[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Myolipoma is a very rare adipocytic tumor occurring most frequently in adults, and usually is located in the retroperitoneum or abdomen. It has been described in the retroperitoneum, spinal cord, orbita, breast, round ligament, subcutaneous tissue, pericardium, rectus sheath of the abdominal wall, and abdominal cavity with attachment to the abdominal wall. Most of these tumors are discovered incidentally and are large when discovered. Radiological findings are nonspecific due to the nonlipomatous component of the tumor. We present radiological findings of a large extraperitoneal pelvic myolipoma adjacent to the anterior abdominal wall, detected incidentally in an elderly woman with a presenting complaint of intractable hiccups.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the association of biliary cyst formation with cholangitis, portoenterostomy, biochemical abnormalities, using multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and pathologic findings of end-stage liver disease.
We retrospectively reviewed the 42 MCDT studies, clinical history and laboratory findings of 36 children with biliary atresia.
Biliary cysts were detected in 58% of the patients on MDCT images. The cysts were not associated with cholangitis, portoenterostomy surgery, or biochemical abnormality. Hepatic artery anomaly was also common in our series (25%) and more common in patients with biliary cysts which was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Eighteen livers were available for pathologic examination. The only statistically significant finding between the patients with and without biliary cysts were biliary epithelial damage and inflammatory reaction around the cysts which were common in the patients with biliary cysts (P < 0.05).
The damage to the bile duct epithelium and inflammatory reaction around the biliary epithelium support the theory of obstruction and bile leaks in the etiogenesis of biliary cysts. This is the first report of the association between hepatic artery variations and the biliary cysts; this may be important in pretransplant evaluation.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Liver regeneration is a fascinating process that makes living related donor transplantation feasible for patients. In this study we evaluated the changes in graft volumes among living related liver transplantation (LRLT) patients using computerized tomography (CT)-assisted volumetry technique.
Thirty three patients (17 adults, 16 children) who underwent liver transplantation were included in this study. Pediatric patients were referred to as group A, and adult patients were referred to as group B. The initial graft weight measured during operation was used as the initial graft volume. All patients' graft volumes were retrospectively calculated by CT volumetry technique. The data was compared with the initial graft volume in each patient. Paired samples Student t test was used for statistical analyses.
The graft volume increased from 2.7% to 285.6% with the mean increase 78% in group A, and 10.5% to 150.8% with a mean increase of 89% in group B. These changes were significant (P<.0001) in both groups.
The liver regeneration of recipient grafts is more complicated than that of the donors. There are a limited number of reports of complete volume recovery. We observed significant volume regeneration in liver grafts after transplantation, which was easily followed by CT-assisted volumetry.