ABSTRACT: Kollidon SR-based matrix tablets containing various amounts of diprophylline were prepared and thoroughly characterized in vitro. This includes drug release measurements in 0.1M HCl and phosphate buffer pH 7.4, monitoring of changes in the tablet's height and diameter, morphology as well as dry mass upon exposure to the release media. Based on these experimental results, a mechanistic realistic mathematical theory is proposed, taking into account the given initial and boundary conditions as well as radial and axial mass transport in cylinders. Importantly, good agreement between theory and experiment was obtained in all cases, indicating that drug diffusion with constant diffusivity is the dominant mass transport mechanism in these systems. Furthermore, the proposed theory was used to quantitatively predict the effects of the initial tablet height and diameter on the resulting drug release patterns. These theoretical predictions were compared with independently measured drug release kinetics. Good agreement was observed in all cases, proving the validity of the mathematical theory and illustrating the latter's practical benefit: The model can help to significantly facilitate the recipe optimization of this type of advanced drug delivery systems in order to achieve a desired release profile.
Journal of Controlled Release 10/2009; 141(2):216-22. · 5.73 Impact Factor