has been reported that retinoic acid (RA) enhances regulatory T (T reg) cell conversion by inhibiting the secretion of cytokines that interfere with conversion. This report shows that these conclusions provide a partial explanation at best. First, RA not only interfered with cytokine secretion but also with the ability of these cytokines to inhibit T reg cell conversion of naive T cells. Furthermore, RA enhanced conversion even in the absence of inhibitory cytokines. The latter effect depended on the RA receptor alpha (RAR alpha) but did not require Smad3, despite the fact that RA enhanced Smad3 expression. The RAR alpha 1 isoform was not essential for RA-dependent enhancement of transforming growth factor beta-driven conversion, suggesting that conversion can also be mediated by RAR alpha 2. Interleukin (IL)-6 strongly reduced RAR alpha expression levels such that a deficiency of the predominant RAR alpha 1 isoform leaves too little RAR alpha 2 for RA to inhibit the generation of Th17 cells in the presence of IL-6.
    Journal of Experimental Medicine 10/2009; 206(10):2131-9. · 13.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Regulation of autoreactive CD4 T cells is essential to maintain self-tolerance and prevent autoimmune disease. Although CD8 T regulatory (Treg) cells that recognize self-peptides restricted by Qa-1 (HLA-E in humans) inhibit autoreactive CD4 cells and attenuate experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), the mechanism of this interaction is unclear. We generated Qa-1 mutant knock-in mice that impair Qa-1 binding to the T cell receptor (TCR) and CD94/NKG2A receptors. Analysis of these mice showed that TCR-dependent recognition of Qa-1-peptide complexes on target CD4 cells is essential for suppression by CD8 Treg cells. Further analysis revealed that genetic disruption of the Qa-1-CD94/NKG2A interaction unleashes robust CD8 Treg cell activity that completely abolishes development of EAE.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 01/2009; 105(49):19420-5. · 9.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Osteopontin (Opn) contributes to diverse biological processes that include immune responses, vascularization, and bone formation. Until recently, studies describing the activities of Opn have focused on the cytokine-like properties of the secreted protein. Here, we show that alternative translation of a single Opn mRNA species generates a secreted and intracellular isoform. Utilization of a 5' canonical translation start site generates a protein that includes an N-terminal signal sequence allowing targeting to secretory vesicles and cytokine secretion, whereas usage of a downstream start site generates a shortened protein that lacks the N-terminal signal sequence and localizes mainly to cytoplasm. The coordinated action of these Opn gene products regulates the functional phenotype of subsets of dendritic cells.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 06/2008; 105(20):7235-9. · 9.81 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

435 Citations
166.10 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008–2014
    • Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
      • Department of Cancer Immunology and AIDS
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2010
    • Paris Diderot University
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2009
    • Harvard Medical School
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States