[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Th17 cells have been reported to produce proinflammatory cytokines like Interleukin-17, IL-22, and regarded as important players in various inflammatory diseases. One of the IL-12 cytokine family cytokines, IL-23, composed of p19 and p40 subunit, is known for its potential to promote Th17 development and IL-17 producing, and the IL-23/IL-17 pathway is considered to be potential therapeutic target for autoimmune inflammation responses. Knockout mice deficient in either IL-23 or IL-17 related genes can suppress the allergic responses. Several IL-23 or IL-17 neutralizing agents are being evaluated in vitro or in vivo to disrupt the IL-23/IL-17 axis. Herein, we report that prokaryotically expressed soluble IL-23 receptor cytokine-binding homology region as an endogenous extracellular receptor analogue could be a natural antagonist against IL-23/IL-17 axis. We provide evidence that IL23R-CHR can bind to IL-23 in a dose-dependent manner in vitro, and block IL-23 signal by IL23R-CHR reducing the RORγt expression, which in turn lowers the expression of IL-17/IL-22, thus protecting naive CD4+ T cells against Th17 development. Together, this study indicates the importance of IL-23 pathway in Th17 development and the negative regulation of Th17 development by IL23R-CHR, and highlights the important roles of the soluble receptor extracellular region in the therapeutic strategy of neutralizing IL-23.
PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(9):e45625. · 3.73 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is attracting increasing interest on account of its prominent benefits in type 2 diabetes. However, its clinical application is limited because of short biological half-life. This study was designed to produce a C-terminal site-specific PEGylated analog of cysteine-mutated GLP-1 (cGLP-1) to prolong its action. The gene of cGLP-1 was inserted into pET32a to construct a thioredoxinA fusion protein. After expression in BL21 (DE3) strain, the fusion protein was purified with Ni-affinity chromatography and then was PEGylated with methoxy-polyethylene glycol-maleimide (mPEG(10K)-MAL). The PEGylated fusion protein was purified with anion exchange chromatography and then was cleaved by enterokinase. The digested product was further purified with reverse-phase chromatography. Finally, 8.7 mg mPEG(10K)-cGLP-1 with a purity of up to 98% was obtained from the original 500 ml culture. The circular dichroism spectra indicated that mPEG(10K)-cGLP-1 maintained the secondary structure of native GLP-1. As compared with that of native GLP-1, the plasma glucose lowering activity of mPEG(10K)-cGLP-1 was significantly extended. These results suggest that our method will be useful in obtaining a large quantity of mPEG(10K)-cGLP-1 for further study and mPEG(10K)-cGLP-1 might find a role in the therapy of type 2 diabetes through C-terminal site-specific PEGylation.
Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 10/2009; 162(1):155-65. · 1.94 Impact Factor