ABSTRACT: The aims of this study were to evaluate the effects of demographic and clinical determinants on pain and to investigate the possible risk factors that disrupt QoL.
The design of this research was a prospective study performed in tertiary care hospital-based physical medicine and rehabilitation departments. A comprehensive geriatric pain assessment (Geriatric Pain Scale, GPS) and health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) assessment (Nottingham Health Profile, NHP) were performed.
Of the 275 patients, 76% were female and 59.6% were older than 70 years of age. Two hundred seventy four patients (99.7%) had various levels of pain. The mean age of the patent group was 72.77 ± 5.7 (min: 65, max: 96) years. The overall GPS was 60.41 ± 22 (min: 0, max: 99.9), and the total NHP score was 49.01 ± 22.4 (min: 0, max: 100). Correlation analyses showed that for the total GPS score, female gender, lower education, and economic status were significant determinants of higher levels of pain. The multiple linear regression analysis showed that the NHP, GPS, Self-Reported Disability Index (SRDI), and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) were significant determinants of poorer HR-QOL.
There was a high prevalence of pain and being female, having low income, having low social support, having a higher rate of disability with related multiple comorbidities, and depression as related factors of HR-QOL. Strengthening these negative predictors of HR-QOL might enhance the efficiency of pain therapies in this population.
Archives of gerontology and geriatrics 11/2011; 55(2):357-62. · 1.36 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the polypharmacy issue and its correlations with socioeconomic variables in Turkish elderly patients.
Outpatient clinics of the medical schools, departments of physical medicine and rehabilitation from 12 provinces.
A total of 1430 elderly in different geographical regions of Turkey during January 2007 to January 2008 were included.
Patients were interviewed using a questionnaire that included demographic characteristics, current medical diagnosis, and pharmaceuticals that are used by elderly. Demographical parameters were gender, age, marital status, number of children, level of education, province, and status of retirement.
The mean number of drugs was found to be higher in the females. There was a significant difference among age groups, marital status groups, and the number of children categories. The distribution of the number of drugs among education levels did not differ significantly, whereas the distribution of the number of drugs between the status of retirement and presence of chronic disease differed significantly.
Polypharmacy is correlated with various factors including age, sex, marital status, number of children, status of retirement, and presence of chronic medical conditions but not educational status in our study group.
Journal of the American Medical Directors Association 10/2009; 10(7):486-90. · 4.64 Impact Factor
Rheumatology International 08/2008; 28(9):939-41. · 1.88 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to define the normative data for stiffness index in a large sample of Turkish population and to clarify sex differences as well as age-related changes. A total of 10,435 subjects (aged 18-89 yr) were screened with calcaneal ultrasound and were requested to complete a detailed questionnaire listing all important risk factors, diseases, and treatments affecting bone metabolism. To be included in the study, subjects had to be free of any disease and any medical treatment known to affect bone metabolism. A total of 8,156 subjects (1,389 males and 6,767 females) were included in the study. Normative data was expressed using two statistical models including mean and 95th percentile, and regression analysis. The mean value of stiffness index in females peaked in the third decade, whereas in males it peaked in the age group of 18-29 yr. The stiffness index of females decreased by 24.26%. The total age-related decrease was 17.8% for stiffness index in the males. Stiffness index in males was a function of age (negatively) and body mass index (positively). Stiffness index in females was a function of age (negatively) and weight (positively). The results of this study could be useful as a guide for comparing the data of individual studies and may serve as reference normative data for the Turkish population.
Journal of Clinical Densitometry 9(2):217-21. · 1.29 Impact Factor